An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History and Literature

Jintuo zuibian 金佗稡編

Oct 24, 2013 © Ulrich Theobald

Jintuo zuibian 金佗稡編 "Collection from Jintuo", also called Eguo jintuo zuibian 鄂國金佗粹編, is a kind of biographic collection of the patriotic hero Yue Fei 岳飛 (1103-1142) of the early Southern Song period 南宋 (1127-1279), written by his grandson Yue Ke 岳珂 (1183-1243), courtesy name Suzhi 肅之, style Yizhai 亦齋, Dongji 東几 or Xianweng 倦翁.

Jintuo 金佗 was the name of the urban quarter in Jiaxing 嘉興, where Yue Ke lived. Yue Fei had been posthumously given the title of King of E 鄂 by Emperor Ningzong 宋寧宗 (r. 1194-1224). The main collection (Zhengbian 正編) is 28-juan long, the supplement (Xubian 續編) 30 juan.

The book was written as a kind of defence of Yue Fei who had been charged with treason and was executed on behalf of the powerful Counsellor-in-chief Qin Hui 秦檜 (1091-1155). After Yue Fei's death Qin Hui had erased all positive paragraphs about Yue Fei in the official history, in order to influence the memory of him. The collection consists of private writings and poems of Yue Fei, his memorials to the throne, reports from his military campaigns against the Jurchens, and Emperor Gaozong's 宋高宗 (r. 1127-1162) responses to these, and many other official documents that prove the righteous and sincere character of Yue Fei.

Yue Ke's book is therefore a valuable collection of documents of the hero Yue Fei that was also used by contemporarians in the quarrels about the question whether to conclude peace with the Jurchens or to continue the war against them. The problem of the collection is that the authenticity of the documents included can not be proved elsewhere.

The earliest prints from 1218 (Zhengbian) and 1228 (Xubian) went lost, and a reprint from Zhejiang appeared during the Yuan period 元 (1279-1368).

Yuan Ke's descendant Yue Jinjing 岳士景, living during the Qing period 清 (1644-1911), arranged the text into 18 juan (Zhengbian) and 8 juan (Xubian). This version includes an appendix with the texts Xu baishi zhaozhong lu 續百氏昭忠錄 (8 juan) and Xingming kao 姓名考 (2 juan). Both versions are transmitted. The imperial series Siku quanshu 四庫全書 includes the 58-juan version. In 1987 the Shanghai Guji Press 上海古籍出版社 published a modern edition, and in 1989 the Zhonghua Book Company 中華書局 brought out an annotated edition.

Table 1. Contents of the Jintuo zuibian 金佗稡編
正編 二十八卷 Zhengbian First or main part
高宗宸翰 三卷 Gaozong chenhan
鄂王行實編年 六卷 E wang xingshi biannian
鄂王家集 十卷 E wang jiaji
吁天辯誣通敘 一卷 Yutian bianwu tongxu
吁天辯誣 五卷 Yutian bianwu
天定錄 三卷 Tiandinglu
續編 三十卷 Xubian Continuation
高宗宸翰摭遺 一卷 Gaozoong chenhan shiyi
絲綸傳信錄 十一卷 Silun chuanxin lu
天定別錄 四卷 Tianding bielu
百氏昭忠錄 十四卷 Baishi zhaozhong lu
Li Wenyi 李文以 (1996). "Songdai mingchen dang'an huibian bianzuan shilüe: Yue Ke yu Eguo jinguo zuibian, Eguo juntuo xubian 宋代名臣檔案彙編編纂述略——岳珂與《鄂國金佗稡編》、《鄂國金佗續編》", Dang'an guanli 檔案管理, 1996 (6).
Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰, eds. (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, 997.
Lü Jian 呂健 (1994). "Eguo jintuo zuibian, xubian 鄂國金佗粹編、續編", in Zhou Gucheng 周谷城, ed. Zhongguo xueshu mingzhu tiyao 中國學術名著提要, Vol. Lishi 歷史卷 (Shanghai: Fudan daxue chubanshe), 363.
Wang Songling 王松齡, ed. (1991). Shiyong Zhongguo lishi zhishi cidian 實用中國歷史知識辭典 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), 719.