An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History and Literature

Cheng Pu 程普

Mar 8, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald

Cheng Pu 程普, courtesy name Demou 德謀, was a general of Sun Quan 孫權, the founder of the empire of Wu 吳 (222-280), one of the Three Empires 三國 (220-280).

Cheng Pu hailed from Youbeiping 右北平 (area of modern Beijing) and was a commander under general Sun Jian 孫堅 during the war against the Yellow Turban rebels 黃巾起義 and against the warlord Dong Zhuo 董卓.

After Sun Jian's death, Cheng Pu served his son Sun Ce 孫策 who made him Leader of the court gentlemen disturbing the bandits (dangkou zhonglangjiang 蕩寇中郎將) and appointed him governor (taishou 太守) of the commandery of Lingling 零陵.

When Sun Ce died, both Cheng Pu and Zhang Zhao 張昭 supported his younger brother Sun Quan in the effort to secure the lower Yangtze valley for himself. As one of the two highest commanders of Sun Quan's army (Zhou Yu 周瑜 being the other), Cheng Pu defeated Cao Cao at Wulin 烏林 and opened the way for the conquest of the province of Jingzhou 荊州. He was awarded the title assistant general (pi jiangjun 裨將軍) and was appointed governor of Jiangxia 江夏, and after Zho Yu's death governor of Nanjun 南郡.

As the longest-serving general of the Sun family, Cheng Pu died highly revered as General disturbing the bandits (dangkou jiangjun 蕩寇將軍).

Zhang Shunhui 張舜徽, ed. (1994). Sanguozhi cidian 三國志辭典 (Jinan: Shandong jiaoyu chubanshe), 497.