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Chinese Literature
Jianyan yilai chaoye zaji 建炎以來朝野雜記


The Four Categories of Literature
Jianyan yilai chaoye zaji 建炎以來朝野雜記 "Miscellaneous notes on inner and outer politics since the Jianyan reign (1127-1130)" is a collection of documents on statecraft from the beginning of the Southern Song period 南宋 (1127-1279) period. Jianyan 建炎 (1127-1130) was the first reign motto of the Southern Song. The book consists of two parts and 20 juan "scrolls". It was compiled by Li Xinchuan 李心傳 and published in 1202 (jiaji 甲集 "first collection") resp. 1216 (yiji 乙集 "second collection"). Both collections cover 13 categories and include 605 stories from officials at the court.
After the experience of the flight of the Song court to the south, many scholars and literati reflected the reasons of the downfall of the Northern Song and tried to explain their faults and to propose better measures for a well-functioning government in all aspects of civil, military, jurisdiction, local administration, rituals and functions at the imperial court (chao 朝) and in the regions (ye 野) of the empire. The Chaoye zaji is therefore a deepgoing political encyclopedia of the Song period that reflects all practical experiences of the Song government during the first decades after the catastrophy of the Northern Song's end.
The practical politics and outcomings of the experiences are described in a parallel work also written by Li Xinchuan, called Jianyan yilai xinian yaolu 建炎以來繫年要錄 "An annual record of the most important events since the Jianyan reign". Both books can be used as complement to each other, the last written as a chronicle, the first resuming events and edicts thematically.
A lot of source material has not been added in the commonly used source collections, like the Wenxian tongkao 文獻通考, Qunshu kaosuo 群書考索, or the official dynastic history Songshi 宋史.
There are several prints available, one in the imperial library in the Wuying Hall 武英殿 in the Imperial Palace, one print by Sun Xinghua 孫星華, and one by the Shangwu yinshuguan press 商務印書館.


Contents
甲集 Jiaji First collection
上德 Shangde
郊廟 Jiaomiao
典禮 Dianli
制作 Zhizuo
朝事 Chaoshi
時事 Shishi
雜事 Zashi
故事 Gushi
官制 Guanzhi
取士 Qushi
財賦 Caifu
兵馬 Bingma
邊防 Bianfang
乙集 Yiji Second collection
上德 Shangde
典禮 Dianli
制作 Zhizuo
朝事 Chaoshi
時事 Shishi
雜事 Zashi
故事 Gushi
官制 Guanzhi
取士 Qushi
財賦 Caifu
兵馬 Bingma
邊防 Bianfang
邊事 Bianshi

Sources: Chen Shu 陳述 (1992), "Jianyan yilai chaoye zaji 建炎以來朝野雜記", in: Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Zhongguo lishi 中國歷史 (Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe), Vol. 1, pp. 433f. ● Zhao Hankun 趙含坤 (ed. 2005), Zhongguo leishu 中國類書 (Shijiazhuang: Hebei renmin chubanshe), p. 110.

3 July, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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