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Chinese History - Prehistory and Xia Dynasty 夏 (20th to 16th cent. BC)
science, technology and inventions

Paleolithic Age:
- use of stone tools (hand-axe; shiqi 石器)
- use of fire
Neolithic Age:
- perfection of stone tools
- pasturing and agriculture
- irrigation technology
- earthenware, dried or burned (taoqi 陶器)
- ships and vehicles
- lacquer varnish
- silk production, spinning and weaving
- carving and drilling technology
The most important technical inventions of the late prehistorical period are bronze casting and the calendar. The oldest findings of casted bronze items date from the Erlitou Culture 二里頭文化 (Xia Dynasty; about 1500 BC), the casted objects are jue 爵 type bronze vessels. The first traces of calendar can be found on the oracle bones, but the round bi 璧 type jade disks may also have been instruments to observe the starry sky.

Map and Geography

Prehistoric cultures

-- Mythology
-- Xia Dynasty

Mythical emperors

-- Xia kings and rulers


Technology and Inventions



  © 2000 ff · Ulrich Theobald · Mail