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Chinese Literature
Songshichao 宋詩鈔 "A Transcript of Song Period shi Poems"


The Songshichao 宋詩鈔 "Transcript of Song period shi poems" is a collection of Song period 宋 (960-1279) shi poems 詩 compiled by the Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Wu Zhizhen 吳之振 (1640-1717), courtesy name Wu Mengju 吳孟舉. Wu Zhizhen came from Shimen 石門 (modern Chongde 崇德, Zhejiang) and rose the ladder of career to a post in the imperial secretariat (zhongshu 中書省). He was an ardent collector of books, and his collected writings have been published with the title of Huangye cunzhuang shiji 黃葉村莊詩集.
The 106 juan "scrolls" long Songshichao is the product of a collaboration with Lü Liulang 呂留良 and Wu Zimu 吳自牧. It includes more than 12,000 poems of one hundred writers, of which 16 are only listed in the index. The Songshichao was the first collection of Song period shi poems at all because earlier scholars connected the genre of shi poems only with the Tang period 唐 (618-907), while the Song period was connected with ci poems 詞. For each author, Wu Zhizhen has added a short biography and a critique of his poetry. Authors are arranged chronologically.
There were many various editions of the Songshichao, and some of them are of minor quality, with defective sentences and printing errors. The chapters of Liu Kezhuang's 劉克莊 Houcun shiji 後村詩集, for instance, are brought into disorder. There is a supplement to the Songshichao, the Songshichao bu 宋詩鈔補 by Guan Tingfang 管庭芳 and Jiang Guangxu 蔣光煦 that includes the shi poems of 85 authors (16 of them have been listed in the index of the Songshichao, without presenting their poems). Some poems of this supplement are derived from the collections Songshi jishi 宋詩紀事 by Li E 厲鶚 and Song baijia shicun 宋百家詩存 by Cao Tingdong 曹庭棟.
The Songshichao was printed during the Kangxi reign 康熙 (1662-1722). A new print was published in 1935 by the Shangwu yinshuguan 商務印書館. The Songshichao bu was published by the same press in 1915.


Source: Cao Jiping 曹濟平 (1986). "Songshichao 宋詩鈔", in: Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Zhongguo wenxue 中國文學, vol. 2, p. 787. Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe.

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September 7, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail