An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

People's Republic of China - Political History

The Construction of "New China"
The Situation in 1949/1950
Agrarian Reform 1950-1951
The Industrial Sector 1950-1951
Money and Finance 1950-1951
The Marriage Law 1950
The Party and Intellectuals 1950-1952
The Political System 1949-1954
The Common Program (Proto-Constitution)
Early Mass Campaigns
The Sino-Soviet Treaty 1950
The Korean War 1950-1953
The "Liberation" of Tibet 1951
The Collectivization of Agriculture
The First Five-Year Plan 1953-1957
The Gao Gang and Rao Shushi Affair 1954
Persecution of Writers 1954
The First Constitution of 1954
The Party Constitution of 1956
The Eighth Party Congress 1956
The Hundred Flowers Movement and the Anti-Rightist Movement 1956-1957
Reforms in Language and Script in the 1950s
Press and Religion in the 1950s
Society and National Minorities in the 1950s
The Restructuring of the PLA in the 1950s
Foreign Relations 1950-1960 (Overview)
The Geneva Conference 1954
The Bandung Conference 1955
The First Taiwan Strait Crisis 1954
China and the Hungarian Revolution 1956
China and De-Stalinization 1953-1957
The Years of the Great Leap Forward
Mao's Second Visit in Moscow 1957
Achievements of the First Five-Year Plan
Launching the Great Leap
The Great Leap Forward 1958-1959
The Lushan Conference 1959 and the Split of the Yan'an Leadership
The Great Famine
The Second Taiwan Strait Crisis 1958
The Tibetan Revolt 1959
The Split with the Soviet Union 1957-1963
Semi-Liberal Interlude of the Early Sixties
Economic Reconstruction under Liu Shaoqi and Deng Xiaoping
The Sino-Indian War 1962
The Tenth Plenum of the Eighth Central Committee 1962
The Socialist Education Movement 1962-1966
The Rise of Lin Biao
The Atomic Bomb
The Cultural Revolution
The Reappearance of Class Struggle
The Wu Han Affair ("Hai Rui Dismissed")
The Return of the Great Helmsman
Red Guards and Red Terror
The Wuhan Incident
The Restoration of Party Power
The Lin Biao Affair 1971
The First Rise of Deng Xiaoping
The Gang of Four
The Year of Triple Mourning 1976
The Democracy Wall and the Fall of the Gang of Four
International Realignment
Foreign Relations 1960-1970 (Overview)
Foreign Relations 1970-1980 (Overview)
China and the Vietnam War
The Sino-Soviet Border Conflict 1969
Entry into the United Nations 1971
The Nixon Visit and the Shanghai Communiqué 1972
The Three Links with Taiwan
The Chinese-Vietnamese War 1979
Chinese-Soviet Relations 1963-1992
Reform and Opening
The Administration of Hua Guofeng
Deng Xiaoping's Fight for Power
The Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee 1978
The Constitutions of 1975, 1978, and 1982
Reform and Opening of the Economy, 1978-1989
The Special Economic Zones
Disputes on Economic Liberalization
Deng Xiaoping Theory
Legal Reform
Intellectual Life
The Impact of Economic Reform
The Indicent on Tian'anmen Square 1989
The Era of Consolidation
Deng Xiaoping's Southern Tour 1992
Jiang Zemin and His Shanghai Clique
Ideological Reorientation under Jiang Zemin: The "Three Representations"
Socialist Market Economy
Economic Development in the 1990s
China and the Presidential Elections in Taiwan 1996
The State Visit to the USA 1997
The Bombardment of the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade 1999
The Falun Gong Incident 1999
The Era of Globalization
China's Entry into the World Trade Organization 2001
Economic Development in the 2000s
Scientific Outlook on Development
"Harmonious Society"
Environmental Questions
The SARS Crisis 2002-2003
The Constitution of 2004
The Taiwan Question
Conflicts with Japan
The South China Sea Conflict
Xi Jinping
The Belt-and-Road Initiative 2013
The Covid-19 Pandemic 2020