- An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art
About [Location: HOME > Literature > Four Categories > > Historiography > Geography > Changchun zhenren xiyou ji]

Chinese Literature
Changchun zhenren xiyou ji 長春真人西遊記

The Four Categories of Literature
Changchun zhenren xiyou ji 長春真人西遊記 "True man Changchun's journey to the west" is the report of the Daoist patriarch Qiu Chuji's 丘處機 travel to the court of the Mongol ruler Čingghis Qan (r. 1206-1227). It is written by the Jin period 金 (1115-1234) Daoist monk Li Zhichang 李志常 and is 2 juan "scrolls" long.
In 1219 Čingghis Qan sent a messenger to Laizhou 萊州 (modern Yexian 掖縣, Shandong), the residence of Qiu Chuji, and invitem him to come to his court. At the beginning of 1220 he first traveled to Yanjing 燕京 (modern Beijing), one of the capitals of the Jin empire where he spent some time before leaving Xuande 宣德 (modern Xuanhua 宣化, Hebei) in the spring of 1221. At the end of the year he arrived in Samarkand. In the next spring the group of monks traveled on to the Qan's camp in the Hindukush where they stayed to the end of the year. In the autumn fo 1223 they returned to Xuande.
The author of the report, Li Zhichang (also called Zhenchangzi 真常子 or Tongxuan dashi 通玄大師), participated in the journey. He later became patriarch of the Quanzhen tradition 全真 of Daoism. It therefore was regarded as a religious book of minor interest to Confucian or "worldly" scholars. It is part of the Daoist Canon Daozang 道藏 and was only "detected" as an interesting source about 13th century Central Asia by the Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Qian Daxin 錢大昕. In 1926 Wang Guowei 王國維 published a revised and annotated edition.


Sources: Jia Jingyan 賈敬顔 (1992), "Changchun zhenren xiyou ji 長春真人西遊記", in Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Zhongguo lishi 中國歷史 (Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 76.

July 24, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
Chinese Literature over time