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Jiefang ribao 解放日報 "Liberation Daily"

The Jiefang ribao 解放日報 "Liberation Daily" was the official political newspaper of the Communist Party of China 共產黨 during the Resistance War against the Japanese invaders 抗日戰爭 and the so-called Liberation War against the Kuomintang Party 國民黨. The first issue appeared on May 16, 1941 in Yan'an 延安, Shaanxi, the headquarters of the CCP. The Jiefang ribao was established as successor of the Xin Zhonghua bao 新中華報 and the Jinri xinwen 今日新聞 newspapers. The first issues had only two pages and were later expanded to four pages. Chairman Mao Zedong 毛澤東 wrote the calligraphy of the newspaper's title and a poem for the first issue. From 1942 on the newpaper developed a more stringend attitude to the needs of the party and the mobilisation of the population against the internal and external enemies. Mao Zedong often took part in the redaction and revised articles to be published. At the same time the newspaper's central bureau began establishing a better distribution network and a network of journalists in the occupied zones. The newspaper committee of the party (dangbao weiyuanhui 黨報委員會) was headed by Qin Bangxian 秦邦憲 and Liao Chengzhi 廖承志, the chief editors (zongbianji 總編輯) of the Jiefang ribao were Yang Song 楊松, Lu Ding 陸定 and Yu Guangsheng 余光生. The issuing of the newspaper was ended when the party's headquarters left Yan'an in March 1947. In total 2,130 issues had been published.
A newspaper with the same title was established in Shanghai in 1949, the first issue appeared on May 28. It is published until today.

Source: Wang Chaoguang 汪朝光 (1992). "Jiefang ribao 解放日報", in: Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Zhongguo lishi 中國歷史, vol. 2, p. 447-448. Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe.

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3 July, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail