An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

Simingshan zhi 四明山志

Oct 6, 2019 © Ulrich Theobald

Simingshan zhi 四明山志 is a book on Mt. Siming 四明山 in the district of Yuyao 余姚 close to Ningbo 寧波, Zhejiang. The book was written by Huang Zongxi 黃宗羲 (1610-1695), whose family hailed from the region. He often wandered through the mountain with its "seventy peaks" and once began to collect written information on it, revised these sources critically, and then began to compile a book. The result has a length of 9 juan.

Some reviewers argue that the poems and prose writings quoted by Huang were too long or occupied too much space. Another shortcoming is that the author integrated writings of his own friends which had actually nothing to do with the topic of the book. Nonetheless, Gu's book attracted attention, as can be seen by the prefaces written by Zhu Yizun 朱彝尊 (1629-1709), Song Dingye 宋定業, Jin Zhijing 靳治荊 and the author's brother Huang Zongyi 黃宗裔.

The book was begun in 1642 and finished (after revision) in 1673. It was first printed in 1702. The text is included in the series Siming congshu 四明叢書, published in 1940.

Table 1. Contents of the Simingshan zhi 四明山志
1 名勝 Tourist spots
2 伽藍 Buddhist monasteries
3 靈跡 Daoist temples
4 題考 Inscriptions
5 丹山圖詠 Maps and poems of Mt. Danshan
6 石田山房詩 Poems from Stone Field Moutain Studio
7 詩括 Poems
8 文括 Prose writings
9 撮殘 Selection of various statements
Chen Weiquan 陳偉權 (2010). "Huang Zongxi Simingshan zhi de lishi jiazhi he xianshi sikao 黃宗羲《四明山志》的歷史價值和現實思考", Ningbo jingji (Sanjiang luntan) 寧波經濟(三江論壇), 2010 (12).
Tang Min 湯敏 (2019). "Wei gushan zhuxin shi: Lun Huang Zongxi Simingshan zhi 為故山著信史——論黃宗羲《四明山志》", Zhejiang shehui kexue 浙江社會科學, 2019 (4).
Wang Zhaoming 王兆明, Fu Langyun 傅朗云, ed. (1991). Zhonghua gu wenxian da cidian 中華古文獻大辭典, Vol. Dili 地理卷 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), 91.
Wu Feng 吳楓, ed. (1987). Jianming Zhongguo guji cidian 簡明中國古籍辭典 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), 240.
Yuan Yi 袁逸 (1986). "Huang Zongxi Simingshan zhi xiaokao 黃宗羲《四明山志》小考", Zhejiang xuekan 浙江學刊, 1986 (5).
Zhang Jialiang 張嘉梁, Wang Jingwei 王經緯, ed. (1992). Ningbo cidian 寧波詞典 (Shanghai: Fudan daxue chubanshe), 298.
Zhang Jie 章潔 (2017). "Shiliao geru youji de dianfan zhi zuo: Jiedu Huang Zongxi de Simingshan zhi 史料融入遊記的典範之作——解讀黃宗羲的《四明山志》", Mingzuo xinshang 名作欣賞, 2017 (8).