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An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

China and Russia until 1900

Mar 18, 2020 © Ulrich Theobald

The Treaty of Nerchinsk (1689)

The Treaty of Kyakhta (1727)

The Treaty of Kuldja (1851)

The Treaty of Beijing (1860)

The Second Treaty of Kyakhta (1915)

Nerchinsk (1689) Bura (1727) Kyakhta (1727, 1768, 1792) Kulja (1851) Aigun (1858) Tientsin (1858) Peking (1860) Tarbagatai (1864) Saint Petersburg (1881) Moscow (1896) Peking (1898) Boxer Protocol (1901) Qiqikar (1911) Sino-Soviet Treaty of Peking (1924) Khabarovsk Protocol (1929) Non-Aggression Pact (1937) Treaty of Friendship and Alliance (1945)
Sources:
Sebes, Joseph (1958). The Jesuits and the Sino-Russian Treaty of Nerchinsk (1689): The Diary of Thomas Pereira S.J. (= Bibliotheca Instituti Historici S. I. Bd. 18, ZDB-ID 843749-x). Institutum Historicum S. I., Rom 1961 (Zugleich: Cambridge MA, Harvard-Yenching-Inst., Diss., 1958).
Chen, Vincent (1966). Sino-Russian Relations in the Seventeenth Century (The Hague: Nijhoff).
Frank, V.S. (1947). "The Territorial Terms of the Sino-Russian Treaty of Nerchinsk, 1689", The Pacific Historical Review, August 1947: 265-170.
Gardener, William (1977). "China and Russia: The Beginnings of Contact", History Today, 27: 22-30.
Mancall, Mark (1971). Russia and China: Their Diplomatic Relations to 1728 (xxx: Harvard University Press).
Perdue, Peter C. (2010). "Boundaries and Trade in the Early Modern World: Negotiations at Nerchinsk and Beijing", Eighteenth-Century Studies, 2010: 341-356.
Stolberg, Eva-Maria (2000). "Interracial Outposts in Siberia: Nerchinsk, Kiakhta, and the Russo-Chinese Trade in the Seventeenth/Eighteenth Centuries", Journal of Early Modern History 4 (3-4): 322-336.