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Chinese History - Cao-Wei Dynasty 曹魏 (220-265)

Periods of Chinese History
The Wei dynasty 魏 (220-265) ruled over one of the Three Kingdoms 三國 (220~280). It was founded by Cao Pi 曹丕 (Emperor Wen 魏文帝, r. 220-226), son of the warlord Cao Cao 曹操. The dynasty is also called Cao-Wei 曹魏 in order to avoid confusion with the Zhou period 周 (11th. cent.-221 BC) feudal state of Wei 魏 and the Northern Wei dynasty 北魏 (386-534) that was founded by the Turkic people of the Taɣ​bač (Tuoba 拓跋). The Cao-Wei dynasty ruled over northern China and was traditionally seen as the rightful successor of the Han dynasty 漢 (206 BCE-220 CE).

Cao-Wei Empire 曹魏 (220-265)
Capital: Luoyang 洛陽 (modern Luoyang, Henan)
dynastic title {temple name}
-----reign periods
personal name
The King of Wei 魏王, Wei Wudi 魏武帝 (acting 215-220) Cao Cao 曹操
Wei Wendi 魏文帝 {Wei Gaozu 魏高祖} (r. 220-226)
-----Huangchu 黃初 220-226
Cao Pi 曹丕
Wei Mingdi 魏明帝 {Wei Liezu 魏烈祖} (r. 226-239)
-----Taihe 太和 227-232
-----Qinglong 青龍 233-236
-----Jingchu 景初 237-239

Counter-Emperor
Gongsun Yuan 公孫淵 (237-238)
-----Shaohan 紹漢 237
Cao Rui 曹叡
The Prince of Qi 齊王, The Minor Emperor (Shaodi) 魏少帝, Duke Shaoling Ligong 邵陵厲公 (r. 239-253)
-----Zhengshi 正始 240-248
-----Jiaping 嘉平 249-253
Cao Fang 曹芳
The Duke of Gaogui Town 高貴鄉公 (r. 254-259)
-----Zhengyuan 正元 254-255
-----Ganlu 甘露 256-259
Cao Mao 曹髦
Wei Yuandi 魏元帝, Prince of Chenliu 陳留王, Duke of Changdao Town 常道鄉公 (r. 260-265)
-----Jingyuan 景元 260-263
-----Xianxi 咸熙 264-265
Cao Huan 曹奐
265 Wei dynasty replaced by Jin 晉 (265-420).

Source: Zhonguo lishi da cidian bianzuan weiyuanhui 中國歷史大辭典編纂委員會 (ed. 2000), Zhongguo lishi da cidian 中國歷史大辭典 (Shanghai: Shanghai cishu chubanshe), Vol.2, pp. 3315-3316.

October 30, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail

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