Aims and objectives:
I started compiling this online encyclopedia (October 2000) at a time when the internet just began to conquer the world, including that of scholarly fields. Information that formerly had to be extracted from books in a very time-consuming way is presented now in various online dictionaries and encyclopedias in a very comfortable way.
After ten years of experience with online encyclopedias I am aware that there is still a lot of information not covered yet by freelance encyclopedias as the omni-present Wikipedia or Baidu 百度 and Hudong baike 互动百科 (in China), and that the articles in these sources are often defective or even unreliable, or at least are missing decent quotations.
On incentive of mine was to present as much information from the world of Chinese studies as possible, in one single and compound site.
My Chinaknowledge encyclopedia is therefore a tool to provide my own students - but of course, also everybody else interested in Chinese culture - with information on China, her history and culture. My articles are mainly based on Chinese secondary literature. Because Chinese studies is a vast field I am not able to cover all aspects of Chinese culture but selected a series of fields that are of relevance for academic purposes and for the interested lay(wo)man, namely history, literature, and arts, and - to a minor extent - music, religion, and the Chinese script. Momentaneously I leave the field of contemporary Chinese studies to others because it is much easier to get information about contemporary China than that of the past.
I systematically use the modern Hanyu pinyin 漢語拼音 transcription, except for some names which are commonly known with other transcriptions in the West (like Chiang Kai-shek, Taipeh or Hong Kong. Beijing is Peking.). Except in tables concerning the People's Republic of China I consistently use the correct traditional characters (fantizi 繁體字) - although a lot of my students think that traditional characters are something dangerous.
Politics of this website:
I am not commercial, all my sites are freely visible and copyable. Yet I would highly acknowledge it if students using material from my page indicate this in a footnote or a bibliography (although some of my Chinese readers prefer not to do so).
I will not make any advertisements for profit-oriented companies on my site.
And I will not buy nor resell your products. I am no company.
I will not deliver expertise on art objects.
Yet I welcome any suggestions concerning content and language.
I would like to thank everyone who contributes to the quality of this online encyclopedia. I apologize for my mediocre English and try my best to improve it over time.
Dr. phil. Ulrich Theobald, MBA 田宇利
- Feb - Jun 2015 Temporary Professorship at the Chair of Chinese History and Society at Tübingen University
- since June 2014 Co-Editor of the periodical East Asian Science, Technology and Medicine
- Feb. 2014 second-ranked on the shortlist for the position of Junior Professor for Economic Ethics in China, University of Tübingen
- since 2009 Junior Lecturer for Chinese History and Classical Chinese
- 2009 Ph Dissertation. Theme: War Finance and Logistics in Late Imperial China: An Analysis of the Second Jinchuan Campaign (1771-1776) (supported by the German Research Foundation)
- 2003-2009 Research Assistant at the Department of Chinese and Korean Studies, Tübingen
- 2002 MBA International Marketing, School of Applied Sciences Reutlingen
- Magister Artium. Theme: The Image of Empress Lü (reg. 187-180 v. Chr.) in Historiography and Literature (in German)
- 1993-2000 Studies in Sinology, Politics and Modern History in Tübingen and Nanjing, China
- 1991-1993 Studies in Biology and Chemistry in Saarbrücken and Tübingen.
- (2015, as editor with Jane K. Leonard) Money in Asia (1200 -1900): Small Currencies in Social and Political Contexts (Leiden: Brill). (Monies, Markets and Finance in East Asia. 6)
- (2015) “Control the Uncontrollable: The Endless Trouble with Small Cash”, in: Jane Kate Leonard / Ulrich Theobald (eds.), Money in Asia (1200 -1900): Small Currencies in Social and Political Contexts (Leiden: Brill), pp. 1-40. (Monies, Markets and Finance in East Asia. 6), pp. 1-40.
- (2015) “Monetary and Non-Monetary Rewards in Eighteenth Century China”, in: Jane Kate Leonard / Ulrich Theobald (eds.), Money in Asia (1200 -1900): Small Currencies in Social and Political Contexts (Leiden: Brill), pp. 398-419. (Monies, Markets and Finance in East Asia. 6), pp. 398-419.
- (2015) “Craftsmen and Specialist Troops in Early Modern Chinese Armies”, in: Kai Filipiak (ed.), Civil-Military Relations in Chinese History: From Ancient China to the Communist Takeover (New York: Routledge), pp. 191-209. (Asian States and Empires. 7)
- (2014) “Disorder in the General Staff: A Corruption Case during the First Jinchuan War (1747–1749)”, in: Kaushik Roy and Peter Lorge (eds.), Chinese and Indian Warfare – From the Classical Age to 1870 (New York: Routledge), pp. 234-245. (Asian States and Empires. 8)
- (2013) War Finance and Logistics in Late Imperial China: A Study of the Second Jinchuan Campaign (1771-1776) (Brill: Leiden). (Monies, Markets and Finance in East Asia. 5)
- (2013, with Christine Moll-Murata) “Military Employment in Qing Dynasty China”, in: Erik-Jan Zürcher (ed.), Fighting for a Living: Origins, Practices and Consequences of Different Forms of Military Employment in Europe, the Middle East and Asia (1500-2000) (Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press), pp. 353-392.
- (2011) The Second Jinchuan Campaign (1771-1776): Economic, Social and Political Aspects of an Important Qing Period Border War. PhD Diss., Tübingen (print on demand).
- (2013) „Kaiserinmutter - Mutter Kaiserin: Die schwierige Erfüllung einer politisch-privaten Rolle“, in: Heike Moser / Stephan Köhne (eds.), Frauenbilder/Frauenkörper: Inszenierungen des Weiblichen in den Gesellschaften Süd- und Ostasiens (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz), pp. 333-350.
- (2009) „Selbstinszenierung im Kleinen: In Lack geschnitzter Lobpreis an Ruhm und Größe der Qing-Dynastie“, in: Tribus 58, pp. 117-124.
- (2008) „Lamaismus“; „Mandschu“; „Mongolen“, in: Friedrich Jaeger / Kulturwissen-schaftliches Institut Essen (eds.), Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit, Vols. 7 and 8 (Stuttgart: Metzler) [see Brill Online Reference Works].
- Article on official appointment procedures in nineteenth-century China (to be finished March 2015).
- Article comparing methods of war finance in China and several European states during the 18th century (to be finished summer 2015)
- Article on territorial questions in Qing period military jurisdiction (to be finished summer 2015).
- Article on illustrations of handguns in late Ming handbooks on military matters.
- Book on traditional Chinese bibliography, with introductions to genres and detailed descriptions of about 1,500 individual books (to be finished March 2016)
- (2012) ‘Von Stinktöpfen und Ölprinzen: China in den Werken Karl Mays’ (Of stinkpots and oil barons: The image of China in the books of [the popular 19th-cent. writer] Karl May), in: China-Report 53, S. 51-59.
- (2012) ‘Globale Perspektiven: Der Fünfte Internationale Workshop der DFG-Forschergruppe Monies, Markets and Finance in China and East Asia, 1600-1900’, in: China-Report 53, S. 36-39.
- (2011) ‘Steuern fürs Jenseits, Salpeterschmuggel und ein gewitztes Hafenbüro: Vierter Internationaler Workshop der DFG-Forschergruppe Monies, Markets and Finance in China and East Asia, 1600-1900’, in: China-Report 51, S. 14-17.
- (2010) ‘Wer das Kupfer nicht ehrt, ist des Silbers nicht wert: Dritter Internationaler Workshop der DFG-Forschergruppe Monies, Markets and Finance in China and East Asia, 1600-1900’, in: China-Report 50, S. 33-34.
- (2014) Review to Stephen Skinner. Guide to the Feng Shui Compass: A Compendium of Classical Feng Shui, in: East Asian Science Technology and Medicine 37.
- (2012) Review to: R. Kent Guy. Qing Governors and their Provinces: The Evolution of Territorial Administration in China, 1644-1796, in: International Journal of Asian Studies 9/1.
- (2010) Review to: Cao Cong: China’s Scientific Elite, in: East Asian Science Technology and Medicine 31.
- (2003) Review to: Zhang Junhua / Martin Woesler: China’s Digital Dream: the Impact of the Internet on Chinese Society, in: East Asian Science Technology and Medicine 21.
Contributions to Conferences:
- (2002, with Hans Ulrich Vogel) Chinese, Japanese and Western Research in Chinese Historical Metrology: A classified bibliography (1925-2002) [enlarged edition 2012, revised by Cao Jin]
- (2000 ff.) ‘Chinaknowledge.de – A Universal Guide for China Studies’ [Online Encyclopaedia to China, focusing on Chinese History and Literature; Size: over 2,000 Articles; Visitor Frequency: ca. 2 Million Sessions Annually].
- (2014) ‘A Right to Work? The Job Situation of Examination Graduation in Late Imperial China’ (in German, 25th Annual Meeting of the German Association for Chinese Studies, Münster Nov 9, 2014)
- (2013) ‘Unpaid Internship: Appointees as cheap work forces in late imperial China’ (in German; 32. Deutscher Orientalistentag, Münster 26.9.2013)
- (2013) ‘Muskets and Cannons in the Late Ming (1368-1644) and Early Qing (1644-1912) Periods’ (Annual Meeting of the Society for Military History, New Orleans, March 14-17)
- (2012) ‘Logistics in Late Imperial Chinese Military History’ (in German; Military Professionalism in China and Europe, 1500-1900, Leipzig November 24-25, 2012)
- (2012) ‘European Weapons in China: Muskets and Cannons in the Late Ming and Early Qing Periods’ (Entanglement of Histories, Circulation of Knowledge, and Transfer of Technologies: Dimensions of Transcultural Statehood?, Conference of the Heidelberg Cluster of Excellence ‘Asia and Europe in a Global Context"’ Heidelberg, May 10-12, 2012)
- (2012) ‘Military Employment in Qing Dynasty China’ (Workshop of the Research Group ‘Fighting for a Living’, International Institute for Social History, Amsterdam; March 8-9, Wassenaar)
- (2011) ‘Craftsmen and Specialist Troops in Early Modern Chinese Armies’ (International Conference on Civil-Military Relations in Chinese History, Leipzig 5.-6.8.2011)
- (2011) ‘We Don’t Need Any Private Capital: Ways of war financing in early modern East and West’ (Annual Conference of the Society for Military History/Chinese Military History Society, Lisle, IL 10.-11.6.2011)
- (2010) ‘Civilian Staffs in Late Imperial Chinese Warfare’ (New Research in the History of Warfare: An International Graduate Conference, Cambridge 7.-8.8.2010)
- (2010) ‘Kaiserinmutter – Mutter Kaiserin: Die schwierige Erfüllung einer politisch-privaten Rolle’ (Frauenbilder/Frauenkörper: Inszenierungen des Weiblichen in den Gesellschaften Süd- und Ostasiens, Tübingen 25.-26.6.2010)
- (2010) ‘Civilian Staffs and War-Waging Capacities in the High Qing’ (Annual Conference of the Society for Military History/Chinese Military History Society, Lexington, VA 20.5.2010)
- (2010) ‘The Use of Artillery in 18th Century Chinese Warfare and the Need for Metals’ (Fourth International Workshop of the Research Group “Monies, Markets and Finance in China and East Asia, 1600-1900”, Tübingen 14.4.2010)
- (2009) ‘Sprache als Teil des Kosmos – Laut, Bild und Natur im Denken der Han-Zeit (206 v. Chr.-220 n. Chr.)’ (Jahrestagung der DVCS, “Sprache und Wirklichkeit in China”, München 27.-29.11.2009)
- (2009) ‘Mobilizing the Empire: The Logistics of War in 18th Century China’ (War and Devastation in the Qing and Ottoman Empires, Istanbul 12.6.2009)
- (2008) ‘Risk and Reward for Military and Civilian Officials Serving in High-Qing Military Campaigns: Issues, Procedures, and Consequences’ (Third International Workshop of the Research Group “Monies, Markets and Finance in China and East Asia, 1600-1900”, Tübingen 2.10.2008)
- (2007) ‘From Corruption to Seduction: Tracing the Case of Zhang Guangsi, a Military Leader of the First Jinchuan Campaign (1747-1749)’ (Second International Workshop of the Research Group “Monies, Markets and Finance in China and East Asia, 1600-1900”, Bochum 4.10.2007)
- (2006) ‘War Financing in 18th Century China – An Enterprise Without Controlling Department’ (XVI. Conference EACS, Ljubljana 1.9.2006)
- (2004) ‘In ein neues Zeitalter – Naturwissenschaft und Technologie der VR China seit 1978’ (29. Deutscher Orientalistentag, Halle 21.9.2004)