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Qianlong neifu yutu 乾隆內府輿圖

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Qianlong neifu yutu 乾隆內府輿圖 "Imperial atlas of the Imperial Secretariat from the Qianlong Reign" is an official imperial geography from the mid-Qing period 清 (1644-1911). In 1756 the Qianlong Emperor 乾隆 (r. 1736-1795) ordered drawing a map of the Qing empire in order to actualize the Huangyu quantu 皇輿全圖 map from the Kangxi reign 康熙 (1662-1722). It was finished in 1772 and is known under the names Qing Qianlong neifu yutu 清乾隆內府輿圖 "Imperial atlas of the imperial secretariat from the Qianlong reign", Qianlong huangyu quantu 乾隆皇輿全圖 "Complete atlas of the empire from the Qianlong reign", Yudi quantu 輿地全圖 "The whole atlas of the empire", or Qianlong shisan pai tu 乾隆十三排圖 "The Qianlong map in 13 rows".
The technical difference to the earlier Kangxi map is significant, especially in the newly conquered territories in the west (xinjiang 新疆 the "new territories") and in Tibet, which had become a protectorate by the mid-18th century.
After the completion the French missionary Michel Benoist (Chinese name Jiang Youren 蔣友仁, 1715-1774) was ordered to manufacture a print of the map. The map was thereupon only printed in one copy that was stored in the imperial secretariat. Only the emperor and his highest ministers had access to the map. In 1925 the Palace Museum 故宮博物院 received the map and the related 105 copper plates which made it possible to reprint the map in 1932. The name of the map was added to the prints at that time.

Source: Chen Kewei 陳可畏 (1992), "Qing Qianlong neifu yutu 清乾隆內府輿圖", in Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Zhongguo lishi 中國歷史 (Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe), Vol. 2, p. 840.

September 14, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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