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Qianshi 黔史

Sep 30, 2019 © Ulrich Theobald

Qianshi 黔史 is a history of the province of Guizhou written during the Qing period 清 (1644-1911) by You Faxian 猶法賢 (jinshi degree 1762), courtesy name Xinlu 心魯 or Youqiao 酉樵, from Weng'an 甕安 in Guizhou.

The book of 4 juan is written in an annalistic style and reports the history of that southwestern region from the year 280 BCE on, when it was first conquered by the troops of Qin 秦 (221-206 BCE), down to the Jiaqing reign-period 嘉慶 (1796-1820). The chapters deviate somewhat from the typical local gazetters and provide information on the administrative history, military affairs, economy, local tribes, omina, diseases, and many more.

The primary sources were the official dynastic histories, lists of officials, private chronicles and unofficial histories. There is a preface written by Chen Ju 陳榘. It was printed in 1888 as part of the series Qianzhi si zhong 黔志四種, edited by Xiong Zhanying 熊湛英.

Sources:
Gao Wende 高文德, ed. (1995). Zhongguo shaoshu minzu shi da cidian 中國少數民族史大辭典(Changchun: Jilin jiaoyu chubanshe), 2552.
Liu Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文郁, ed. (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, 917.