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Tianlu linlang shumu 天祿琳瑯書目


The Four Categories of Literature
(Qinding) Tianlu linlang shumu (欽定)天祿琳瑯書目 "(Imperially endorsed) Catalogue of the Tianlu Linlang Library" is an official bibliography of the books stored in the Tianlu Linlang Room 天祿琳瑯室 (meaning "Gems of Heavenly Favour") of the Qianqing Hall 乾清宮 of the Imperial Palace. This library was installed in 1749. The book was compiled in 1775 under the supervision of Yu Minzhong 于敏中. It was 10 juan "scrolls" long and enlarged in 1797 by a supplement (Houbian 後編) of 20 juan compiled under the supervision of Peng Yuanrui 彭元瑞. The more than 1,000 books included in the catalogue (429 in the main text and 663 in the supplement) are very rare copies from the Song 宋 (960-1279) and later periods. All editions are recorded in detail. The books are arranged chronologically in dynasties, and only below the level of dynasties, they are grouped into the traditional four categories of Confucian Classics, histories, masters and philosophers, and belles-lettres. Ming period 明 (1368-1644) reprints of Song and Liao period 遼 (907-1125) books are subsumed under the original time period. For all books, the compilers of the catalogue added important informations about the authors, the process of the compilation, the chapters of the book, and the various existing editions. Important prefaces and postfaces are copied into the catalogue. If books contained an exlibris, this signature was transcribed into a calligraphic kaishu script 楷書 mark.
The arrangement of the Tianlu linlang shumu had a great influence on later official catalogues, especially the Zongmu tiyao 總目提要 catalogue of the collectaneum Siku quanshu 四庫全書. The library was destroyed in 1797 by a fire, and a large part of the books recorded in the bibliography are lost. Shi Tingyong 施廷鏞 therefore compiled a catalogue of surviving copies, the Tianlu linlang cha cun shumu 天祿琳瑯查存書目, and Zhang Yunliang 張允亮 compiled the Tianlu linlang xiancun shumu 天祿琳瑯現存書目. In 1932 the Imperial Palace published a collectaneum including the surviving copies, the Tianlu linlang congshu 天祿琳瑯叢書. These books are now kept in the Palace Museum in Taibei.
The Tianlu lilang shumu itself, together with the supplement, was printed in 1884 by Wang Xianqian 王先謙.

Contents
正編 Zhengbian Original series
1. 宋版經 Song ban jing Confucian Classics from the Song period
2. 宋版史子 Song ban shi, zi Histories and masters from the Song period
3. 宋版集 Song ban ji Belles-lettres from the Song period
金版史 Jin ban shi Histories from the Jin period
4. 影宋抄 Ying Song chao Faksimiles of Song period books
5. 元版經史 Yuan ban jing, shi Confucian Classics and histories from the Yuan period
6. 元版子集 Yuan ban zi, ji Masters and belles-lettres from the Yuan period
7. 明版經 Ming ban jing Confucian Classics from the Ming period
8. 明版史 Ming ban shi Histories from the Ming period
9. 明版子 Ming ban zi Masters from the Ming period
10. 明版集 Ming ban ji Belles-lettres from the Ming period
後編 Houbian Supplementary series
1. 宋版首部(御題) Song ban shoubu (yuti) Song period imperial prefaces
2.-3. 宋版經 Song ban jing Confucian Classics from the Song period
4. 宋版史 Song ban shi Histories from the Song period
5. 宋版子 Song ban zi Masters from the Song period
6.-7. 宋版集 Song ban ji Belles-lettres from the Song period
8. 影宋抄 Ying Song chao Faksimiles of Song period books
遼版經 Liao ban jing Confucian Classics from the Liao period
影遼抄經 Ying Liao chao jing facsimiles of Liao period Classics
金版子 Jin ban zi Masters from the Jin period
元版經 Yuan ban jing Confucian Classics from the Yuan period
9. 元版史 Yuan ban shi Histories from the Yuan period
10. 元版子 Yuan ban zi Masters from the Yuan period
11. 元版集 Yuan ban ji Belles-lettres from the Yuan period
12.-13. 明版經 Ming ban jing Confucian Classics from the Ming period
14.-15. 明版史 Ming ban shi Histories from the Ming period
16.-17. 明版子 Ming ban zi Masters from the Ming period
18.-20. 明版集 Ming ban ji Belles-lettres from the Ming period
明抄 Ming chao Manuscripts from the Ming period

Sources: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 1470. ● Cao Zhi 曹之 (1992), "Tianlu linlang shumu 天祿琳瑯書目", in: Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Tushuguanxue qingbaoxue dang'anxue 圖書館學情報學檔案學 (Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe), p. 416

May 28, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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