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Chinese History - Qing Dynasty Emperors

Periods of Chinese History
Qing Dynasty 清 (1616-1911)
Capital: Mukden or Shengjing 盛景 (modern Shenyang 瀋陽, Liaoning), Beijing 北京
temple name
-----reign periods
personal name
buried in... (name of tomb hill)
Later Jin Dynasty (Houjin) 後金 (1616-1636)
Capital: Mukden (modern Shenyang 瀋陽/Liaoning)
Qing Taizu 清太祖 (r. 1616-1626)
-----Tianming 天命 (ᠠᠪᡴᠠᡳᡶᡠᠯᡳᠩᡤᠠ Abka-i Fulingga) 1616-1626
Aisin Gioro Nurhaci (Nurgaci) 愛新覺羅努邇哈赤[努邇哈齊]")
▲ Qing Fuling 清福陵
Qing Taizong 清太宗 (r. 1626-1643)
-----Tiancong 天聰 (Sure Han) 1627-1635
Dynasty renamed Qing 清 1636
-----Chongde 崇德 (ᠸᡝᠰᡳᡥᡠᠨᡝᡵᡩᡝᠮᡠᠩᡤᡝ Wesihun Erdemungge) 1636-1643
Aisin Gioro Hong Taiji (Abahai, Huang Taiji) 愛新覺羅皇太極
▲ Qing Zhaoling 清昭陵
Qing Dynasty 清 (1636/44-1911)
Qing Shizu 清世祖 (r. 1643-1661)
-----Shunzhi 順治 (ᡳᠵᡳᠰᡥᡡᠨᡩᠠᠰᠠᠨ Ijishūn Dasan) 1644-1661

Southern Ming Dynasty 南明 (1644-1663):
Zhu Yousong 朱由崧, Prince of Fu 南明福王 (r. 1644-1645)
-----Hongguang 弘光 1645
Zhu Yujian 朱聿鍵, Prince of Tang 南明唐王 (r. 1645-1646)
-----Longwu 隆武 1645-1646
Zhu Yuyue 朱聿𨮁, Prince of Tang (2) 南明唐王 (r. 1646)
-----Shaowu 紹武 1646
Zhu Youlang 朱由榔, Prince of Gui 南明桂王 (r. 1646-1661)
-----Yongli 永曆 1647-1661
Zhu Benli 朱本鉝, Prince of Han 南明韓王 (r. 1646-1663)
-----Dingwu 定武 1647-1663

Usurpers Li Zicheng 李自成, Emperor of Dashun 大順 (r. 1644)
-----Yongchang 永昌 1644
Zhang Xianzhong 張獻忠, Emperor of Daxi 大西 (r. 1644-1646)
-----Dashun 大順 1644-1646
Aisin Gioro Fulin 愛新覺羅福臨
▲ Qing Xiaoling 清孝陵
Qing Shengzu 清聖祖 (r. 1661-1722)
-----Kangxi 康熙 (ᡝᠯᡥᡝᡨᠠᡳᡶᡳᠨ Elhe Taifin) 1662-1722

Usurpers Wu Sangui 吳三桂, Emperor of Zhou 周 (r. 1674-1678)
-----Zhaowu 昭武 1678
Wu Shifan 吳世璠, Emperor of Zhou (r. 1678-1681)
-----Honghua 洪化 1679-1681
Geng Jingzhong 耿精忠 (1674-1676)
-----Yumin 裕民 1674-1676
Zhu Yigui 朱一貴 (1721)
-----Yonghe 永和 1721
Aisin Gioro Hiowan Yei (Xuanye) 愛新覺羅玄燁
▲ Qing Jingling 清景陵
Qing Shizong 清世宗 (r. 1722-1735)
-----Yongzheng 雍正 (ᡥᡡᠸᠠᠯᡳᠶᠠᠰᡠᠨᡨᠣᠪ Hūwaliyasun Tob) 1723-1735
Aisin Gioro In Jen (Yinzhen) 愛新覺羅胤禛
▲ Qing Tailing 清泰陵
Qing Gaozong 清高宗 (r. 1735-1796)
-----Qianlong 乾隆 (ᠠᠪᡴᠠᡳᠸᡝᡥᡳᠶᡝᡥᡝ Abka-i Wehiyehe) 1736-1796

Usurper Lin Shuangwen 林爽文 (1786-1788)
-----Shuntian 順天 1786-1788
Aisin Gioro Hung Li (Hongli) 愛新覺羅弘厲
▲ Qing Yuling 清裕陵
Qing Renzong 清仁宗 (r. 1796-1820)
-----Jiaqing 嘉慶 (ᠰᠠᡳᠴᡠᠩᡤᠠᡶᡝᠩᡧᡝᠨ Saicungga Fengšen) 1796-1820
Aisin Gioro Yong Yan (Yongyan) 愛新覺羅顒琰
▲ Qing Changling 清昌陵
Qing Xuanzong 清宣宗 (r. 1820-1850)
-----Daoguang 道光 (ᡩᠣᡵᠣᡝᠯᡩᡝᡵᡝᠩᡤᡝ Doro Eldengge) 1821-1850
Aisin Gioro Min Ning (Minning) 愛新覺羅旻寧
▲ Qing Muling 清慕陵
Qing Wenzong 清文宗 (r. 1850-1861)
-----Xianfeng 咸豐 (ᡤᡠᠪᠴᡳᡝᠯᡤᡳᠶᡝᠩᡤᡝ Gubci Elgiyengge) 1851-1861

Heavenly Kingdom of Greatest Peace (Taiping tianguo) 太平天國 (1851-1864)
Hong Xiuquan 洪秀全 (r. 1851-1864)

Usurper Chen Kai 陳開, Emperor of Dacheng 大成 1855-1861
-----Hongde 洪德 1855-1861
Aisin Gioro I Ju (Yizhu) 愛新覺羅奕詝
▲ Qing Dingling 清定陵
Qing Muzong 清穆宗 (r. 1861-1874)
-----Qixiang 祺祥 1861
-----Tongzhi 同治 (ᠶᠣᡠᠨᡳᠩᡤᠠᡩᠠᠰᠠᠨ Yooningga Dasan) 1862-1874
Aisin Gioro Dzai Šūn (Zaichun) 愛新覺羅載淳
▲ Qing Huiling 清惠陵
Qing Dezong 清德宗 (r. 1874-1908)
-----Guangxu 光緒 (ᠪᠠᡩᠠᡵᠠᠩᡤᠠᡩᠣᡵᠣ Badarangga Doro) 1875-1908
Aisin Gioro Dzai Tiyan (Zaitian) 愛新覺羅載湉
▲ Qing Chongling 清崇陵
The Last Emperor (Modi) 清末帝 (r. 1908-1912; 1917)
-----Xuantong 宣統 (ᡤᡝᡥᡠᠩᡤᡝᠶᠣᠰᠣ Gehungge Yoso) 1909-1912

Nov. 1911 Xinhai Revolution 辛亥革命
Restoration of Empire (Fubi zhengfu 復辟政府) Jul 1-12, 1917
Aisin Gioro Puyi 愛新覺羅溥儀


Source: Zhonguo lishi da cidian bianzuan weiyuanhui 中國歷史大辭典編纂委員會 (ed. 2000), Zhongguo lishi da cidian 中國歷史大辭典, Shanghai: Shanghai cishu chubanshe, vol.2, pp. 3354-3359.

March 19, 2016 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail

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