An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History and Literature

Xinjiang Yili luanshi benmo 新疆伊犁亂事本末

Aug 23, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald

Xinjiang Yilu luanshi benmo 新疆伊犁亂事本末 "Historical events of the disturbances in Xinjiang and Ili in their entirety" is a history of the rebellion of the Muslim leaders Feng Chao 馮超 and He Jiadong 賀家棟 in 1910. The book was written by the very late Qing-period 清 (1644-1911) writer Zhang Kaimei 張開枚, who served in the staff of governor and leader of the suppression campaign Yuan Dahua 袁大化 (1851-1935). The book is written in the historiographical style of "events in their entirety" (jishi benmo 紀事本末).

Apart from giving an account of the uprising and its suppression, the book also narrates Yuan Dahua's measures to establish a more civilian government in Xinjiang. The region had been made province only in 1884. Of great importance were his attempts at prospecting for petrol and metal ores in the region, as well as the foundation of military agro-colonies by Chinese immigrants.

In the surviving print, a short account on Yuan Dahua's suppression of Liu Xianjun's 劉先俊 rebellion in Dihua 迪化 (Ürümqi) in 1911 is appended. The title of this appendix is Xinhai dingbian jilüe 辛亥定變紀略 "Military annals of the pacification in the year Xinhai".

Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰, eds. (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, 925.