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Guiji zhi 會稽志

The Four Categories of Literature
(Jiatai) Guiji zhi (嘉泰)會稽志 "Gazetteer of Guiji (from the Jiatai reign)" is a local gazetteer of Shaoxing 紹興, Zhejiang, compiled by the Southern Song period 南宋 (1127-1279) scholars Shen Zuobin 沈作賓 and Shi Su 施宿. The 20 juan "scrolls" long book was finished in 1201. It is divided into 117 chapters, covering the administrative history of the state of Yue 越, the commandery (jun 郡) of Guiji 會稽, the prefecture (zhou 州) of Yuezhou 越州 and than the prefecture (fu 府) of Shaoxing 紹興府 through the ages, customs and habits, the highest state officials, examination candidates, military garrisons, tax system, palaces and monasteries, landscape and eminent persons. The part on the garrisons is very detailed and provides excellent material for the study of the Song period armies. Another interesting part is that on hydraulic works which is a valuable source on dams and dykes, sluices and the irrigation and drainage system in Song China. The region is connected with Yu the Great 大禹 who tamed the floods of China, and is the home of his alleged tomb. The biographies of eminent persons like the rebel Fang La 方臘 or scholars like Yan Guang 嚴光, Wang Chong 王充, Xie Xuan 謝玄 and Wang Xizhi 王羲之 are very detailed and provide more information that the official dynastic histories do. Wang Xizhi' calligraphy Lantingxu 蘭亭序 is described as an important cultural relic.
The original print from the Jiatai reign 嘉泰 (1201-1204) is lost, but a facsimile from 1510 has survived. The Guijizhi was reprinted in 1808 and is included in the collectanea Zhongguo fangzhi congshu 中國方志叢書, as well as in the imperial collectanea Siku quanshu 四庫全書.

1 越 Yue The state of Yue
會稽郡 Guiji jun The commandery of Guiji
越州 Yuezhou The prefecture of Yuezhou
紹興府 Shaoxing fu The prefecture of Shaoxing
歴代屬郡 Lidai shu jun Subordinated commanderies in history
歴代屬縣 Lidai shu xian Subordinated discricts in history
廢州 Feizhou Abolished prefectures
廢縣 Feixian Abolished districts
分野 Fenye The countryside
風俗 Fengsu Customs and habits
州境并至京地里 Zhoujing bing zhi Jing dili The distance of locations in the prefecture to the capital
城郭 Chengguo City and city wall
子城 Zicheng Outer city walls
學校 Xuexiao Schools
縣學 Xianxue District schools
社稷 Sheji Local soil-and-grain altars
諸縣社稷 Zhuxian sheji Local altars of the districts
貢院 Gongyuan The court of tributary students
教場 Jiaochang Examination spots
古城 Gucheng The old city
簽廳 Qianting Notaries of the administrative assistant
府廨 Fuxie Offices of the prefectural administration
西園 Xiyuan The Western Garden
2 王 Wang Princes
都尉 Duwei Commanders-in-chief
内史 Neishi Inner administration of the princes' court
太守 Taishou Governors
守鄉郡 Shou xiangjun Administration of the towns and commanderies
3 節度使 Jiedushi Military commissioners
安撫使 Anfushi Pacification commissioners
都總管 Duzongguan Chief area command
提刑司 Tixingsi The judicial commission
提舉司 Tijusi Other commissions
通判廨舍 Tongpan xieshe The office of the controller-general
路鈐轄廨舍 Luqian xia xieshe Offices under the miliary administration
正副將 Zheng-fu jiang Generals and lieutenant generals
都監 Dujian Eunuch directors-in-chief
三司屬官 Sansi shu guan Officials of the State Finance Commission
職官曹廨舍 Zhiguan caoxie she Offices under the sections of the local administration
縣令長 Xianlingzhang District magistrates
進士 Jinshi Metropolitan graduates
4 軍營 Junying Military garrisons
衢巷 Quxiang Quarters and barracks
館驛 Guanyi Courier stations
郵置 Youzhi Postal stations
Yu Jails
Shi Markets
Yan Dams
斗門 Doumen The Dou Gate
5 戸口 Hukou Population registers
賦稅 Fushui Taxes
折變 Zhebian Exchange rates
課利 Keli Surcharges
雜貢 Zagong Various tributes
6 陵寢 Lingqin Tomb mounds
濮王園廟 Puwang yuanmiao The temple garden of the Prince of Pu
大禹陵 Da Yu mu The tomb of Yu the Great
祠廟 Simiao Shrines and temples
冡墓 Zhoumu Tombs
7 宫觀寺院 Gongguan siyuan Daoist and Buddhist monasteries
8 寺院 Siyuan Buddhist monasteries
9 山 Shan Mountains
10 水 Shui Rivers
Hu Lakes
隄塘 Titang Reservoirs
Chi Ponds
Tan Lakes
11 泉 Quan Sources
Jing Wells
Dong Caves
Shi Stones
津渡 Jindu Fords
橋梁 Qiaoliang Bridges
12 八縣 Baxian The eight districts
13 鏡湖 Jinghu The Jing Lake
守禦 Shouyu Defense
討賊 Taozei Warding off bandits
平亂 Pingluan Appeasing rebellions
社倉 Shecang Local granaries
義田 Yitian Public fields
節序 Jiexu On sparingness
送迎 Songying Farewell and welcome
義門 Yimen The Yi Gate
園池 Yuanchi The Yuan Lake
古第宅 Gu dizhai Old studies
古器物 Gu qiwu Antiques
漏澤園 Louzeyuan The Louze Garden
14 人物 Renwu Eminent persons
經學 Jingxue Scholars
文章 Wenzhang Literati
節義 Jieyi Modest persons
孝行 Xiaoxing Filial persons
隱遯 Yindun Hidden worthies
貞婦烈女 Zhenfu lienü Outstanding women
15 相輔 Xiangfu Counsellors
侍從 Shicong Court officials
神仙 Shenxian Imortals
高僧 Gaoseng Monks
伎術 Jishu Magicians
16 翰墨 Hanmo Calligraphers
碑刻 Beike Stone inscriptions
求遺書 Yiuyishu In the search for lost books
藏書 Cangshu Libraries
17 草部 Cao Herbs
木部 Shui Trees
蟲部 Chong Worms and insects
魚部 Yu Fishes
鳥部 Niao Birds
獸部 Shou Quadrupeds
藥石部 Yaoshi Medicine and healthy minerals
Zhi Paper
Yan Salt
日鑄茶 Rizhucha The rizhu tea
布帛 Bubo Fabric and textiles
18 拾遺 Shiyi Collected leftovers
19 雜記 Zaji Miscellaneous records
20 古詩文 Gu shiwen Old poems and prose

Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 169.

March 21, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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