An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

The House of Qi 祁

Nov 3, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald

The house of Qi 祁, also written 祈, was a noble family in the state of Jin 晉 during the Spring and Autumn period 春秋 (770-5th cent. BCE).

The family descended from Marquis Xian of Jin 晉獻侯 (r. 823-812) and therefore bore the family name Ji 姬. Qi Xi was the first family member elevated to the rank of grand master (dafu 大夫) over the territory of Qi 祁 (modern Qixian 祁縣, Shanxi). The name of the land was later used as a kinsname (shi 氏). The family had many branches like the kinsgroup Qicheng 祁成氏 or Qiye 祈夜氏 (also written Qiyi 祈射).

The most important members of the house of Qi were:

Table 1. Genealogy of the house of Qi 祁
Qi Ju 祁舉 Qi Man 祁暪
Qi Xi 祁奚
Qi Wu 祁午
Qi Ying 祁盈 Qi Sheng 祁勝
Sources: Chunqiu shizu pu, juan 1, fol. 23b. Chunqiu shizu jilüe, juan 1, fol. 34a-34b.
Chen Houyao 陳厚耀 (1800). Chunqiu shizu pu 春秋世族譜 (Lianghu Shuyuan Zhengxuetang edition 兩湖書院正學堂本, 1899).
Chen Mingyuan 陳明遠, Wang Zonghu 汪宗虎, ed. (1995). Zhongguo xingshi cidian 中國姓氏辭典 (Beijing: Beijing chubanshe), 334.
Wang Wenyuan 王文源 (1845). Chunqiu shizu jilüe 春秋世族輯略 (Xuxiu siku quanshu 續修四庫全書. 124).