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Persons in Chinese History

Periods of Chinese History
A B C D E F G H J K L M N O P Q R S T W X Y Z
Transcription: Pinyin. You can also search for persons by pressing keys [Strg][F].


A[top]
Adou 阿斗, see Liu Shan 劉禪

B[top]
Ba caizi 嘉靖八才子, writers (Ming)
ba hu 八虎, the "Eight Tigers", group of powerful chief eunuchs (Ming)
Bai Di 白帝 (one of the mythical Five Emperors, see Di Zhi 帝摯)
Bai Qi 白起 (general of Qin during the Warring States period)
Baili Xi 百里奚 (minister of Qin, Spring and Autumn)
Ban Chao 班超 (general of the early Later Han period)
Ban Jieyu 班婕妤 (female writer of the late Former Han period)
Ban Yong 班勇 (general of the mid-Later Han period)
Ban Zhao 班昭 (sister of Ban Gu and China's first female scholar)
Bao Shen 鮑申, chief minister of Chu (Chunqiu)
Bao Shu Ya 鮑叔牙, minister of Qi (Chunqiu)
Bao Si 褒姒 (consort of King Zhou Youwang)
Bao Shengzhi 暴勝之 (high minister of the late Former Han period)
Bao Xuan 鮑宣 (minister of the late Former Han period)
Bi Gan 比干 (uncle of the last bad king of the Shang)
Bi Gui 畢軌 (high official of the Cao-Wei)
Bian Gong 邊貢, writer (Ming), see Qian qi zi 前七子
Bian Zhang 邊章 (late Eastern Han official)
Bing Ji 丙吉 (high minister of the late Former Han period)
Bing Yuan 邴原 (official, Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Black Emperor (one of the mythical Five Emperors, see Zhuan Xu 顓頊)
Boniu 伯牛, see Ran Boniu 冉伯牛 (disciple of Confucius)
Bo Pi 伯嚭, minister of Wu (Chunqiu)
Bo Yi (Boyi) 伯夷 (worthy during the early Zhou)
Bo Yi 伯益 (柏翳 etc., cultural hero of prehistoric China)
Bu Shi 卜式 (high minister of the mid-Former Han period)

C[top]
Cai Lun 蔡倫, eunuch (Later Han)
Cai Yi 蔡義 (high minister of the mid-Former Han period)
Cai Yong 蔡邕 (Confucian scholar and writer of the Later Han period)
Cai Ze 蔡澤 (minister of Qin during the Warring States period)
Can Cong 蠶叢 (mythological inventor of sericulture and first ruler of Shu)
Can Nü 蠶女 (mythical girl related with the invention of silkworm breeding)
Cang Ci 倉慈, official of the Cao-Wei
Cang Di 蒼帝 (one of the mythical Five Emperors, see Fu Xi 伏羲)
Cang Gong 倉公, see Chunyu Yi 淳于意 (famous physician of the Former Han period)
Cang Jie 倉頡 (mythological inventor of the Chinese script)
Cao Cao 曹操 (warlord of the end of the Later Han period)
Cao Chun 曹純 (military commander, Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Cao Fang 曹芳 (ruler of the Cao-Wei dynasty, r. 239-254)
Cao Hong 曹洪 (general, Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Cao Jie 曹節, eunuch (Later Han)
Cao Mao 曹髦 (ruler of the Cao-Wei dyasty, r. 254-260 CE)
Cao Pi 曹丕, see Wei Wendi 魏文帝 (founder of the Cao-Wei dynasty, r. 220-226)
Cao Ren 曹仁 (general, Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Cao Shen 曹參 (Counsellor-in-chief of Han Gaozu)
Cao Shuang 曹爽 (regent of the Cao-Wei)
Cao Teng 曹騰, eunuch (Later Han)
Cao Xi 曹羲 (military official, Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Cao Xiong 曹熊, prince (Cao-Wei)
Cao Xiu 曹休 (Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Cao Xun 曹訓 (military offiical, Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Cao Zhang 曹彰, general (Cao-Wei)
Cao Zhao 曹肇 (military commander, Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Cao Zhen 曹真 (general, Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Cao Zhi 曹植, poet (Cao-Wei)
Chang E 嫦娥 (goddess of the moon)
Chang Lin 常林, official (Cao-Wei)
Chang Hui 常惠 (high official of the mid-Former Han period)
Chao Cuo 晁錯 (high minister of the early Former Han period)
Che Qianqiu 車千秋, see Tian Qianqiu 田千秋 (high minister of the mid-Former Han period)
Chen Deng 陳登 (official of the late Eastern Han)
Chen Dong 陳東, writer (Ming), see Eight Talents
Chen Fan 陳蕃 (high minister and member of the Late Han period anti-eunuch faction)
Chen Fuliang 陳傅良 (Southern Song philosopher)
Chen Jiao 陳矯, official (Cao-Wei)
Chen Jiru 陳繼儒 (Ming writer, painter and book collector)
Chen Li 陳澧 (late Qing period philosopher)
Chen Lin 陳琳, writer (Later Han)
Chen Sheng 陳勝 (rebel against the emperor of Qin)
Chen Ping 陳平 (political advisor of Han Gaozu)
Chen Qun 陳群, official (Cao-Wei)
Chen Rong 陳容 (military commander of the late Eastern Han)
Chen Tang 陳湯 (official of the late Former Han period)
Chen Wannian 陳萬年 (high minister of the late Former Han period)
Chen Xi 陳豨 (general of and rebel against Liu Bang)
Chen Yu 陳餘 (rebel against the Qin dynasty)
Cheng Ben 程本, called Zihuazi 子華子 (philosopher from the Zhou period)
Cheng Cha 成差, general in Qin (Chunqiu)
Cheng Pu 程普 (general of Sun Quan)
Cheng Tang 成湯, see Tang 湯 (founder of the Shang dynasty)
Chenghua 成化, see Ming Xianzong 明憲宗
Cheng Yu 程昱, high official (Cao-Wei)
Chi Di 赤帝 (one of the mythical Five Emperors, see Yan Di 炎帝)
Chi You 蚩尤 (mythological inventor of war, opponent of the Yellow Emperor)
Chong 重 or Zhong (son of Emperor Zhuan Xu)
Chong Li 重黎 or Chong (Zhong) and Li (one or two mythical persons, relatives of Emperor Zhuan Xu)
Chongzhen 崇禎, see Ming Sizong 明思宗
Chu Huaiwang 楚懷王 (ruler of Chu during the Warring States period)
Chu Huaiwang 楚懷王 (nominal emperor after the end of the Qin dynasty)
Chu Zhuangwang 楚莊王 (ruler of Chu during the Spring and Autumn period, one of the five hegemonial lords, r. 613-591)
Chulizi 樗里子 (minister of Qin during the Warring States period)
Chunshen, Lord (Chunshenjun) 春申君 (high minister of Chu during the Warring States period)
Chunyu Kun 淳于髡, coalition advisor of Qi and Wei (Zhanguo)
Chunyu Yi 淳于意 (famous physician of the Former Han period)
Cui Chengxiu 崔呈秀, member of the eunuch faction (Ming), see Wu hu 五虎
Cui Lin 崔林, official (Cao-Wei)
Cui Zhu 崔杼, minister of Qi (Chunqiu)

D[top]
Da Dai 大戴, see Dai De 戴德 (Confucian philosopher of the early Former Han period)
Da Fei 大費, see Bo Yi 伯益 (cultural hero of prehistoric China)
Da Ji 妲己 (consort of King Zhou of the Shang dynasty)
Da Mao Gong 大毛公, see Mao Heng 毛亨 (Confucian philosopher of the Former Han period)
Da Xiahou 大夏侯, see Xiahou Sheng 夏侯勝 (Confucian philosopher of the early Former Han period)
Da Yu 大禹, see Yu the Great (founder of the Xia dynasty)
Dai De 戴德 (Confucian philosopher of the early Former Han period)
Dai Jitao 戴季陶 (Republican philosopher of the Kuo-min-tang)

Dai Sheng 戴聖 (Confucian philosopher of the early Former Han period)
Dai Zhen 戴震 (early Qing philosopher)
Deng Ai 鄧艾, high official, general (Cao-Wei)
Deng Tong 鄧通 (official of the early Former Han period)
Deng Xi 鄧子 (legalist politician of Zheng during the Warring States period, author of the Dengxizi)
Deng Yang 鄧颺 (high official of the Cao-Wei)
Deng Yu 鄧禹 (high minister of the early Later Han period)
Di Jun 帝俊 (cultural hero and mythical emperor)
Di Ku 帝嚳 (one of the mythological Five Emperors)
Di Xin 帝辛, see Zhou, King of Shang 商王紂 (bad last ruler of the Shang dynasty)
Di Zhi 帝摯 (one of the mythological Five Emperors)
Dian Wei 典韋, official (Cao-Wei)
Diao Chan 貂蟬 (beauty with whose help the warlord Dong Zhuo was ruined during the late Han period)
Ding Mi 丁謐 (high official of the Cao-Wei)
Dingwu 定武, see Prince of Han 韓王
Dong Xian 董賢 (minister of the late Former Han period)
Dong Zhao 董昭, high official (Cao-Wei)
Dong Zhongshu 董仲舒 (philosopher)
Dong Zhuo 董卓 (warlord of the end of the Later Han period)
Dongfang Shuo 東方朔 (writer and Daoist master of the mid-Former Han period)
Dongwu 東武, see Prince of Huai 淮王
Dou Qi 斗祁, chief minister of Chu (Chunqiu)
Dou Rong 竇融 (high minister of the early Later Han period)
Dou Wu 竇武 (high minister of the late Later Han period)
Dou Xian 竇憲 (high minister of the mid-Later Han period)
Dou Ying 竇嬰 (high minister of the early Former Han period)
Du Ji 杜畿, official of the Cao-Wei
Du Kang 杜康 (the God of Wine)
Du Xi 杜襲, official (Cao-Wei)
Du Ye 杜鄴 (official of the late Former Han period)
Du Yu 杜預 (Confucian scholar of the Jin period)
Du Yu 杜宇 (mythical king of Shu)
Du Zhou 杜周 (high minister of the mid-Former Han period)
Duan Huizong 段會宗 (official of the late Former Han period)

E[top]
Eight Talents of the Jiajing Reign Period (Jiaqing ba caizi 嘉靖八才子)
Empress Deng 鄧皇后 (Empress He Xi 和熹)
Empress Dou (1) 竇后 (empress of Emperor Wen of the Former Han)
Empress Dowager Dou (2) 竇太后 (empress of Emperor Zhang of the Later Han and regent for Emperor He)
Empress Dowager Liang 梁太后 (consort of Emperor Shun and regent for the emperors Chong, Zhi and Huan)
Empress Lü 呂后 (empress of Han Gaozu, regent for minor emperors, r. 187-180 BCE)
Empress Yuan 元后 Wang Zhengjun 王政君 (consort of Han Yuandi, aunt of Wang Mang)
Er Kuan, see Ni Kuan 兒寬 (high official of the mid-Former Han period)

F[top]
Fan Chou 樊稠 (military commander of the late Eastern Han)
Fan Jiyi 范吉射, see Fan Zhaozi 范昭子
Fan Ju 范雎 (political advisor of the state of Qin)
Fan Kuai 樊噲 (general of the early Former Han period)
Fan Li 范蠡 (minister of Yue during the Warring States period)
Fan Wenzi 范文子 Shi Xie 士燮, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Fan Wuzi 范武子 Shi Hui 士會 or Sui Hui 隨會, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Fan Xianzi 范獻子 Shi Yang 士鞅, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Fan Xuanzi 范宣子 Shi Gai 士匄, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Fan Zhaozi 范昭子 Fan Jiyi 范吉射, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Fan Zhen 范縝, Confucian scholar (Southern Dynasties)
Fang Bao 方苞, philosopher (Qing)
Faxian 法顯 (Buddhist monk travelling to India, Eastern Jin period)
Fang Xiaoru 方孝孺, philosopher (Ming)
Feng Tang 馮唐 (minister of the early Former Han period)
Feng Fengshi 馮奉世 (general of the late Former Han period)
Fucha 夫差 (king of Wu during the Spring and Autumn period, one of the hegemonial lords, r. 495-473)
Fu Gu 傅嘏, thinker (Cao-Wei)
Fu Hao 婦好 (consort of King Wu Ding of the Shang dynasty)
Fu Jiezi 傅介子 (official of the mid-Former Han period)
Fu Kuan 傅寬 (military leader under Han Gaozu)
Fu Qian 服虔 (Confucian scholar of the Later Han period)
Fu Sheng 伏勝 (Confucian scholar of the early Former Han period)
Fu Xi 伏羲 (mythological creator of the universe, one of the mythical Three Augusts)
Fu Xi 傅喜 (official of the late Former Han period)
Fu Xian 傅咸 (writer of the Western Jin)
Fu Xuan 傅玄 (philosopher of the Western Jin)
Fu Yue 傅說 (minister of King Wu Ding of the Shang dynasty)
Fusu 扶蘇 (oldest son of the First Emperor)

G[top]
Gai Kuanrao 蓋寬饒 (official of the late Former Han period)
Gan Bao 干寶 (writer of the Eastern Jin)
Gan Mao 甘茂 (minister of Qin during the Warring States period)
Gan Yannian 甘延壽 (official of the late Former Han period)
Gao Feng 高鳳, powerful eunuch (Ming), see Ba hu 八虎
Gao Lian 高濂 (Ming writer and book collector)
Gao Rou 高柔, official (Cao-Wei)
Gao Tao 皋陶, see Gao Yao 皋陶 (minister of Emperor Shun)
Gao Xin 高辛, see Di Ku 帝嚳
Gao Yang 高陽, see Zhuan Xu 顓頊
Gao Yao 皋陶 (minister of the mythological Emperor Shun)
Gaotang Long 高堂隆, official (Cao-Wei)
Gaotang Sheng 高堂生, Confucian scholar (Former Han)
Ge Hong 葛洪 (Daoist master of the Jin)
Ge Xuan 葛玄 (Daoist master of the Three Kingdoms)
Gengshi Emperor 更始帝, see Liu Xuan 劉玄
Gong Gong 共工 (mythologicyl person taming the floods)
Gong She 龔舍 (official of the late Former Han period)
Gong Sheng 龔勝 (official of the late Former Han period)
Gong Yu 貢禹 (high minister of the late Former Han period)
Gongsun Ao 公孫敖 (high commander of the mid-Former Han period)
Gongsun Du 公孫度 (governor of northeast China in the late Eastern Han)
Gongsun Gong 公孫恭 (governor under the Cao-Wei)
Gongsun Guifu 公孫歸父, prince of Lu (Chunqiu)
Gongsun He 公孫賀 (high official of the mid-Former Han period)
Gongsun Hong 公孫弘 1) retainer of Lord Mengchang and strategist, 2) high minister of the mid-Former Han period
Gongsun Kang 公孫康 (minister under th e Cao-Wei)
Gongsun Long 公孫龍 (philosopher of the Warring States period, author of the Gongsun Longzi)
Gongsun Shu 公孫述 (independant ruler of Sichuan during the reign of Wang Mang)
Gongsun Yan 公孫衍, minister of Wei (Zhanguo)
Gongsun Yuan 公孫淵 (minister under the Cao-Wei)
Gongsun Zan 公孫瓚 (warlord of the end of the Later Han period)
Gongzi Cheng 公子成, prince in Jin (Chunqiu)
Gongzi Hui 公子翬, see Yu Fu 羽父
Gongzi Hui 公子揮, see Yu Fu 羽父
Gongzi Zhang 公子章, prince in Jin (Chunqiu)
Gongzi Zhi 公子縶, prince and minister in Qin (Chunqiu)
Goujian 句踐 (king of Yue during the Spring and Autumn period, one of the hegemonial lords, r. 495- 465)
Gou Mang 句芒 (assistant deity of Emperor Fu Xi)
Green Emperor (one of the mythical Five Emperors, see Fu Xi 伏羲)
Gu Dayong 谷大用 powerful eunuch (Ming), see Ba hu 八虎
Gu Jiegang 顧頡剛 (Republican historian)
Gu Yanwu 顧炎武 (early Qing philosopher)
Gu Yong 谷永 (official of the late Former Han period)
Gu Zuyu 顧祖禹 (late Ming geographer and book collector)
Guan Fu 灌夫 (general of Emperor Jing of the Han dynasty)
Guan Gong 關公, see Guan Yu 關羽 (general of Liu Bei)
Guan Ning 管寧 (scholar, Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Guan Ying 灌嬰 (general of Liu Bang)
Guan Yu 關羽 (general of Liu Bei)
Guan Zhong 管仲 or Guanzi 管子 (legalist politician of the Spring and Autumn period, author of the Guanzi)
Guanqiu Jian 毌丘儉, general (Cao-Wei)
Gui Youguang 歸有光, writer (Ming)
Guiguzi 鬼谷子 (philosopher of the state of Qi during the Warring States period, author of the Guiguzi)
Gun 鯀 (mythological father of Yu the Great)
Guo Huai 郭淮, military commander (Cao-Wei)
Guo Jia 郭嘉 (political advisor of Cao Cao)
Guo Pu 郭璞 (philosopher of the Eastern Jin)
Guo Si 郭汜 (military commander of the late Eastern Han)
Guo Xian 郭憲 (writer of the early Later Han)
Guo Xiang 郭象 (philosopher of the Western Jin)
Guo Yuan 國淵 (minister, Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)

H[top]
Han Aidi 漢哀帝 Liu Xin 劉欣 (ruler of the Former Han dynasty, r. 7-1 BCE)
Han Andi 漢安帝 Liu Hu 劉祜 (ruler of the Later Han dynasty, r. 106-125 CE)
Han Anguo 韓安國 (high minister of the early Former Han dynasty)
Han Changru 韓長孺, see Han Anguo 韓安國 (high minister of the early Former Han dynasty)
Han Chengdi 漢成帝 Liu Ao 劉驁 (ruler of the Former Han dynasty, r. 33-7 BCE)
Han Chongdi 漢沖帝 Liu Bing 劉炳 (ruler of the Later Han dynasty, r. 144-145 CE)
Han Fei 韓非 or Hanfeizi 韓非子 (legalist politician of the Spring and Autumn period and the state of Qin, author of the Hanfeizi)
Han Gaozu 漢高祖 Liu Bang 劉邦 (founder of the Han dynasty, r. 206/02-195 BCE)
Han Guangwudi 漢光武帝 Liu Xiu 劉秀 (first ruler of the Later Han dynasty, r. 25-57 CE)
Han Hao 韓浩 (high official of the Cao-Wei)
Han Hedi 漢和帝 Liu Zhao 劉肇 (ruler of the Later Han dynasty, r. 88-105)
Han Huandi 漢桓帝 Liu Zhi 劉志 (ruler of the Later Han dynasty, r. 146-167 CE)
Han Huidi 漢惠帝 Liu Ying 劉盈 (ruler of the Former Han dynasty, r. 195-188)
Han Ji 韓暨, official (Cao-Wei)
Han Jianzi 韓簡子, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Han Jingdi 漢景帝 Liu Qi 劉啟 (ruler of the Former Han dynasty, r. 157-141 BCE)
Han Jue 韓厥, see Han Xianzi 韓獻子
Han Kangbo 韓康伯 (philosopher of the Eastern Jin)
Han Lingdi 漢靈帝 Liu Hong 劉宏 (ruler of the Later Han dynasty, r. 167-188)
Han Mingdi 漢明帝 (ruler of the Later Han dynasty, r. 57-75 CE)
Han Pingdi 漢平帝 Liu Kan 劉衎 (ruler of the Former Han dynasty, r. 1 BCE-5 CE)
Han Qi 韓起, see Han Xuanzi 韓宣子
Han Shangdi 漢殤帝 Liu Long 劉隆 (ruler of the Later Han dynasty, r. 105-106 CE)
Han Shundi 漢順帝 Liu Bao 劉保 (ruler of the Later Han dynasty, r. 125-144 CE)
Han Sui 韓遂 (regional commander of the late Eastern Han)
Han wang Xin, see Xin, King of Han 韓王信 (feudal lord after the end of the Qin dynasty)
Han Wendi 漢文帝 Liu Heng 劉恆 (ruler of the Former Han dynasty, r. 180-157 BCE)
Han Wudi 漢武帝 Liu Che 劉徹 (ruler of the Former Han dynasty, r. 141-87 BCE)
Han Xiandi 漢獻帝 Liu Xie 劉協 (last ruler of the Later Han dynasty, r. 189-220 CE)
Han Xianzi 韓獻子, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Han Xin 韓信 (rebel against Han Gaozu)
Han Xuandi 漢宣帝 Liu Xun 劉詢 (ruler of the Former Han dynasty, r. 74-49 BCE)
Han Xuanzi 韓宣子, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Han Yanshou 韓延壽 (official of the late Former Han period)
Han Ying 韓嬰 (Confucian philosopher of the early Former Han period)
Han Yuandi 漢元帝 Liu Shi 劉奭 (ruler of the Former Han dynasty, r. 49-33 BCE)
Han Zhangdi 漢章帝 Liu Da 劉炟 (ruler of the Later Han dynasty, r. 75-88 CE)
Han Zhaodi 漢昭帝 Liu Fuling 劉弗陵 (ruler of the Former Han dynasty, 87-74 BCE)
Han Zhidi 漢質帝 Liu Zuan 劉纘 (ruler of the Later Han dynasty, r. 145-146 CE)
He Bing 何並 (official of the late Former Han period)
He Bo 河伯 (the god of the Yellow River)
He Jingming 何景明, writer (Ming), see Qian qi zi 前七子
He Jin 何進 (high minister of the Later Han period)
He Qia 和洽, official (Cao-Wei)
He Wu 何武 (high official of the late Former Han period)
He Xiu 何休 (Confucian scholar of the Later Han period)
He Yan 何晏 (philosopher of the Cao-Wei period)
He Zhuo 何焯, collector and publisher (Qing)
Heguanzi 鶡冠子 (philosopher of the state of Chu during the Warring States period, author of the Heguanzi)
Hei Di 黑帝 (one of the mythical Five Emperors, see Zhuan Xu 顓頊)
Hongguang 弘光, see Prince of Fu 福王
Hongwu 洪武, see Ming Taizu 明太祖
Hongxi 洪熙, see Ming Renzong 明仁宗
Hongzhi 弘治, see Ming Xiaozong 明孝宗
Hou Cang 后倉 (Confucian scholar of the Former Han period)
Hou Lan 侯覽, eunuch (Later Han)
Hou Ji 后稷 (Lord of Millet, ancestor of the Zhou dynasty)
Hou Tu 后土, God(dess) of the Earth
Hou Yi 后羿 (famous mythological archer saving the world)
Hu Jian 胡建 (official of the mid-Former Han period)
Hu Mao 狐毛, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Hu Tu 狐突, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Hu Wei 胡渭, philosopher (Qing)
Hu Yan 狐偃, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Hu Yinglin 胡應麟, collector and publisher (Ming)
Hu Zhao 胡昭 (scholar, Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Hu Zhi 胡質, military commander (Cao-Wei)
Hua Tuo 華佗, physician (Eastern Han)
Hua Xin 華歆, high official (Cao-Wei)
Huan Dou 驩兜 (mythological water hero)
Huan Fan 桓範 (high official of the Cao-Wei)
Huan Jie 桓階, official (Cao-Wei)
Huan Kuan 桓寬 (writer of the Former Han period)
Huan Tan 桓譚 (philosopher of the mid-Han period)
Huang Di 黃帝, see Yellow Emperor
Huang Kan 皇侃, Confucian scholar (Southern Dynasties)
Huang Zhong 黃忠 (general of Shu-Han, Three Kingdoms)
Huang Zongxi 黄宗羲 (philosopher of the early Qing period)
Huangfu Mi 皇甫謐 (philosopher and physician of the Western Jin)
Huhai 胡亥, see Qin Ershihuang 秦二世皇帝 (Second Emperor of Qin, r. 209-207 BCE)
Hui Shi 惠施 (philosopher of the Warring States period)
Humu, Master 胡毋生/胡母生 (Confucian philosopher of the early Former Han period)
Huwu 胡毋, see Humu
Huo Guang 霍光 (powerful minister of the mid-Former Han period)
Huo Qubing 霍去病 (general of the mid-Former Han period)

J[top]
Jade Emperor, see Yuhuang 玉皇
Ji 稷, see Hou Ji 后稷 (Lord of Millet)
Ji An 汲黯 (official of the mid-Former Han period)
Ji Bu 季布 (general of Xiang Yu and minister of the early Former Han period)
Ji Feng 翼奉 (official of the late Former Han period)
Ji Han 嵇含 (writer and botanist of the Western Jin)
Ji Huanzi 季桓子 Jisun Si 季孫斯, nobleman and regent of Lu (Chunqiu)
Ji Kang 嵇康 (thinker of the Western Jin period)
Ji Kangzi 季康子 Jisun Fei季孫肥, nobleman and regent of Lu (Chunqiu)
Ji Pingzi 季平子 Jisun Yiru 季孫意如, nobleman and regent of Lu (Chunqiu)
Ji Wenzi 季文子 Jisun Xingfu 季孫行父, nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Ji Wuzi 季武子 Jisun Su 季孫宿, nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Ji You 季友, prince of Lu (Chunqiu)
Jizi 箕子 (minister of the last king of the Shang)
Jia Hua 賈華, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Jia Ji 賈季, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Jia Juanzhi 賈捐之 (official of the late Former Han period)
Jia Kui 賈逵 (philosopher of the Later Han period)
Jia Kui 賈逵, official (late Eastern Han/Cao-Wei)
Jia Shan 賈山 (independent advisor of the mid-Former Han period)
Jia Tuo 賈佗, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Jia Xu 賈詡 (general of the Cao-Wei)
Jia Yi 賈誼 (official and writer of the early Former Han period)
Jiajing 嘉靖, see Ming Shizong 明世宗
Jian Zhi 監止, see Kan Zhi 闞止
Jian'an qizi 建安七子, group of writers (Later Han)
Jianwen 建文, see Ming Huidi 明惠帝
Jiang Chong 江充 (minister of the mid-Former Han period)
Jiang Ji 蔣濟, high official (Cao-Wei)
Jiang, Master 江公, see Master Jiang of Xiaqiu 瑕丘江公 (Confucian philosopher of the early Former Han period)
Jiang Yong 江永 (mid-Qing scholar and philosopher)
Jiao Hong 焦竑 (philosopher of the late Ming period)
Jiao Xian 焦先 (hermit, Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Jie 桀, see Xia Jie 夏桀 (last ruler of the Xia dynasty)
Jin Midi 金日磾 (high minister of the mid-Former Han period)
Jin She 靳歙 (military leader under Han Gaozu)
Jin Wengong 晉文公 (ruler of Jin during the Warring States period, one of the hegemonial lords, r. 636-628)
Jing Fang 京房 (Confucian scholar of the Former Han period)
Jing Ke 荊軻 (assassin, retainer of Prince Dan of Yan)
Jingtai 景泰, see Ming Daizong 明代宗
Jisun Fei季孫肥, see Ji Kangzi 季康子
Jisun Si 季孫斯, see Ji Huanzi 季桓子
Jisun Su 季孫宿, see Ji Wuzi 季武子
Jisun Xingfu 季孫行父, see Ji Wenzi 季文子
Jisun Yiru 季孫意如, see Ji Pingzi 季平子
Juan Buyi 雋不疑 (high official of the late Former Han period)
Jun 俊, see Di Jun 帝俊 (cultural hero and mythical emperor)

K[top]
Kan Zhi 闞止, minister of Qi (Chunqiu)
Kang Hai 康海, writer (Ming), see Qian qi zi 前七子
Kang Youwei 康有爲 (philosopher and reformer of the late Qing)
Kong Anguo 孔安國 (Former Han period commentator to the Classic Shangshu)
Kong Guang 孔光 (high official of the Former Han period)
Kong Guangsen 孔廣森, philosopher (Qing)
Kong Ji 孔伋 (grandson and disciple of Confucius)
Kong Qiu 孔丘 or Kongzi 孔子 or Kong Ni 孔尼 (Confucius; philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period, founder of Confucianism)
Kong Rong 孔融, writer (Later Han)
Kong Yingda 孔穎達, Confucian scholar (Tang)
Ku 嚳, see Di Ku 帝嚳 (one of the mythical Five Emperors)
Marquis of Kuaicheng 蒯成侯, see Zhou Xie 周緤
Kuai Tong 蒯通 (political advisor in the early Han)
Kuang Heng 匡衡 (high minister of the late Former Han period)

L[top]
Lao Ai 嫪毐, imposter eunuch (Qin)
Laozi 老子 Li Dan 李聃 (Daoist philosopher of the Zhou period. author of the Daodejing)
Lei Zu 嫘祖 (mythical inventor of silk spinning)
Li 黎 (son of Emperor Zhuan Xu)
Li Dian 李典, official (Cao-Wei)
Li Dui 李兌, minister of Zhao (Zhanguo)
Li Feng 李豐 (high official of the Cao-Wei)
Li Gong 李塨 (early Qing philosopher)
Li Gou 李覯, philosopher (Song)
Li Gu 李固 (high minister of the mid-Later Han period)
Li Guang 李廣 (general of the early Former Han period)
Li Guangli 李廣利 (general of the mid-Former Han period)
Li Jue 李傕 (military commander of the late Eastern Han)
Li Kaixian 李開先, writer (Ming), see Eight Talents
Li Ke 里克, minister of Jin (Chunqiu)
Li Kui 李悝 (legalist politician of Wei during the Warring States period)
Li Kuilong 李夔龍, member of the eunuch faction (Ming), see Wu hu 五虎
Li Mengyang 李夢陽, writer (Ming), see Qian qi zi 前七子
Li Shang 酈商 (general of Liu Bang)
Li Sheng 李勝 (high official of the Cao-Wei)
Li Si 李斯 (high minister of Qin)
Li Tong 李通, official (Cao-Wei)
Li Shiqi 酈食其, see Li Yiji (advisor of Liu Bang)
Li Xuanshi 李選侍 (imperial consort, late Ming)
Li Xun 李尋 (minister of the late Former Han period)
Li Yiji 酈食其 (advisor of Liu Bang)
Li Ying 李膺 (high minister and member of the Late Han period anti-eunuch faction)
Li Yong 李顒 (early Qing period philosopher)
Li Zhi 李贄, philosopher (Ming)
Liang Huiwang 梁惠王 (ruler of Wei during the Warring States period)
Liang Mao 涼茂 (minister, Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Liang Xiaowang 梁孝王 Liu Wu 劉武 (brother of Emperor Jingdi)
Liangqiu He 梁丘賀 (Confucian philosopher of the late Former Han period)
Liezi 列子 Lie Yukou 列御寇 (Daoist philosopher of the Warring States period, author of the Liezi)
Lian Po 廉頗 (general of Zhao during the Warring States period)
Liang Ji 梁冀 (powerful minister of the mid-Later Han period)
Liang Mao 涼茂 (Later Han/Three Kingdoms)
Liang Xi 梁習, official (late Eastern Han/Cao-Wei)
Lin Xiangru 藺相如 (general of Zhao during the Warring States period)
Ling Lun 伶倫 (mythological inventor of musical temperation)
Liu An 劉安, Prince of Huainan 淮南 (prince of the Former Han period, mentor of the Huainanzi)
Liu Bang 劉邦, see Han Gaozu 漢高祖
Liu Bei 劉備 (founder of the Shu-Han dynasty, r. 221-222)
Liu Bian 劉辯 (infant ruler of the Later Han dynasty, r. 189 CE)
Liu Biao 劉表 (warlord of the end of the Later Han period)
Liu Chan, see Liu Shan 劉禪
Liu Fei 劉肥, see Qi Daohuiwang 齊悼惠王
Liu Fu 劉輔 (official of the late Former Han period)
Liu Fu 劉馥, official (late Eastern Han/Cao-Wei)
Liu He 劉賀 (short-time emperor of the Former Han period)
Liu Jia 劉賈, Prince of Jing 荊 (relative of Emperor Gaozu of the Han dynasty)
Liu Jiao 劉交, see Chu Yuanwang 楚元王
Liu Jin 劉瑾, powerful eunuch (Ming)
Liu Jing 劉敬, see Lou Jing 婁敬 (advisor to Han Gaozu)
Liu Ling 劉伶 (thinker of the Western Jin period)
Liu Penzi 劉盆子 (first emperor after the downfall of Wang Mang)
Liu Pi 劉濞, Prince of Wu 吳王 (nephew of Emperor Han Gaozu)
Liu Quli 劉屈氂 (high official of the mid-Former Han period)
Liu Shan 劉禪 (last ruler of the Shu-Han dynasty, r. 223-263 CE)
Liu Shao 劉劭, philosopher (Cao-Wei)
Liu Wu 劉武, see Liang Xiaowang 梁孝王 (brother of Emperor Jingdi)
Liu Xiang 劉向 (bibliographer of the late Former Han period)
Liu Xin 劉歆 (bibliographer and philosopher of the late Former Han period)
Liu Xuan 劉玄, the Gengshi Emperor 更始帝 (ruler ending the usurpation of Wang Mang)
Liu Yan 劉焉 (high local official of the Later Han period)
Liu Yi 劉懿 (infant ruler of the Later Han dynasty, r. 125 CE)
Liu Yi 劉廙, thinker (Cao-Wei)
Liu Yu 劉虞 (high minister of the Later Han period)
Liu Ze 劉澤, see Yan Jingwang 燕敬王 (relative of Emperor Gaozu of the Han dynasty)
Liu Zhen 劉楨, writer (Later Han)
Longqing 隆慶, see Ming Muzong 明穆宗
Longwu 隆武, see Prince of Tang 唐王 (1)
Lord of Millet, see Hou Ji 后稷
Lou Jing 婁敬 (advisor to Han Gaozu)
Lu Deming 陸德明, Confucian scholar (Tang)
Lu Jia 陸賈 (political advisor of Han Gaozu, author of Xinyu)
Lu Jiuyuan 陸九淵 (Southern Song philosopher)
Lu Su 魯肅 (general of Su Quan)
Lu Wan 盧綰 (general of and rebel against Liu Bang)
Lu Wenshu 路溫舒 (official of the mid-Former Han period)
Lu Xinyuan 陸心源 (late Qing book collector)
Lu Yu 盧毓, official (Cao-Wei)
Lu Zhi 盧植 (Confucian philosopher of the late Later Han period)
Lu Zhonglian 魯仲連 (political advisor of the Warring States period)
Lü Bu 呂布 (warlord at the end of the Later Han period)
Lü Buwei 呂不韋 (high minister of Qin during the Warring States period, mentor of the compilation Lüshi chunqiu)
Lü Gao 呂高, writer (Ming), see Eight Talents
Lü Hou 呂后, see Empress Lü
Lü Kun 呂坤 (thinker of the late Ming period)
Lü Meng 呂蒙 (general of Sun Quan)
Lü Qian 呂虔, official (Cao-Wei)
Lü Qiang 呂強, eunuch (Later Han)
Lü Zuqian 呂祖謙 (Northern Song philosopher)
Luan Bu 欒布 (minister of the early Former Han period)
Luan Cheng 欒成, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Luan Shu 欒書, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Luan Wuzi 欒武子, see Luan Shu 欒書
Luan Ying 欒盈, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Luan Zhi 欒枝, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Luo Shen 洛神 (goddess of the River Luo)
Luo Xiang 羅祥, powerful eunuch (Ming), see Ba hu 八虎

M[top]
Ma Chao 馬超 (regional commander of the late Eastern Han)
Ma Gong 馬宮 (high official of the late Former Han period)
Ma Rong 馬融 (Confucian scholar of the mid-Later Han period)
Ma Shiying 馬士英, high minister (Southern Ming)
Ma Yongcheng 馬永成, powerful eunuch (Ming), see Ba hu 八虎
Ma Yuan 馬援 (general of the early Later Han period)
Man Chong 滿寵, military commander (Cao-Wei)
Mao Chang 毛萇 (Confucian philosopher of the Former Han period)
Mao Gong 毛公, see 1) Mao Heng 毛亨 and Mao Chang 毛萇 (Confucian philosophers of the Former Han period) or 2) Duke of Mao high official of the Western Zhou period
Mao Heng 毛亨 (Confucian philosopher of the Former Han period)
Mao Jin 毛晉, collector and publisher (Ming)
Mao Kun 茅坤, writer (Ming)
Mei Dingzuo 梅鼎祚 (Ming poet and book collector)
Mei Fu 梅福 (scholar of the late Former Han period)
Mei Ze 梅賾 (Confucian scholar of the Eastern Jin)
Mengchang, Lord (Mengchangjun) 孟嘗君 (a high minister of Qi during the Warring States period)
Meng Tian 蒙恬 (general of Qin during the Warring States and the Qin period)
Meng Ke 孟軻 or Mengzi 孟子 (Mencius, philosopher of the Warring States period, the second Confucian, protagonist of the collection Mengzi)
Meng Mubo 孟穆伯, see Gongsun Ao 公孫敖
Meng Xi 孟喜 (Confucian philosopher of the early Former Han period)
Meng Xianzi 孟獻子 Zhongsun Mie 仲孫蔑, nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Meng Xiaobo 孟孝伯 Zhongsun Jie 仲孫羯, nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Meng Xizi 孟僖子 Zhongsun Jue 仲孫貜, nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Meng Yizi 孟懿子 Zhongsun Heji 仲孫何忌, nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Meng Zhuangzi 孟莊子 Zhongsun Su 仲孫速, nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Mi Hu 宓戱, see Fu Xi 伏羲 (one of the mythical Three Augusts)
Mi Xi 宓戲, see Fu Xi 伏羲 (one of the mythical Three Augusts)
Min Sun 閔損, see Zijian 子騫 (disciple of Confucius)
Ming Anzong 明安宗, see Prince of Fu 福王
Ming Chengzu 明成祖 Zhu Di 朱棣, the Yongle Emperor 永樂 (r. 1402-1424)
Ming Daizong 明代宗 Zhu Qiyu 朱祁鈺, the Jingtai Emperor 景泰 (r. 1449-1456)
Ming Guangzong 明光宗 Zhu Changluo 朱常洛, the Taichang Emperor 泰昌 (r. 1620)
Ming Huidi 明惠帝 Zhu Xunwen 朱允炆, the Jianwen Emperor 建文 (r. 1398-1402)
Ming Jingdi 明景帝, see Ming Daizong 明代宗
Ming Jingzong 明敬宗, see Prince of Huai 淮王
Ming Muzong 明穆宗 Zhu Zaihou 朱載垕, the Longqing Emperor 隆慶 (r. 1566-1572)
Ming Renzong 明仁宗 Zhu Gaochi 朱高熾, the Hongxi Emperor 洪熙 (r. 1424-1425)
Ming Shaozong 明紹宗, see Prince of Tang 唐王 (1)
Ming Shenzong 明神宗 Zhu Yijun 朱翊鈞, the Wanli Emperor 萬曆 (r. 1572-1619)
Ming Shizong 明世宗 Zhu Houcong 朱厚熜, the Jiajing Emperor 嘉靖 (r. 1521-1566)
Ming Sizong 明思宗 Zhu Youjian 朱由檢, the Chongzhen Emperor 崇禎 (r. 1627-1644)
Ming Taizu 明太祖 Zhu Yuanzhang 朱元璋, the Hongwu Emperor 洪武 (r. 1368-1398)
Ming Wenzong 明文宗, see Prince of Tang 唐王 (2)
Ming Wuzong 明武宗 Zhu Houzhao 朱厚照, the Zhengde Emperor 正德 (r. 1505-1521)
Ming Xizong 明熹宗 Zhu Youjiao 朱由校, the Tianqi Emperor 天啓 (r. 1620-1627)
Ming Xianzong 明憲宗 Zhu Jianshen 朱見深, the Chenghua Emperor 成化 (r. 1464-1487)
Ming Xiaozong 明孝宗 Zhu Youcheng 朱祐樘, the Hongzhi Emperor 弘治 (r. 1487-1505)
Ming Xuanzong 明宣宗 Zhu Zhanji 朱瞻基, the Xuande Emperor 宣德 (r. 1425-1435)
Ming Yizong 明義宗, see Prince of Lu 魯王
Ming Yingzong 明英宗 Zhu Qizhen 朱祁鎮, the Zhengtong 正統 and Tianshun 天順 emperor (r. 1435-1449, 1457-1464)
Ming Zhaozong 明昭宗, see Prince of Gui 桂王
Mo Di 墨翟 or Mozi 墨子 (philosopher of the Warring States, author of the Mozi)
Mo Xi 末喜 (consort of King Jie of the Xia dynasty)
Muqiu Jian 母丘儉, see Guanqiu Jian 毌丘儉

N[top]
Nalan Xingde 納蘭性德, writer and publisher (Qing)
Ni Kuan 兒寬 (倪寬, high official of the mid-Former Han period)
Ni Wenhuan 倪文煥, member of the eunuch faction (Ming), see Wu hu 五虎
Nü Fu (Ru Fu) 女父, general of Qin (Chunqiu)
Nü Wa 女媧 (mythological creatress of the universe, one of the Three Augsuts)

O[top]
Ouyang Gao 歐陽高 (Confucian scholar of the Former Han)
Ouyang Jian 歐陽建 (philosopher of the Western Jin)

P[top]
Pan Geng 盤庚 (ruler of the Shang dynasty)
Pan Gu 盤古 (mythological creator of the world)
Pang De 龐悳, military official (Cao-Wei)
Pang Juan 龐涓 (general of Wei during the Warring States period)
Pang Yu 龐淯, official (Cao-Wei)
Pao Xi 庖犧, see Fu Xi 伏羲 (one of the mythical Three Augusts)
Pei Qian 裴潛, official (Cao-Wei)
Pei Wei 裴頠 (philosopher of the Western Jin)
Peng Xuan 彭宣 (high official of the late Former Han period)
Peng Yue 彭越 (general of Liu Bang, rebel)
Peng Zhongshuang 彭仲爽, chief minister of Chu (Chunqiu)
Peng Zu 彭祖 (Daoist immortal)
Pian Que 扁鵲 (famous physician of the Warring States period)
Ping Dang 平當 (high official of the late Former Han period)
Pingyuan, Lord (Pingyuanjun) 平原君 (high minister of Zhao during the Warring States period)
The Prince of Fu 福王 Zhu Yousong 朱由崧, the Hongguang Emperor 弘光 (r. 1644-1645)
The Prince of Gui 桂王 Zhu Youlang 朱由榔, the Yongli Emperor 永曆 (r. 1646-1661)
The Prince of Han 韓王 Zhu Benli 朱本鉝, the Dingwu Emperor 定武 (r. 1646-1663)
The Prince of Huai 淮王 Zhu Changqing 朱常清, the Dongwu Emperor 東武 (r. 1648-1649)
The Prince of Lu 魯王 Zhu Yihai 朱以海 (r. 1646)
The Prince of Tang 唐王 (1) Zhu Yujian 朱聿鍵, the Longwu Emperor 隆武 (r. 1645-1646)
The Prince of Tang 唐王 (2) Zhu Yuyue 朱聿𨮁, the Shaowu Emperor 紹武 (r. 1646)

Q[top]
Qi Daohuiwang 齊悼惠王 Liu Fei 劉肥 (son of Emperor Han Gaozu)
Qi Huangong 齊桓公 (ruler of Qi during the Spring and Autumn period, first hegemonial lord, r. 685-643)
Qi Taigong 齊太公 Lü Shang 呂尚 (a minister and general of King Wu of Zhou, author of the Liutao)
Qi Wu 祁午, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Qi Xi 祁奚, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Qi Ying 祁盈, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Qian Zhao 牽招, official (Cao-Wei)
Qin Ershihuang 秦二世皇帝 Ying Huhai 嬴胡亥 (Second Emperor of Qin, r. 209-207 BCE)
Qin Mugong 秦穆公 (ruler of Qin during the Spring and Autumn period, one of the five hegemonial lords, r. 659-621)
Qin Shihuang 秦始皇 Ying Zheng 嬴政 (First Emperor of Qin, r. 246/221-210 BCE)
Qin wang Ziying 秦王子嬰 (last ruler of the Qin dynasty, r. 206)
Qing Bu 黥布, see Ying Bu 英布 (feudal lord at the end of the Qin; rebel against Liu Bang)
Qing Di 青帝 (one of the mythical Five Emperors, see Fu Xi 伏羲)
Qing Feng 慶封, minister of Qi (Chunqiu)
Qing Fu 慶父, prince of Lu (Chunqiu)
Qing Pu 慶普, Confucian scholar (Former Han)
Qing Qin 卿秦 (慶秦), general of Yan (Zhanguo)
Qiu Ju 丘聚, powerful eunuch (Ming), see Ba hu 八虎
Qu Yuan 屈原 (high minister of Chu during the Warring States period, author of the poems Chuci)
Queen Mother of the West, see Xi Wang Mu 西王母

R[top]
Ran Boniu 冉伯牛 (disciple of Confucius)
Ran Geng 冉耕, see Ran Boniu 冉伯牛 (disciple of Confucius)
Ran Qiu 冉求, see Ziyou 子有 (disciple of Confucius)
Ran Yong 冉雍, see Zhonggong 仲弓 (disciple of Confucius)
Ran You 冉有, see Ziyou 子有 (disciple of Confucius)
Rang, Marquis (Rang Hou) 穰侯 Wei Ran 魏冉 (high minister of Qin during the Warring States period)
Red Emperor (one of the mythical Five Emperors, see Yan Di 炎帝)
Ren Ao 任敖 (minister of the early Former Han period)
Ren Han 任瀚, writer (Ming), see Eight Talents
Ren Jun 任峻, official of Cao Cao, Later Han
Ru Shou 蓐收 (assistant deity of Emperor Di Zhi)
Ruan Ji 阮籍 (thinker of the Western Jin period)
Ruan Xian 阮咸 (musician of the Western Jin period)
Ruan Yu 阮瑀, writer (Later Han)
Ruzi Ying 孺子嬰 (last ruler of the Former Han dynasty, r. 6-8 CE)

S[top]
San Cao 三曹, the Three Caos, writers, see also Cao Cao 曹操, Cao Pi 曹丕, Cao Zhi 曹植
San Huan 三桓, three powerful noble families of the state of Lu (Chunqiu)
Sang Hongyang 桑弘羊 (high minister of the mid-Former Han period)
Shan Chao 單超, eunuch (Later Han)
Shan Tao 山濤 (writer of the Cao-Wei period)
Shang wang Zhou 商王紂, King Zhou of the Shang dynasty (last ruler of the Shang)
Shang Yang 商鞅 (legalist politician of the Warring States period, author of Shangjunshu)
Shangguan An 上官安 (high ministr of the mid-Former Han period)
Shangguan Jie 上官桀 (high ministr of the mid-Former Han period)
Shao Dian 少典 (father of the Yellow Emperor and the Red Emperor)
Shao Gong Shi 召公奭 (high minister of the early Zhou period)
Shao Kanggong 邵康公, see Shao Gong Shi 召公奭
Shao Hao 少昊 (one of the mythical Five Emperors, see Di Zhi 帝摯)
Shao Hao 少皞 (one of the mythical Five Emperors, see Di Zhi 帝摯)
Shaowu 紹武, see Prince of Tang 唐王 (2)
Shun 舜 (mythical emperor)
Shen Buhai 申不害 (legalist politician of Han during the Warring States period, author of the Shenzi 申子)
Shen Dao 慎到 (legalist philosopher from Qi during the Warring States period, author of the Shenzi 慎子)
Shen Nong 神農 (mythical inventor of pharmacology and agriculture, one of the Three Augusts, see also Yan Di 炎帝)
Shen Gong 申公, see Shen Pei 申培 (Confucian philosopher of the early Former Han period)
Shen Pei 申培 (Confucian philosopher of the early Former Han period)
Shentu Jia 申屠嘉 (minister of the early Former Han period)
Shi Chou 施讎 (Confucian philosopher of the late Former Han period)
Shi Dan 史丹 (high minister of the late Former Han period)
Shi Dan 師丹 (high minister of the late Former Han period)
Shi Fen 石奮 (minister of the early Former Han period)
Shi Gai 士匄, see Fan Xuanzi 范宣子
Shi Huan 史渙 (follower of Cao Cao, late Eastern Han)
Shi Hui 士會, see Fan Wuzi 范武子
Shi Wei 士蒍, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Shi Xian 石顯 (minister of the late Former Han period)
Shi Xie 士燮, see Fan Wenzi 范文子
Shi Yang 士鞅, see Fan Xianzi 范獻子
Shizi 尸子 Shi Jiao 尸佼 (philosopher from Lu during the Warring States period, author of the Shizi)
Shu Guang 疏廣 (Confucian scholar of the late Former Han period)
Shu Shou 疏受 (Confucian scholar of the late Former Han period)
Shu Xi 束晳 (philosopher of the Western Jin)
Shu Ya 叔牙, prince of Lu (Chunqiu)
Shuxiang 叔向, see Yangshe Xi 羊舌肸
Shun 舜 (one of the mythological Five Emperors)
Shusun Bao 叔孫豹, see Shusun Muzi 叔孫穆子
Shusun Bugan 叔孫不敢, see Shusun Chengzi 叔孫成子
Shusun Chengzi 叔孫成子 Shusun Bugan 叔孫不敢, nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Shusun Daibo 叔孫戴伯 Shusun Zi 叔孫茲, nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Shusun Dechen 叔孫得臣, see Shusun Zhuangshu 叔孫莊叔
Shusun Qiaoru 叔孫僑如, see Shusun Xuanbo 叔孫宣伯
Shusun She 叔孫舍, see Shusun Zhaozi 叔孫昭子
Shusun Muzi 叔孫穆子 Shusun Bao 叔孫豹, nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Shusun Tong 叔孫通 (Confucian scholar at the court of Liu Bang)
Shusun Wushu 叔孫武叔 Shusun Zhouchou 叔孫州仇, nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Shusun Xuanbo 叔孫宣伯 Shusun Qiaoru 叔孫僑如, nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Shusun Zhaozi 叔孫昭子 Shusun She 叔孫舍, nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Shusun Zhouchou 叔孫州仇, see Shusun Wushu 叔孫武叔
Shusun Zhuangshu 叔孫莊叔 Shusun Dechen 叔孫得臣, nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Shusun Zi 叔孫茲, see Shusun Daibo 叔孫戴伯
Shuzhang Bao 庶長鮑, general of Qin (Chunqiu)
Shuzhang Wu 庶長武, general of Qin (Chunqiu)
Shuzhong Huibo 叔仲惠伯, minister of Lu (Chunqiu)
Sima Biao 司馬彪 (historian and philosopher of the Western Jin)
Sima Cuo 司馬錯, general of Qin (Zhanguo)
Sima Lang 司馬朗, official (late Eastern Han/Cao-Wei)
Sima Rangju 司馬穰苴 (general of Qi during the Warring States period, alleged author of the military treatise Simafa)
Sima Qian 司馬遷 (historian of the Former Han period)
Sima Shi 司馬師 (general of the Cao-Wei, ancestor of the Jin)
Sima Tan 司馬談 (historian of the mid-Former Han period)
Sima Xiangru 司馬相如 (poet of the Former Han)
Sima Yi 司馬懿 (regent of the Cao-Wei, ancestor of the Jin)
Sima Zhao 司馬昭 (regent of the Cao-Wei)
Song Xianggong 宋襄公 (ruler of Song during the Spring and Autumn period, one of the five hegemonial lords, r. 650-637)
Song Xing 宋銒 (philosopher from the state of Qi during the Warring states period)
Su Jian 蘇建 (military commander of the mid-Former Han period)
Sunü 素女 (inventor of the small zither)
Su Qin 蘇秦 (political advisor of the Warring States period)
Su Wu 蘇武 (high minister of the mid-Former Han period)
Su Ze 蘇則, official of the Cao-Wei
Sui Hong 眭弘 (official of the late Former Han period)
Sui Hui 隨會, see Fan Wuzi 范武子
Sui Ren 燧人 (one of the mythologiccal Three Augusts, inventor of fire)
Sun Bao 孫寶 (official of the late Former Han period)
Sun Bin 孫臏 (general of the state of Qi during the Warring States period, author of the Sun Bin bingfa)
Sun Ce 孫策 (warlord at the end of the Later Han period)
Sun Cheng 孫程, eunuch (Later Han)
Sun Chuo 孫綽 (philosopher of the Eastern Jin)
Sun Hao 孫皓 (ruler of the Wu dynasty, r. 264-280)
Sun Jian 孫堅 (warlord of the end of the Later Han period)
Sun Li 孫禮, official (Cao-Wei)
Sun Liang 孫亮 (ruler of the Wu dynasty, r. 252-258 CE)
Sun Qifeng 孫奇逢 (early Qing period philosopher)
Sun Quan 孫權 (founder of the Wu dynasty, r. 222-252)
Sun Wu 孫武 (general of the state of Wu during the Warring States period, author of the Sunzi bingfa)

T[top]
Tai Hao 太昊 (one of the mythical Five Emperors, see Fu Xi 伏羲)
Tai Hao 太皞 (one of the mythical Five Emperors, see Fu Xi 伏羲)
Tang 唐, see Yao
Tang the Perfect 成湯 (founder of the Shang dynasty)
Tang Shunzhi 唐順之, writer (Ming), see Eight Talents
Taicang Gong 太倉公, see Chunyu Yi 淳于意 (famous physician of the Former Han period)
Taichang 泰昌, see Ming Guangzong 明光宗
Tao Qian 陶謙 (high local official of the Later Han period)
Tao Tang 陶唐, see Yao 堯 (mythical emperor)
Tian Chang 田常 (minister of Qi during the Warring States period)
Tian Chou 田疇 (follower of Cao Cao, late Eastern Han)
Tian Dan 田單 (general of Qi during the Warring States period)
Tian Dan 田儋 (feudal lord after the end of the Qin)
Tian Fen 田蚡 (powerful minister during the Former Han period)
Tian Ji 田忌 (general of Qi during the Warring States period)
Tian Ji 田吉, member of the eunuch faction (Ming), see Wu hu 五虎
Tian Jingzhong 田敬仲 (prince of Chen, ancestor of the house of Tian, rulers of Qi during the Warring States period)
Tian Qianqiu 田千秋 (high minister of the mid-Former Han period)
Tian Shu 田叔 (minister of the early Former Han period)
Tian Yu 田豫, military commander (Cao-Wei)
Tianqi 天啓, see Ming Xizong 明熹宗
Tianshun 天順, see Ming Yingzong 明英宗
Tu'an Gu 屠岸賈, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)

W[top]
Wang Anshi 王安石, politician (Song)
Wan Sida 萬斯大, philosopher (Qing)
Wan Sitong 萬斯同, philosopher and historian (Qing)
Wanli 萬曆, see Ming Shenzong 明神宗
Wanshi Jun 萬石君, see Shi Fen 石奮 (minister of the early Former Han period)
Wang Bao 王褒 (poet of the mid-Former Han period)
Wang Ben 王賁, general of Qin (Zhanguo)
Wang Bi 王弼 (Confucian scholar of the Cao-Wei period)
Wang Can 王粲, writer and thinker (Cao-Wei)
Wang Chang 王昶, high official (Cao-Wei)
Wang Chong 王充 (philosopher of the early Later Han period)
Wang Di 望帝, see Du Yu 杜宇
Wang Feng 王鳳 (high minister of the late Former Han period)
Wang Fuzhi 王夫之 (early Qing philosopher)
Wang Guan 王觀, official (Cao-Wei)
Wang Ji 王吉 (high minister of the late Former Han period)
Wang Ji 王基, military commander (Cao-Wei)
Wang Jia 王嘉 (high minister of the late Former Han period)
Wang Jun 王駿 (high minister of the late Former Han period)
Wang Jian 王翦 (general of Qin during the Warring States period)
Wang Jiusi 王九思, writer (Ming), see Qian qi zi 前七子
Wang Lie 王烈 (official, Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Wang Ling 王陵 (high minister of Liu Bang)
Wang Ling 王淩, high official, general (Cao-Wei)
Wang Mang 王莽 (usurper ending the Former Han dynasty and establishing the Xin dynasty, r. 8-23 CE)
Wang Mingsheng 王鳴盛 (mid-Qing philosopher)
Wang Rong 王戎 (thinker of the Western Jin period)
Wang Shang 王商 (high official of the late Former Han period)
Wang Shizhen 王世貞, writer and historian (Ming)
Wang Shenzhong 王慎中, writer (Ming), see Eight Talents
Wang Su 王肅 (philosopher of the Wei period)
Wang Tingxiang 王廷相, writer (Ming), see Qian qi zi 前七子
Wang Xin 王訢 (high official of the mid-Former Han period)
Wang Yan 王衍 (scholar of the Western Jin)
Wang Yinglin 王應麟 (Southern Song scholar and philosopher)
Wang You 王脩 (official, Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Wang Yun 王允 (high minister of the late Eastern Han)
Wang Zhang 王章 (minister of the late Former Han period)
Wang Zhaojun 王昭君 (court lady of the Former Han sent to the Xiongnu)
Wang Zhengjun 王政君, see Empress Yuan 元后 (consort of Han Yuandi, aunt of Wang Mang)
Wang Zun 王尊 (official of the late Former Han period)
Wei Bao 魏豹 (feudal lord at the end of the Qin period)
Wei Bin 魏彬, powerful eunuch (Ming), see Ba hu 八虎
Wei Chi 魏侈, see Wei Xiangzi 魏襄子
Wei Ji 衛覬, thinker (Cao-Wei)
Wei Jiu 魏咎 (feudal lord at the end of the Qin period)
Wei Liao 尉繚 (minister of Wei during the Warring States period, author of the Weiliaozi)
Wei Liaoweng 魏了翁, philosopher (Song)
Wei Mingdi 魏明帝 Cao Rui 曹叡 (ruler of the Cao-Wei dynasty, r. 226-239 CE)
Wei Zhen 衛臻, official (Cao-Wei)
Wen Pin 文聘, official (Cao-Wei)
Wei Qing 衛青 (general of the mid-Former Han period)
Wei Ran 魏冉, see Marquis Rang 穰侯
Wei Shu 魏舒, see Wei Xianzi 魏獻子
Wei Wan 衛綰 (minister of the early Former Han period)
Wei Wendi 魏文帝 Cao Pi 曹丕 (founder of the Cao-Wei dynasty, r. 220-226)
Wei Wudi 魏武帝, see Cao Cao 曹操 (warlord of the end of the Later Han period)
Wei Xian 韋賢 (high minister of the Late Former Han period)
Wei Xianzi 魏獻子, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Wei Xiang 魏相 (high minister of the late Former Han period)
Wei Xiangzi 魏襄子, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Wei Yuandi 魏元帝 Cao Huan 曹奂 (last ruler of the Cao-Wei dynasty, r. 260-265)
Wei Zhang 魏章, general of Qin (Zhanguo)
Wei Zhongxian 魏忠賢, a powerful eunuch of the late Ming period
Weizi 微子 (minister of the last king of the Shang)
Wen Hui 溫恢, official (late Eastern Han/Cao-Wei)
Wen Qin 文欽, general (Cao-Wei, Wu)
Wen Tianxiang 文天祥 (Southern Song writer and philosopher)
Wen Zhong 文種, minister of Yue (Chunqiu)
Weng Fanggang 翁方綱, philosopher (Qing)
White Emperor (one of the mythical Five Emperors, see Di Zhi 帝摯)
Wu Bei 伍被 (minister of the early Former Han period)
Wu Cheng 吳澄, philosopher (Yuan)
Wu Chunfu 吳淳夫, member of the eunuch faction (Ming), see Wu hu 五虎
Wu Dadi 吳大帝, see Sun Quan 孫權 (founder of the Wu dynasty, r. 222-252)
Wu Ding 武丁 (first historical ruler of the Shang dynasty)
Wu Guang 吳廣 (rebel against the Qin dynasty)
wu hu 五虎, the "Five Tigers", group of officials supporting the eunuch clique (Ming)
Wu Jingdi 吳景帝(r. 258-264) Sun Xiu 孫休 (ruler of the Wu dynasty, r. 258-264)
Wu Qi 吳起 (general of Qi during the Warring States period, author of the Wuzi)
Wu Renchen 吳任臣, historian (Qing)
Wu Rui 吳芮 (feudal lord at the end of the Qin and the early Han)
Wu wang 吳王, see Liu Pi 劉濞 (nephew of Emperor Han Gaozu)
Wu Zixu 伍子胥 (minister of Wu during the Warring States period)
Wujiang Long 毋將隆 (official of the late Former Han period)
Wuqiu Jian 毋丘儉, see Guanqiu Jian 毌丘儉
Wuqiu Shouwang 吾丘壽王 (official and scholar of the mid-Former Han period)
Wushan, Fairy of Mount 巫山神女 (local deity)

X[top]
Xi Chengzi 郤成子, see Xi Que 郤缺
Xi Cheng 郤稱, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xi Chou 郤犨, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xi Fugong 息夫躬 (minister of the late Former Han period)
Xi Gu 郤縠, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xi He 羲和 (goddess of the sun)
Xi Ke 郤克, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xi Qi 郤錡, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xi Qi 郤乞, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xi Que 郤缺, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xi Rui 郤芮, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xi Shi 西施 (beautiful woman the contributed to the downfall of King Fucha of Wu)
Xi Wang Mu 西王母, Queen Mother of the West
Xi Xianzi 郤獻子, see Xi Ke 郤克
Xi Zhaozi 郤昭子, see Xi Zhi 郤至
Xi Zhi 郤至, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xia Jie 夏桀 (last ruler of the Xia dynasty)
Xiahou Dun 夏侯惇 /military commander of the late Eastern Han)
Xiahou Jian 夏侯建 (Confucian philosopher of the early former Han period)
Xiahou Shang 夏侯尚 (military commander of the late Eastern Han)
Xiahou Sheng 夏侯勝 (Confucian philosopher of the early Former Han period)
Xiahou Shichang 夏侯始昌 (Confucian scholar of the early Former Han period)
Xiahou Xuan 夏侯玄 (official and philospher of the Cao-Wei, son of Xiahou Shang)
Xiahou Ying 夏侯嬰 (minister of the early Former Han period)
Xiahou Yuan 夏侯淵 (military commander of the late Eastern Han)
Xian Gu 先縠, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xian Qieju 先且居, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xian Zhen 先軫, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xiang Xiu 向秀 (thinker of the Western Jin period)
Xiaqiu, Master Jiang of 瑕丘江公 (Confucian philosopher of the early Former Han period)
Xiang Liang 項梁 (rebel leader against the Qin dynasty)
Xiang Yan 項燕 (general of Chu of the late Warring States period)
Xiang Yu 項羽 (rebel against the emperor of Qin, Hegemon of West-Chu, competitor of Liu Bang)
Xiang Zhong Sui 襄仲遂 minister of Lu (Chunqiu)
Xiao Dai 小戴, see Dai Sheng 戴聖 (Confucian philosopher of the early Former Han period)
Xiao He 蕭何 (Counsellor-in-chief of Han Gaozu)
Xiao Mao Gong 小毛公, see Mao Chang 毛萇 (Confucian philosopher of the Former Han period)
Xiao Wangzhi 蕭望之 (high minister of the late Former Han period)
Xiaqiu, Master Master Jiang of 瑕丘江公 (Confucian philosopher of the early Former Han period)
Xie 契 (ancestor of the Shang dynasty)
Ximen Bao 西門豹, local official of Wei (Zhanguo)
Xin, King of Han 韓王信 (feudal lord after the end of the Qin dynasty)
Xin Pi 辛毗, official (Cao-Wei)
Xin Qingji 辛慶忌 (general of the late Former Han period)
Xing Bing 邢昺, philosopher (Song)
Xinling, Lord (Xinlingjun) 信陵君 (high minister of Wei during the Warring States period)
Xizi 西子, see Xi Shi 西施 (beauty of the Spring and Autumn period)
Xiong Guo 熊過, writer (Ming), see Eight Talents
Xu Chu 許褚, official (Cao-Wei)
Xu Gan 徐幹, writer (Later Han)
Xu Heng 許衡, philosopher (Yuan)
Xu Huang 徐晃, general (Cao-Wei)
Xu Le 徐樂 (official of the mid-Former Han period)
Xu Miao 徐邈, high official (Cao-Wei)
Xu Qianxue 徐乾學 (early Qing collector and publisher)
Xu Shen, philosopher and writer 許慎 (Later Han)
Xu Xuan 徐宣, official (Cao-Wei)
Xu Zhenqing 徐禎卿, writer (Ming), see Qian qi zi 前七子
Xuan Di 玄帝 (one of the mythical Five Emperors, see Zhuan Xu 顓頊)
Xuan Ming 玄冥 (assistant deity of Emperor Zhuan Xu)
Xuande 宣德, see Ming Xuanzong 明宣宗
Xuanyuan 軒轅, see Yellow Emperor 黃帝
Xue Guangde 薛廣德 (high minister of the late Former Han period)
Xue Xuan 薛宣 (high official of the late Former Han period)
Xue Xuan 薛瑄, philosopher (Ming)
Xun Han 荀甝 (high official of the Cao-Wei)
Xun Huanbo 荀桓伯, see Xun Linfu 荀林父
Xun Li 荀櫟 (荀躒), nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Xun Linfu 荀林父, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Xun Qing 荀卿 or Xunzi 荀子 (philosopher of the Warring States period, a Confucian, author of the Xunzi)
Xun Wenzi 荀文子, see Xun Yin 荀寅
Xun Xi 荀息, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Xun Xianbo 荀獻伯, see Xun Yan 荀偃
Xun Yan 荀偃, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Xun Yao 荀瑤, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Xun Yin 荀寅, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Xun Yi 荀霬 (high official of the Cao-Wei)
Xun Ying 荀罃, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Xun You 荀攸 (follower of Cao Cao, late Eastern Han)
Xun Yu 荀彧 (political advisor of Cao Cao)
Xun Yue 荀悅 (historian and writer of the Later Han period)
Xun Yun 荀惲 (general of the Cao-Wei)

Y[top]
Yan An 嚴安 (official of the mid-Former Han period)
Yan Di 炎帝 (mythical emperor)
Yan Hui 顏回, see Ziyuan 子淵 (disciple of Confucius)
Yan Jingwang 燕敬王 Liu Ze 劉澤 (relative of Emperor Gaozu of the Han dynasty)
Yan Ruoqu 閻若璩, philosopher(Qing)
Yan Wen 閻溫, official (Cao-Wei)
Yan Yuan 顔元, philosopher (Qing)
Yan Ying 晏嬰 or Yanzi 晏子 (minister of the state of Qi during the Warring States period, protagonist in the collection Yanzi chunqiu)
Yan Zhu 嚴助 (official and poet of the mid-Former Han period)
Yang Chang 楊敞 (high official of the mid-Former Han period)
Yang Chu Fu 陽處父, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Yang Jun 楊俊, official (Cao-Wei)
Yang Fu 楊阜, official (Cao-Wei)
Yang Wangsun 楊王孫 (Huang-Lao philosopher of the mid-Former Han period)
Yang Xi 楊肸, see Yangshe Xi 羊舌肸
Yang Xiong 揚雄 (philosopher of the late Former Han period)
Yangshe Chi 羊舌赤, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Yangshe Fu 羊舌鮒, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Yangshe Hu 羊舌虎, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Yangshe Xi 羊舌肸, nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Yangshe Zhi 羊舌職, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Yan Yuan 顏淵, see Ziyuan 子淵 (disciple of Confucius)
Yang Hu 陽虎, minister of Lu (Chunqiu)
Yang Zhu 楊朱 (philosopher of the Warring States period)
Yao 堯 (one of the mythological Five Emperors)
Yao Jiheng 姚際恒, Confucian scholar (Qing)
Ye Shi 葉適, philosopher (Song)
Yellow Emperor 黃帝 (one of the mythological Five Emperors)
Yi 羿, see Hou Yi 后羿 (famous archer)
Yi 益, see Bo Yi 伯益 (cultural hero of prehistoric China)
Yi Yin 伊尹 (minister of Tang the Perfect, founder of the Shang dynasty)
Yin Yi Sheng 陰飴甥, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Yin Wen 尹文 (philosopher from the state of Qi during the Warring states period, author of the Yinwenzi)
Yin Wenggui 尹翁歸 (official of the late Former Han period)
Ying Bu 英布 (Qing Bu 黥布; feudal lord at the end of the Qin; rebel against Liu Bang)
Ying Shao 應劭, politician and writer (Later Han)
Ying Yang 應瑒, writer (Later Han)
Ying Zheng 嬴政, see Qin Shihuang 秦始皇
Yongle 永樂, see Ming Chengzu 明成祖
Yongli 永曆, see Prince of Gui 桂王
You Yu 有虞, see Emperor Shun
You Yu 由余, minister in Qin (Chunqiu)
Yu 虞, see Shun
Yu the Great 大禹 (mythical founder of the Xia dynasty)
Yu Dingguo 于定國 (high minister of the late Former Han period)
Yuhuang 玉皇, Jade Emperor (Daoist deity)
Yu Fu 羽父, prince of Lu (Chunqiu)
Yu Jin 于禁, general (Cao-Wei)
Yu Qing 虞卿 (political advisor of the Warring States period, author of the Yushi chunqiu)
Yu Yue 俞樾 (Confucian scholar of the late Qing period)
Yunü 玉女, Jade Girl, daughter of the Jade Emperor; Celestial servant
Yuzi 鬻子 Yu Xiong 鬻熊 (philosopher of the Zhou period, author of the Yuzi)
Yuan Ang 袁盎 (high official of the Former Han period)
Yuan Gu 轅固 (Confucian philosopher of the early Former Han period)
Yuan Huan 袁渙 (official, Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Yuan Shang 袁尚 (military commander of the late Eastern Han, son of Yuan Shao)
Yuan Shao 袁紹 (warlord at the end of the Later Han period)
Yuan Shu 袁術 (warlord at the end of the Later Han period)
Yuan Tan 袁譚 (military commander of the late Eastern Han, son of Yuan Shao)
Yue Jin 樂進, general (Cao-Wei)
Yue Yi 樂毅 (political advisor of the Warring States period)
Yun Chang 云敞 (official of the late Former Han period)

Z[top]
Zai Yu 宰予 (disciple of Confucius)
Zang Ba 臧霸, official (Cao-Wei)
Zang Hong 臧洪 (military commander of the late Eastern Han)
Zang Tu 臧荼 (feudal lord at the end of the Qin)
Zang Wenzhong 臧文仲, minister of Lu (Chunqiu)
Zangsun Chen 臧孙辰, see Zang Wenzhong 臧文仲
Zeng Guofan 曾國藩 (high minister of the late Qing period)
Zeng Shen 曾參 (disciple of Confucius)
Zengzi 曾子, see Zeng Shen 曾參 (disciple of Confucius)
Zhai Fangjin 翟方進 (minister of the late Former Han)
Zhan Ruoshui 湛若水, philosopher (Ming)
Zhang Ao 張敖 (feudal lord at the end of the Qin)
Zhang Cang 張蒼 (minister of the early Former Han)
Zhang Chang 張敞 (official of the late Former Han period)
Zhang Cheng 張承 (official, Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Zhang Er 張耳 (warlord at the end of the Qin)
Zhang Fan 張範 (official, Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Zhang Fei 張飛 (general of Liu Bei)
Zhang Han 章邯 (general of the Qin dynasty)
Zhang He 張郃, general (Cao-Wei)
Zhang Ji 張既, official (late Eastern Han/Cao-Wei)
Zhang Jian 張臶, see Zhang Zun (scholar and hermit, Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Zhang Liang 張良 (political advisor of Han Gaozu)
Zhang Liao 張遼, general (Cao-Wei)
Zhang Lu 張魯 (sectarian Daoist leader during the late Eastern Han)
Zhang Lüxiang 張履祥, Confucian scholar (Qing)
Zhang Miao 張邈 (high local official at the end of the Later Han period)
Zhang Miao 張邈 (philosopher of the Western Jin)
Zhang Ou 張歐 (minister of the early Former Han period)
Zhang Qi 張緝 (high official of the Cao-Wei)
Zhang Qian 張騫 (discoverer of the mid-Former Han period)
Zhang Rang 張讓, eunuch (Later Han)
Zhang Shi 張栻, philosopher (Song)
Zhang Shizhi 張釋之 (minister of the early Former Han period)
Zhang Shu 張叔, see Zhang Ou 張歐 (minister of the early Former Han period)
Zhang Tang 張湯 (high official of the mid-Former Han period)
Zhang Xiu 張繡 (military commander of the late Eastern Han)
Zhang Yan 張燕 (military commander of the late Eastern Han)
Zhang Yang 張楊 (military commander of the late Eastern Han)
Zhang Yi 張儀 (political advisor of the Warring States period)
Zhang Yongqing 張永情, powerful eunuch (Ming), see Ba hu 八虎
Zhang Yu 張禹 (high minister of the late Former Han period)
Zhang Zhao 張昭 (political advisor of Sun Quan)
Zhang Zhan 張湛 (philosopher of the Eastern Jin)
Zhang Zun 張臶 (scholar and hermit, Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Zhao Chengzi 趙成子, vassal and minister of Jin (Chunqiu)
Zhao Chongguo 趙充國 (high general of the mid-Former Han period)
Zhao Chuan 趙穿, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Zhao Dun 趙盾, see Zhao Xuanzi 趙宣子
Zhao Feiyan 趙飛燕 (consort of Emperor Cheng of the Former Han)
Zhao Gao 趙高 (eunuch, potentate of Qin)
Zhao Gongming 趙公明, god of money and of pestilence
Zhao Guanghan 趙廣漢 (official of the late Former Han period)
Zhao Jianzi 趙簡子, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Zhao Ponu 趙破奴 (general of the mid-Former Han period)
Zhao Qi 趙岐 (Confucian scholar of the Later Han period)
Zhao Shuai 趙衰, see Zhao Chengzi 趙成子
Zhao Shichun 趙時春, writer (Ming), see Eight Talents
Zhao Su 趙夙, vassal of Jin, ancestor of Zhao (Chunqiu)
Zhao Tuo 趙佗 (ruler of southern China during the early Former Han period)
Zhao Wenzi 趙文子, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Zhao Wu 趙武, see Zhao Wenzi 趙文子
Zhao Xuanzi 趙宣子, nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Zhao Yan 趙儼, official (Cao-Wei)
Zhao Yang 趙鞅, see Zhao Jianzi 趙簡子
Zhao Yao 趙堯 (minister of early Former Han period)
Zhao Yu 趙禹 (official of the late Former Han period)
Zhen Dexiu 真德秀 (Southern Song scholar and philosopher)
Zheng Chong 鄭崇 (official of the late Former Han period)
Zheng Dangshi 鄭當時 (official of the mid-Former Han period)
Zheng He 鄭和, famous eunuch and commander of expedition fleets into the Indian Ocean
Zheng Hong 鄭弘 (high official of the late Former Han period)
Zheng Hun 鄭渾, official of the Cao-Wei
Zheng Ji 鄭吉 (official of the mid-Former Han period)
Zheng Xing 鄭興 (official and Confucian scholar of the Later Han period)
Zheng Zhilong 鄭芝龍, high official (Southern Ming)
Zheng Xuan 鄭玄 (Confucian scholar of the Later Han period)
Zheng Zhong 鄭眾 (official and Confucian scholar of the Later Han period)
Zhengde 正德, see Ming Wuzong 明武宗
Zhengtong 正統, see Ming Yingzong 明英宗
Zhi, see Di Zhi 帝摯 (one of the mythical Five Emperors)
Zhi Buyi 直不疑 (minister of the early Former Han period)
Zhi Bo 智伯 (知伯), see Xun Yao 荀瑤
Zhi Li 智櫟 (知櫟, 智躒, 知躒), see Xun Li 荀櫟
Zhi Wenzi 智文子 (知文子), see Xun Li 荀櫟
Zhi Wuzi 智武子 (知武子), see Xun Ying 荀罃
Zhi Xiangzi 智襄子 (知襄子), see Xun Yao 荀瑤
Zhi Yao 智瑤 (知瑤), see Xun Yao 荀瑤
Zhi Ying 智罃 (知罃), see Xun Ying 荀罃
Zhi Yu 摯虞 (writer and politician of the Western Jin)
Zhong 重 or Chong (son of Emperor Zhuan Xu)
Zhong Hui 仲虺 (minister of Tang the Perfect, founder of the Shang)
Zhong Hui 鍾會, high official, general (Cao-Wei)
Zhong Jun 終軍 (official of the mid-Former Han period)
Zhong Kui 鍾馗 (legendary person fighting against demons)
Zhong Li 重黎 or Zhong (Chong) and Li (one or two mythical persons, relatives of Emperor Zhuan Xu)
Zhong Sui 仲遂, see Xiang Zhong Sui 襄仲遂
Zhonggong 仲弓 (disciple of Confucius)
Zhonghang Huanbo 中行桓伯, see Xun Linfu 荀林父
Zhonghang Linfu 中行林父, see Xun Linfu 荀林父
Zhonghang Wenzi 中行文子, see Xun Yin 荀寅
Zhonghang Xianbo 中行獻伯, see Xun Yan 荀偃
Zhonghang Yan 中行偃, see Xun Yan 荀偃
Zhonghang Yin 中行寅, see Xun Yin 荀寅
Zhongsun Heji 仲孫何忌, see Meng Yizi 孟懿子
Zhongsun Jie 仲孫羯, see Meng Xiaobo 孟孝伯
Zhongsun Jue 仲孫貜, see Meng Xizi 孟僖子
Zhongsun Mie 仲孫蔑, see Meng Xianzi 孟獻子
Zhongsun Su 仲孫速, see Meng Zhuangzi 孟莊子
Zhou 紂, see Shang wang Zhou 商王紂 (last ruler of the Shang)
Zhou Bo 周勃 (political advisor of Han Gaozu)
Zhou Chang 周昌 (minister of the early Former Han period)
Zhou Chengwang 周成王 Ji Song 姬誦 (second king of the Zhou dynasty, 11th cent. BCE)
Zhou Gong 周公 Ji Dan 姬旦 (regent for king Chengwang 周成王)
Zhou Kangwang 周康王 Ji Zhao 姬釗 (ruler of the Western Zhou, ca. 1000 BCE)
Zhou Muwang 周穆王 (ruler of the Western Zhou, 10th cent. BCE)
Zhou Pingwang 周平王 (first ruler of the Eastern Zhou, r. 770-720 BCE)
Zhou Ren 周仁 (minister of the early Former Han period)
Zhou Wen 周文, see Zhou Ren 周仁 (minister of the early Former Han period)
Zhou Wenwang 周文王 Ji Chang 姬昌 (ancestor of the Zhou dynasty, inventor of the Yijing classic)
Zhou Wuwang 周武王 Ji Fa 姬發 (founder of Zhou dynasty)
Zhou Xuanwang 周宣王 (ruler of the Zhou dynasty, r. 827-782 BCE)
Zhou Yafu 周亞夫 (general and high minister of the mid-Former Han period)
Zhou Youwang 周幽王 (last ruler of the Western Zhou, r. 781-771 BCE)
Zhou Yu 周瑜 (general of Sun Quan)
Zhu Benli 朱本鉝, see Prince of Han 韓王
Zhu Bo 朱博 (high official of the late Former Han period)
Zhu Changfang 朱常淓, Prince of Lu 潞王
Zhu Changluo 朱常洛, see Ming Guangzong 明光宗
Zhu Changqing 朱常清, see Prince of Huai 淮王
Zhu Danji 朱亶塉, see Prince of Han 韓王
Zhu Di 朱棣, see Ming Chengzu 明成祖
Zhu Gaochi 朱高熾, see Ming Renzong 明仁宗
Zhu Houcong 朱厚熜, see Ming Shizong 明世宗
Zhu Houzhao 朱厚照, see Ming Wuzong 明武宗
Zhu Jian 朱建 (high official of the early Former Han period)
Zhu Jianshen 朱見深, see Ming Xianzong 明憲宗
Zhu Maichen 朱買臣 (official of the mid-Former Han period)
Zhu Qiyu 朱祁鈺, see Ming Daizong 明代宗
Zhu Qizhen 朱祁鎮, see Ming Yingzong 明英宗
Zhu Rong 祝融 (one of the mythological Three Augusts)
Zhu Yihai 朱以海, see Prince of Lu 魯王
Zhu Yijun 朱翊鈞, see Ming Shenzong 明神宗
Zhu Yizun 朱彝尊 (early Qing scholar)
Zhu Youcheng 朱祐樘, see Ming Xiaozong 明孝宗
Zhu Youjian 朱由檢, see Ming Sizong 明思宗
Zhu Youjiao 朱由校, see Ming Xizong 明熹宗
Zhu Youlang 朱由榔, see Prince of Gui 桂王
Zhu Yousong 朱由崧, see Prince of Fu 福王
Zhu Yuanzhang 朱元璋, see Ming Taizu 明太祖
Zhu Yun 朱雲 (official of the late Former Han period)
Zhu Yunwen 朱允炆, see Ming Huidi 明惠帝
Zhu Yujian 朱聿鍵, see Prince of Tang 唐王 (1)
Zhu Yuyue 朱聿𨮁, see Prince of Tang 唐王 (2)
Zhu Zaihou 朱載垕, see Ming Muzong 明穆宗
Zhu Zhanji 朱瞻基, see Ming Xuanzong 明宣宗
Zhuan Xu 顓頊 (one of the mythological Five Emperors)
Zhufu Yan 主父偃 (high minister of the mid-Former Han period)
Zhuang Zhou 莊周 or Zhuangzi 莊子 (Daoist philosopher of the Warring States period, author of the Zhuangzi)
Zhuge Dan 諸葛誕, high official, general (Cao-Wei)
Zhuge Feng 諸葛豐 (official of the late Former Han period)
Zhuge Jin 諸葛瑾 (general of Wu, Three Kingdoms)
Zhuge Liang 諸葛亮 (political advisor of Liu Bei)
Zichan 子產 (minister of Zheng during the Spring and Autumn period)
Zigong 子貢 (disciple of Confucius)
Zihuazi 子華子 Cheng Ben 程本 (philosopher from the Zhou period, author of the Zihuazi)
Zijian 子騫 (disciple of Confucius)
Zilu 子路 (disciple of Confucius)
Zisi 子思, see Kong Ji 孔伋 (grandson and disciple of Confucius)
Ziwo 子我, see Zai Yu 宰予 (disciple of Confucius)
Zixia 子夏 (disciple of Confucius)
Ziyou 子游 (disciple of Confucius)
Ziyou 子有 (disciple of Confucius)
Ziyuan 子淵 (disciple of Confucius)
Zou Ji 鄒忌 (minister of Qi during the Warring States period)
Zou Yan 鄒衍 (Yin-Yang philosopher, Zhanguo)
Zou Yang 鄒陽 (advisor to Prince Xiao of Liang)


2000ff. © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
Important Chinese of the...