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Ming gongju kaolüe 明貢舉考略

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Ming gongju kaolüe 明貢舉考略 "Concise Investigation into the Recruitment of State Officials of the Ming Dynasty" is a compendium on Ming period 明 (1368-1644) examination graduates compiled by the Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Huang Chonglan 黃崇蘭. He came from Huaining 懷寧, Anhui, and obtained his own jinshi degree in 1771. In 1801 he was appointed XXX 教諭 of Jingxian 涇縣. As a persons experience with education and examination he consulted sources on the Ming period like the chapter on examination (Xuanju zhi 選舉志) in the official dynastic history Mingshi 明史, or the official books Kechang tiaoguan 科場條貫 and Gongjukao 貢舉考, and compiled his 2 juan "scrolls" long study on the exination system under the Ming. In the first part of his book he lists all candidates who passed the three examination in the first position (yuanzhe 元者), then the three 2nd-class candidates (yijia 一甲: zhuangyuan 狀元, banggen 榜眼 and tanhua 探花) of all examinations, the best gongshi 貢士 XXX of all metropolitan (huishi 會試) and of all provincial examinations (xiangshi 鄉試). Not all names are known. It was necessary that only the three best of the graduates of the palace examination (dianshi 殿試) and concurrently the best of the metropolitan examination were recorded in the official sources. The names of XXX 狀元 and 會元 are often missing. For the provincial examiners (dian xianshi zhe 典鄉試者) the names are only known from 1585 on, but many names are missing during the Chongzhen reign 崇禎 (1628-1644). There are furthermore some missing among the provincial graduates because it was not any more possible to find out their names.
Huang's book is a very important source for the history of the examination system under the Ming, and includes a large amount of names of examiners and graduates of all levels. It was printed during the Jiaqing reign 嘉慶 (1796-1820).


Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 1423.

January 19, 2014 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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