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Donglin liezhuan 東林列傳


The Four Categories of Literature
Donglin liezhuan 東林列傳 "Collective biographies of the Donglin Faction" is a collection of biographies of members of the Donglin Faction (Donglin dang 東林黨) of the late Ming period 明 (1368-1644) compiled by the early Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Chen Ding 陳鼎. The first draft to the Donglin liezhuan was the 60 juan "scrolls" long Zhongyizhuan 忠義傳 "Biographies of loyals and righteous" that included more than 4,600 paragraphs of biographical information of Ming period officials and scholars. After Chen Ding retired to a private life he refined the literary style of his biographies and finally gave shape to the 25 juan long Donglin liezhuan. He has also compiled a biographic collection called Liuxi waizhuan 留溪外傳.
The Donglin liezhuan is arranged in the same sequence as the name list Donglindang renbang 東林黨人榜 that includes more than 180 persons. The style follows Gong Yizheng's 龔頤正 Yuanyoudang jizhuan 元祐黨籍傳 and makes use of Gong's book as a main source. The Donglin liezhuan is very detailed and is generally rated as a quite reliable source about the factional strife between the eunuch clique around Wei Zhongxian 魏忠賢 and the Donglin Faction with representants like Gu Xiancheng 顧憲成, Gao Panlong 高攀龍, Qian Yiben 錢一本, Yang Lian 楊漣, Zuo Guangdou 左光斗, Huang Zunsu 黄尊素 or Zhou Xunchang 周順昌.
There is a print from the Kangxi reign 康熙 (1662-1722) that was republished as a faksimile in 1982 by the Jiangsu renmin press 江蘇人民出版社. It is also included in the imperial collectaneum Siku quanshu 四庫全書.


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Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 974.

March 12, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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