An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History and Literature

Huang-Ming zhishu 皇明制書

Jul 11, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald

Huang-Ming zhishu 皇明制書 "The system of the August Ming" is a series containing various sources ("imperial decrees") on law, regulations and jurisdiction of the Ming dynasty 明 (1368-1644). There exist several editions of this collection, the most complete versions are the so-called edition of Daming Prefecture (Daming fu ben 大名府本) from 1579, edited by Zhang Lu 張鹵, and the edition of Dantu District of Zhenjiang (Prefecture) (Zhenjiang Dantu xian ben 鎮江丹徒縣本) from 1613, edited by Kang Yingqian 康應乾.

The Daming edition contains regulations of the Hongwu reign-period 洪武 (1368-1396), the reign of the founder of the Ming dynasty, Ming Taizu 明太祖 (r. 1368-1398). Apart form detailed regulations for the state offices it contains jurisdicional material and proclamations by the emperor, but also instructions on behaviour addressed to the people and future generations. The Zhenjiang edition contains only nine of the 14 books from the Hongwu reign-period of the Daming edition but instead adds various precedents (tiaoli 條例) of later reign-periods (Xuande 宣德 1426-1435, Zhengtong 正統 1436-1449, Hongzhi 弘治 1488-1505).

Except these two main editions there are nine other less important versions, all published during the Ming period.

Table 1. Contents of the Huang-Ming zhishu 皇明制書 (大名府本 Daming edition)
1 大明令 Da-Ming ling
2 (御製)大誥 Yuzhi dagao
3-6 諸司職掌 Zhisi zhizhang
7 禮制 Lizhi
8 禮儀定式 Liyi dingshi
9 教民榜文 Jiaoming bangwen
10 資世通訓 Zishi tongxun
11 學校格式 Xuexiao geshi
12 孝慈錄 Xiaocilu
13-14 大明錄 Da-Ming lu
15a 憲綱 Xiangang
15b 稽古定制 Jigu zhiding
16-19 大明官制 Da-Ming guanzhi
20 節行事例 Jiexing shili
Liao Xinyi 廖心一 (1992). "Huang-Ming zhishu 皇明制書", in Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Zhongguo lishi 中國歷史 (Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe), Vol. 1, 400.