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Persons in Chinese History - Huang Kan 皇侃

Periods of Chinese History
Huang Kan 皇侃 (488-545), also written 皇偘, was a Confucian scholar of the Southern Dynasties period 南朝 (420~589). He came from Wujun 吳郡 (modern Suzhou 蘇州, Jiangsu) and was a descendant of Huang Xiang 皇象, regional inspector (cishi 刺史) of Qingzhou 青州 under the regime of the Wu dynasty 吳 (222-280), and a famous calligrapher. He occupied the offices of instructor (zhujiao 助教) in the Directorate of Education (guozijian 國子監), then supernumerary Gentleman Cavalier Attendant (yuanwai sanji shilang 員外散騎侍郎). From his teacher He Yang 賀瑒 he learned a lot about the Confucian Classics, particularly the three ritual texts (Sanli 三禮: Yili 儀禮, Liji 禮記 and Zhouli 周禮), the Xiaojing 孝經 "Book of Filial Piety", and the Lunyu 論語 "Confucian Analects". His analysis of the Analects, Lunyu yishu論語義疏, uses not to many arguments and methods like the traditional Confucians, but serves himself a lot of Daoist ideas and those of the School of Mysteries (xuanxue 玄學), like quietness (jing 靜).
The original text of the Lunyu yishu was lost at the end of the Song period 宋 (960-1279), but a Japanese version has survived and found entrance into the collectaneum Siku quanshu 四庫全書. It is also found in the collection Gugingjie huihan 古經解匯函. This text is the only surviving commentary on the Confucian Classics dating from the Southern Dynasties period.
Huang Kan has also written the commentaries Liji yishu 禮記義疏, Liji jiangshu 禮記講疏 and Xiaojing yishu 孝經義疏. All of them are lost except a few fragments that were collected by the Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Ma Guohan 馬國翰 in his collectaneum Yuhanshanfang jiyi shu 玉函山房輯佚書.


Source: Pang Pu 龐樸 (1997), Zhongguo ruxue 中國儒學 (Shanghai: Dongfang chuban zhongxin), Vol. 2, pp. 90.

February 6, 2014 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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