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Chinese History - Yuan Dynasty Emperors and Khans

Periods of Chinese History
Yuan Dynasty 元朝 (1206/1279-1368)
Capital: Khanbalik (Dadu 大都, modern Beijing 北京)
temple name
Mongolian title ("transliteration")
-----reign periods
personal name (Chinese transliteration)
Yuan Taizu 元太祖 (r. 1206-1227)
Čingghis Qan (Chinggis Khan, Chengjisi Han 成吉思汗)
Bordjigid Temüjin (Borzhijin Tiemuzhen 勃兒只斤鐵木真)
Yuan Ruizong 元睿宗 (r. 1228)
(Yekenayan 也可那顔)
Tölüi (Tuolei 拖雷)
Yuan Taizong 元太宗 (r. 1229-1241) Ögödei (Wokuotai 窩闊台)
Empress Naimaĵin (Naimazhen 乃馬真后, regent 1241-1246) Naimaĵin Töregene (Naimazhen Tuoliegena 乃馬真脫列哥那)
Yuan Dingzong 元定宗 (r. 1246-1248) Güyüg (Guiyou 貴由)
Empress Qaimiš (Haimishi 海迷失后, regent 1248-1251) Oγul Qaimiš (Wowuli Haimishi 斡兀立海迷失)
Yuan Xianzong 元憲宗 (r. 1251-1259) Möngke (Mengge 蒙哥)
Yuan Shizu 元世祖 (r. 1260-1294)
Sečen Qaγan (Emperor Xuechan 薛禪皇帝)
-----Zhongtong 中統 1260-1263
-----Zhiyuan 至元 1264-1294

Usurpers Du Keyong 杜可用 (1280)
-----Wancheng 萬乘 1280
Lin Guifang 林桂方, Zhao Liangqian 趙良鈐 (1283)
-----Yankang 延康 1283
Yang Zhenlong 楊鎮龍 (1289)
-----Anding 安定 1289
Qubilai (Hubilie 忽必烈)
Yuan Chengzong 元成宗 (r. 1294-1307)
Ölĵeyitü Qaγan (Emperor Wanzedu 完澤篤皇帝)
-----Yuanzhen 元貞 1295-1296
-----Dade 大德 1297-1307
Temür (Tiemur 鐵穆耳)
Yuan Wuzong 元武宗 (r. 1307-1311)
Külüg Qaγan
-----Zhida 至大 1308-1311
Qayišan (Haishan 海山)
Yuan Renzong 元仁宗 (r. 1311-1320)
Buyantu Qaγan (Emperor Puyandu 普顏篤皇帝)
-----Huangqing 皇慶 1312-1313
-----Yanyou 延祐 1314-1320
Āyurparibhadra (Aiyunlibalibada 愛育黎拔力八達)
Yuan Yingzong 元英宗 (r. 1320-1323)
Gegeγen Qaγan (Emperor Gejian 格堅皇帝)
-----Zhizhi 至治 1321-1323
Šudibala, Siddhipāla (Shuodebala 碩德八剌)
The Taiding Emperor 元泰定皇帝 (r. 1323-1328)
-----Taiding 泰定 1324-1327
-----Zhihe 致和 1328
Yesun Temür (Yesun Tiemur 也孫鐵木兒)
The Infant Emperor (Youzhu) or the Tianshun Emperor 幼主天順皇帝 (r. 1328)
Emperor Asujiba 阿速吉八皇帝
-----Tianshun 天順 1328
Aragibaγ, Rigibaγ (Alajiba 阿剌吉八)
Yuan Wenzong 元文宗 (r. 1328; 1329-1331)
Ĵayaγatu Qaγan (Emperor Zhayadu 札牙篤皇帝)
-----Tianli 天曆 1328-1329
-----Zhishun 至順 1330-1332
Tuγ Temür (Tu Tiemur 圖帖睦爾)
Yuan Mingzong 元明宗 (r. 1329-1331)
Qutuγtu Qaγan
-----Tianli 天曆 1328-1329
Qošila, Kuśala (Heshila 和世[玉+束])
Yuan Ningzong 元寧宗 (r. 1332)
-----Zhishun 至順 1330-1332
Irinĵinpal, Rinčinbal (Yilinzhiban 懿璘質班)
Yuan Huizong 元惠宗, Yuan Shundi 元順帝 (r. 1333-1370)
Uqaγatu Qaγan 烏哈噶圖汗 (烏哈篤汗)
-----Yuantong 元統 1333-1334
-----Zhiyuan 至元 1335-1340
-----Zhizheng 至正 1341-1368/1370

Usurpers Zhu Guangqing 朱光卿 (1337)
-----Chifu 赤符 1337
Xu Shouhui 徐壽輝, Emperor of Tianwan 天完 (r. 1351-1360)
-----Zhiping 治平 1351-1355
-----Taiping 太平 1356-1357
-----Tianqi 天啟 1358
-----Tianding 天定 1359-1360
Zhang Shicheng 張士誠, Emperor of Zhou 周 (r. 1354-1357)
-----Tianyou 天佑 (天祐) 1354-1357
Han Lin'er 韓林兒, Emperor of Song 宋 (r. 1355-1366)
-----Longfeng 龍鳳 1355-1366
Chen Youliang 陳友諒, Emperor of Han 漢 (r. 1360-1362)
-----Dayi 大義 1360-1362
Chen Li 陳理, Emperor of Han (r. 1363-1364)
-----Deshou 德壽 1363-1364
Ming Baozhen 明寶珍, Emperor of Xia 夏 (r. 1362-1366)
-----Tiantong 天統 1362-1366
Ming Sheng 明昇, Emperor of Xia (r. 1367-1371)
-----Kaixi 開熙 1367-1371
Zhu Yuanzhang 朱元璋, Emperor of Wu 吳, founder of the Ming dynasty
-----Hongwu 洪武 1366-1398
Toqōn Temür, Toγun Temür 妥歡帖睦爾
Yuan Zhaozong 元昭宗 or Zhezong 元哲宗 (r. 1371-1378), Wucheng Hexiao Huangdi 武承和孝皇帝
Biligtü Qaγan 必里克圖汗
-----Xuanguang 宣光 1371-1378
Ayuširidara, Āyuśrīdara 愛猷識理達臘
Yuan Yizong 元益宗 (r. 1378-1388), Ningxiao Huangdi 寧孝皇帝, the Last Ruler of the Northern Yuan 北元後主, Tianyuan Emperor 元天元帝
Usqal Qaγan 兀思哈勒可汗
-----Tianyuan 天元 1379-1388
Tögüs Temür 脫古思帖木兒
Northern Yuan Dynasty Beiyuan 北元 (1368-1402)
Xingyuan Huangdi 興原皇帝
Joriγtu Qaγan 卓里克圖汗 (r. 1388–1392)
----- 1379-1388
Yesüder 也速迭兒
Engke Qaγan 恩克可汗 (r. 1392)
Dagu Huangdi 大古皇帝 (r. 1392–1399)
Nigülesügči Qaγan 尼古埒蘇克齊汗
Elbeg 額勒伯克
Shuntian Huangdi 順天皇帝 (r. 1400-1402)
Toγoγan Qaγan 脱古罕
Gün Temür 坤帖木兒

Source:
Zhonguo lishi da cidian bianzuan weiyuanhui 中國歷史大辭典編纂委員會 (ed. 2000), Zhongguo lishi da cidian 中國歷史大辭典, Shanghai: Shanghai cishu chubanshe, vol.2, pp. 3349-3352.


2000 ff. © Ulrich Theobald · Mail

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