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An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

Persons in Chinese History

A B C D E F G H J K L M N O P Q R S T W X Y Z
A [top]
Adou 阿斗 see Liu Shan 劉禪
B [top]
Ba caizi 八才子 see Jiajing ba caizi 嘉靖八才子
ba hu 八虎 the "Eight Tigers", group of powerful chief eunuchs (Ming)
Bai Di 白帝 one of the mythological Five Emperors, see Di Zhi 帝摯
Bai Qi 白起 general of Qin (Zhanguo)
Baili Xi 百里奚 minister of Qin (Chunqiu)
Ban Chao 班超 general (early Later Han)
Ban Gu 班固 historian (early Later Han)
Ban Jieyu 班婕妤 female writer (late Former Han)
Ban Yong 班勇 general (mid-Later Han)
Ban Zhao 班昭 sister of the historian Ban Gu 班固 and China's first female scholar
Bao Shen 鮑申 chief minister of Chu (Chunqiu)
Bao Shu Ya 鮑叔牙 minister of Qi (Chunqiu)
Bao Si 褒姒 consort of King You 周幽王 of the Zhou
Bao Shengzhi 暴勝之 high minister (late Former Han)
Bao Xuan 鮑宣 minister (late Former Han)
Bi Gan 比干 uncle of King Zhou 紂 of the Shang
Bi Gui 畢軌 high official (Cao-Wei)
Bi Yuan 畢沅 governor and scholar (mid-Qing)
Bian Gong 邊貢 writer (Ming), see Qian qi zi 前七子
Bian Zhang 邊章 high official (late Eastern Han)
Bing Ji 丙吉 high minister (late Former Han)
Bing Yuan 邴原 high official (Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Black Emperor one of the mythological Five Emperors, see Zhuan Xu 顓頊
Boniu 伯牛 see Ran Boniu 冉伯牛
Bo Pi 伯嚭 minister of Wu (Chunqiu)
Bo Yi 伯夷 worthy (early Western Zhou)
Bo Yi 伯益 (柏翳 etc.) cultural hero of prehistoric China
Bu Shi 卜式 high minister (mid-Former Han)
C [top]
Cai Lun 蔡倫 eunuch (Later Han)
Cai Yi 蔡義 high minister (mid-Former Han)
Cai Yong 蔡邕 Confucian scholar and writer (Later Han)
Cai Ze 蔡澤 minister of Qin (Zhanguo)
Can Cong 蠶叢 mythological inventor of sericulture and first ruler of Shu
Can Nü 蠶女 mythological girl related with the invention of silkworm breeding
Cang Ci 倉慈 high official (Cao-Wei)
Cang Di 蒼帝 one of the mythological Five Emperors, see Fu Xi 伏羲
Cang Gong 倉公 see Chunyu Yi 淳于意
Cang Jie 倉頡 mythological inventor of the Chinese script
Cao Cao 曹操 warlord (end of Later Han)
Cao Chun 曹純 military commander (Later Han/Three Kingdoms)
Cao Fang 曹芳 ruler of the Cao-Wei (r. 239-254)
Cao Hong 曹洪 general (Later Han/Three Kingdoms)
Cao Jie 曹節 eunuch (Later Han)
Cao Mao 曹髦 ruler of the Cao-Wei (r. 254-260 CE)
Cao Pi 曹丕 see Wei Wendi 魏文帝
Cao Ren 曹仁 general (Later Han/Three Kingdoms)
Cao Shen 曹參 Counsellor-in-chief (early Former Han)
Cao Shuang 曹爽 regent (Cao-Wei)
Cao Teng 曹騰 eunuch (Later Han)
Cao Xi 曹羲 military official (Later Han/Three Kingdoms)
Cao Xiong 曹熊 prince (Cao-Wei)
Cao Xiu 曹休 general (Later Han/Three Kingdoms)
Cao Xun 曹訓 military offiical (Later Han/Three Kingdoms)
Cao Zhang 曹彰 general (Cao-Wei)
Cao Zhao 曹肇 military commander (Later Han/Three Kingdoms)
Cao Zhen 曹真 general (Later Han/Three Kingdoms)
Cao Zhi 曹植 prince and poet (Cao-Wei)
Chang E 嫦娥 Goddess of the moon
Chang Lin 常林 high official (Cao-Wei)
Chang Hui 常惠 high official (mid-Former Han )
Chao Cuo 晁錯 high minister (early Former Han )
Che Qianqiu 車千秋 see Tian Qianqiu 田千秋
Chen Deng 陳登 high official (late Eastern Han)
Chen Dong 陳東 writer (Ming), see Eight Talents
Chen Fan 陳蕃 high minister and member of the anti-eunuch faction (late Eastern Han)
Chen Fuliang 陳傅良 philosopher (Southern Song)
Chen Jiao 陳矯 high official (Cao-Wei)
Chen Jiru 陳繼儒 writer, painter and book collector (Ming)
Chen Li 陳澧 philosopher (late Qing)
Chen Lin 陳琳 writer (Later Han)
Chen Sheng 陳勝 rebel against the Qin
Chen Ping 陳平 political advisor (early Former Han)
Chen Qun 陳群 high official (Cao-Wei)
Chen Rong 陳容 military commander (late Eastern Han)
Chen Tang 陳湯 high official (late Former Han)
Chen Wannian 陳萬年 high minister (late Former Han)
Chen Xi 陳豨 general and rebel (early Former Han)
Chen Yu 陳餘 rebel against the Qin
Cheng Ben 程本 philosopher (Zhanguo), author of author of Zihuazi 子華子
Cheng Cha 成差 general in Qin (Chunqiu)
Cheng Pu 程普 general of Sun Quan (late Eastern Han)
Cheng Tang 成湯 see Tang
Chenghua 成化 see Ming Xianzong 明憲宗
Cheng Yu 程昱 high official (Cao-Wei)
Chi Di 赤帝 one of the mythological Five Emperors, see Yan Di 炎帝
Chi You 蚩尤 mythological inventor of war, opponent of the Yellow Emperor
Chong 重 or Zhong son of the mythological Emperor Zhuan Xu
Chong Li 重黎 or Chong (Zhong) and Li one or two mythological persons, relatives and ministers of Emperor Zhuan Xu
Chongzhen 崇禎 see Ming Sizong 明思宗
Chu Huaiwang 楚懷王 ruler of Chu (Zhanguo)
Chu Huaiwang 楚懷王 nominal emperor after the end of the Qin
Chu Zhuangwang 楚莊王 ruler of Chu (Chunqiu), one of the five hegemonial lords (r. 613-591)
Chulizi 樗里子 minister of Qin (Zhanguo)
Chunshen, Lord (Chunshenjun) 春申君 high minister of Chu (Zhanguo)
Chunyu Kun 淳于髡 coalition advisor of Qi and Wei (Zhanguo)
Chunyu Yi 淳于意 famous physician (Former Han)
Cui Chengxiu 崔呈秀 member of the eunuch faction (Ming), see Wu hu 五虎
Cui Lin 崔林 high official (Cao-Wei)
Cui Zhu 崔杼 minister of Qi (Chunqiu)
D [top]
Da Dai 大戴 see Dai De 戴德
Da Fei 大費 see Bo Yi 伯益
Da Ji 妲己 consort of King Zhou 紂 of the Shang
Da Mao Gong 大毛公 see Mao Heng 毛亨
Da Xiahou 大夏侯 see Xiahou Sheng 夏侯勝
Da Yu 大禹 see Yu the Great
Dai De 戴德 Confucian philosopher (early Former Han)
Dai Jitao 戴季陶
KMT politician and philosopher (Republic)
Dai Sheng 戴聖 Confucian philosopher (early Former Han)
Dai Zhen 戴震 philosopher (early Qing)
Deng Ai 鄧艾 high official, general (Cao-Wei)
Deng Tong 鄧通 high official (early Former Han )
Deng Xi 鄧子 legalist politician of Zheng (Zhanguo), author of Dengxizi
Deng Yang 鄧颺 high official (Cao-Wei)
Deng Yu 鄧禹 high minister (early Later Han)
Di Jun 帝俊 cultural hero and mythological emperor
Di Ku 帝嚳 one of the mythological Five Emperors
Di Xin 帝辛 see Zhou
Di Zhi 帝摯 one of the mythological Five Emperors
Dian Wei 典韋 high official (Cao-Wei)
Diao Chan 貂蟬 beauty with whose help the warlord Dong Zhuo was ruined (late Eastern Han)
Ding Mi 丁謐 high official (Cao-Wei)
Dingwu 定武 see Prince of Han 韓王 (Ming)
Dong Xian 董賢 minister (late Former Han)
Dong Zhao 董昭 high official (Cao-Wei)
Dong Zhongshu 董仲舒 philosopher (Former Han)
Dong Zhuo 董卓 warlord (late Eastern Han)
Dongfang Shuo 東方朔 writer and Daoist master (mid-Former Han)
Dongwu 東武 see Prince of Huai 淮王 (Ming)
Dou Qi 斗祁 chief minister of Chu (Chunqiu)
Dou Rong 竇融 high minister (early Later Han)
Dou Wu 竇武 high minister (late Eastern Han)
Dou Xian 竇憲 high minister (mid-Later Han)
Dou Ying 竇嬰 high minister (early Former Han)
Du Ji 杜畿 high official (Cao-Wei)
Du Kang 杜康 the God of Wine
Du Xi 杜襲 high official (Cao-Wei)
Du Ye 杜鄴 high official (late Former Han)
Du Yu 杜預 Confucian scholar (Western Jin)
Du Yu 杜宇 mythological king of Shu
Du Zhou 杜周 high minister (mid-Former Han)
Duan Huizong 段會宗 high official (late Former Han)
Duan Yucai 段玉裁 scholar (mid-Qing)
E [top]
Empress Deng 鄧皇后 Empress He Xi 和熹, consort of Emperor He (early Later Han)
Empress Dou 竇后 consort of Emperor Wen (early Former Han)
Empress Dowager Dou 竇太后 consort of Emperor Zhang and regent for Emperor He (late Eastern Han)
Empress Dowager Liang 梁太后 consort of Emperor Shun and regent for the emperors Chong, Zhi and Huan (late Eastern Han)
Empress Lü 呂后 consort of Han Gaozu, regent for minor emperors (early Former Han)
Empress Yuan 元后 Wang Zhengjun 王政君 consort of Han Yuandi, aunt of Wang Mang (later Former Han)
Er Kuan 兒寬 see Ni Kuan 兒寬
F [top]
Fan Chou 樊稠 military commander (late Eastern Han)
Fan Jiyi 范吉射 see Fan Zhaozi 范昭子
Fan Ju 范雎 political advisor of the state of Qin (Zhanguo)
Fan Kuai 樊噲 general (early Former Han)
Fan Li 范蠡 minister of Yue (Zhanguo)
Fan Wenzi 范文子 Shi Xie 士燮 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Fan Wuzi 范武子 Shi Hui 士會 or Sui Hui 隨會 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Fan Xianzi 范獻子 Shi Yang 士鞅 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Fan Xuanzi 范宣子 Shi Gai 士匄 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Fan Zhaozi 范昭子 Fan Jiyi 范吉射 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Fan Zhen 范縝 Confucian scholar (Southern Dynasties)
Fang Bao 方苞 philosopher (mid-Qing)
Faxian 法顯 Buddhist monk travelling to India (Eastern Jin)
Fang Xiaoru 方孝孺 philosopher (Ming)
Feng Tang 馮唐 minister (early Former Han)
Feng Fengshi 馮奉世 general (late Former Han)
Fucha 夫差 king of Wu (Chunqiu), one of the hegemonial lords (r. 495-473)
Fu Gu 傅嘏 thinker (Cao-Wei)
Fu Hao 婦好 consort of King Wu Ding 武丁 of the Shang
Fu Jiezi 傅介子 high official (mid-Former)
Fu Kuan 傅寬 military leader (early Former Han)
Fu Qian 服虔 Confucian scholar (late Eastern Han)
Fu Sheng 伏勝 Confucian scholar (early Former Han)
Fu Xi 伏羲 mythological creator of the universe, one of the Three Augusts
Fu Xi 傅喜 high official (late Former Han)
Fu Xian 傅咸 writer (Western Jin)
Fu Xuan 傅玄 philosopher (Western Jin)
Fu Yue 傅說 minister of King Wu Ding 武丁 of the Shang
Fusu 扶蘇 oldest son of the First Emperor of Qin
G [top]
Gai Kuanrao 蓋寬饒 high official (late Former Han)
Gan Bao 干寶 writer (Eastern Jin)
Gan Mao 甘茂 minister of Qin (Zhanguo)
Gan Yannian 甘延壽 high official (late Former Han)
Gao Feng 高鳳 powerful eunuch (Ming), see Ba hu 八虎
Gao Lian 高濂 writer and book collector (Ming)
Gao Rou 高柔 high official (Cao-Wei)
Gao Tao 皋陶 see Gao Yao 皋陶
Gao Xin 高辛 see Di Ku 帝嚳
Gao Yang 高陽 see Zhuan Xu 顓頊
Gao Yao 皋陶 minister of the mythological Emperor Shun
Gaotang Long 高堂隆 high official (Cao-Wei)
Gaotang Sheng 高堂生 Confucian scholar (Former Han)
Ge Hong 葛洪 Daoist master (Eastern Jin)
Ge Xuan 葛玄 Daoist master (Sanguo)
Gengshi Emperor 更始帝 see Liu Xuan 劉玄
Gong Gong 共工 mythologicyl person taming the floods
Gong She 龔舍 high official (late Former Han)
Gong Sheng 龔勝 high official (late Former Han)
Gong Yu 貢禹 high minister (late Former Han)
Gongsun Ao 公孫敖 high commander (mid-Former Han)
Gongsun Du 公孫度 governor and warlord (late Eastern Han)
Gongsun Gong 公孫恭 governor and warlord (Cao-Wei)
Gongsun Guifu 公孫歸父 prince of Lu (Chunqiu)
Gongsun He 公孫賀 high official (mid-Former Han)
Gongsun Hong 公孫弘 1) retainer of Lord Mengchang and strategist
2) high minister (mid-Former Han)
Gongsun Kang 公孫康 minister (Cao-Wei)
Gongsun Long 公孫龍 philosopher (Zhanguo), author of Gongsun Longzi
Gongsun Shu 公孫述 independant ruler of Sichuan (early Later Han)
Gongsun Yan 公孫衍 minister of Wei (Zhanguo)
Gongsun Yuan 公孫淵 minister (Cao-Wei)
Gongsun Zan 公孫瓚 warlord (late Eastern Han)
Gongzi Cheng 公子成 prince in Jin (Chunqiu)
Gongzi Hui 公子翬 see Yu Fu 羽父
Gongzi Hui 公子揮 see Yu Fu 羽父
Gongzi Zhang 公子章 prince in Jin (Chunqiu)
Gongzi Zhi 公子縶 prince and minister in Qin (Chunqiu)
Goujian 句踐 king of Yue (Chunqiu), one of the hegemonial lords (r. 495- 465)
Gou Mang 句芒 assistant deity of Emperor Fu Xi
Green Emperor one of the mythological Five Emperors, see Fu Xi 伏羲
Gu Dayong 谷大用 powerful eunuch (Ming), see Ba hu 八虎
Gu Jiegang 顧頡剛 Historian (Republic)
Gu Yanwu 顧炎武 philosopher (early Qing)
Gu Yong 谷永 high official (late Former Han)
Gu Zuyu 顧祖禹 geographer and book collector (late Ming)
Guan Fu 灌夫 general (mid-Former Han)
Guan Gong 關公 see Guan Yu 關羽
Guan Ning 管寧 scholar (Later Han/Three Kingdoms)
Guan Ying 灌嬰 general (early Former Han)
Guan Yu 關羽 general (late Eastern Han/Sanguo-Shu)
Guan Zhong 管仲 or Guanzi 管子 minister in Qi (Chunqiu), author of Guanzi
Guanqiu Jian 毌丘儉 general (Cao-Wei)
Gui Youguang 歸有光 writer (Ming)
Guiguzi 鬼谷子 philosopher of the state of Qi (Zhanguo), author of Guiguzi
Gun mythological father of Yu the Great
Guo Huai 郭淮 military commander (Cao-Wei)
Guo Jia 郭嘉 political advisor (late Eastern Han)
Guo Pu 郭璞 philosopher (Eastern Jin)
Guo Si 郭汜 military commander(late Eastern Han)
Guo Xian 郭憲 writer (early Later Han)
Guo Xiang 郭象 philosopher (Western Jin)
Guo Yuan 國淵 minister (Later Han/Three Kingdoms)
H [top]
Han Aidi 漢哀帝 Liu Xin 劉欣 ruler of the Former Han (r. 7-1 BCE)
Han Andi 漢安帝 Liu Hu 劉祜 ruler of the Later Han (r. 106-125 CE)
Han Anguo 韓安國 high minister (early Former Han)
Han Changru 韓長孺, see Han Anguo 韓安國 high minister (early Former Han)
Han Chengdi 漢成帝 Liu Ao 劉驁 ruler of the Former Han (r. 33-7 BCE)
Han Chongdi 漢沖帝 Liu Bing 劉炳 ruler of the Later Han (r. 144-145 CE)
Han Fei 韓非 or Hanfeizi 韓非子 legalist politician of Qin (Zhanguo), author of Hanfeizi
Han Gaozu 漢高祖 Liu Bang 劉邦 founder of the Han (r. 206/02-195 BCE)
Han Guangwudi 漢光武帝 Liu Xiu 劉秀 first ruler of the Later Han (r. 25-57 CE)
Han Hao 韓浩 high official (Cao-Wei)
Han Hedi 漢和帝 Liu Zhao 劉肇 ruler of the Later Han (r. 88-105)
Han Huandi 漢桓帝 Liu Zhi 劉志 ruler of the Later Han (r. 146-167 CE)
Han Huidi 漢惠帝 Liu Ying 劉盈 ruler of the Former Han (r. 195-188)
Han Ji 韓暨 high official (Cao-Wei)
Han Jianzi 韓簡子 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Han Jingdi 漢景帝 Liu Qi 劉啟 ruler of the Former Han (r. 157-141 BCE)
Han Jue 韓厥 see Han Xianzi 韓獻子
Han Kangbo 韓康伯 philosopher (Eastern Jin)
Han Lingdi 漢靈帝 Liu Hong 劉宏 ruler of the Later Han (r. 167-188)
Han Mingdi 漢明帝 ruler of the Later Han (r. 57-75 CE)
Han Pingdi 漢平帝 Liu Kan 劉衎 ruler of the Former Han (r. 1 BCE-5 CE)
Han Qi 韓起 see Han Xuanzi 韓宣子
Han Shangdi 漢殤帝 Liu Long 劉隆 ruler of the Later Han (r. 105-106 CE)
Han Shundi 漢順帝 Liu Bao 劉保 ruler of the Later Han (r. 125-144 CE)
Han Sui 韓遂 regional commander (late Eastern Han)
Han wang Xin see Xin, King of Han 韓王信
Han Wendi 漢文帝 Liu Heng 劉恆 ruler of the Former Han (r. 180-157 BCE)
Han Wudi 漢武帝 Liu Che 劉徹 ruler of the Former Han (r. 141-87 BCE)
Han Xiandi 漢獻帝 Liu Xie 劉協 last ruler of the Later Han (r. 189-220 CE)
Han Xianzi 韓獻子 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Han Xin 韓信 general and rebel (early Former Han)
Han Xuandi 漢宣帝 Liu Xun 劉詢 ruler of the Former Han (r. 74-49 BCE)
Han Xuanzi 韓宣子 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Han Yanshou 韓延壽 high official (late Former Han)
Han Ying 韓嬰 Confucian philosopher (early Former Han)
Han Yuandi 漢元帝 Liu Shi 劉奭 ruler of the Former Han (r. 49-33 BCE)
Han Zhangdi 漢章帝 Liu Da 劉炟 ruler of the Later Han (r. 75-88 CE)
Han Zhaodi 漢昭帝 Liu Fuling 劉弗陵 ruler of the Former Han (r. 87-74 BCE)
Han Zhidi 漢質帝 Liu Zuan 劉纘 ruler of the Later Han (r. 145-146 CE)
He Bing 何並 high official (late Former Han)
He Bo 河伯 the God of the Yellow River
He Jingming 何景明 writer (Ming), see Qian qi zi 前七子
He Jin 何進 high minister (late Eastern Han)
He Qia 和洽 high official (Cao-Wei)
He Wu 何武 high official(late Former Han)
He Xiu 何休 Confucian scholar (late Eastern Han)
He Yan 何晏 philosopher (Cao-Wei)
He Zhuo 何焯 collector and publisher (early Qing)
Heguanzi 鶡冠子 philosopher of the state of Chu (Zhanguo), author of Heguanzi
Hei Di 黑帝 one of the mythological Five Emperors, see Zhuan Xu 顓頊
Hong Liangji 洪亮吉 scholar (mid-Qing)
Hongguang 弘光 see Prince of Fu 福王 (Ming)
Hongwu 洪武 see Ming Taizu 明太祖
Hongxi 洪熙 see Ming Renzong 明仁宗
Hongzhi 弘治 see Ming Xiaozong 明孝宗
Hou Cang 后倉 Confucian scholar (early Former Han)
Hou Lan 侯覽 eunuch (Later Han)
Hou Ji 后稷 the Lord of Millet, ancestor of the Zhou
Hou Tu 后土 God(dess) of the Earth
Hou Yi 后羿 famous mythological archer saving the world
Hu Jian 胡建 high official (mid-Former Han)
Hu Mao 狐毛 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Hu Tu 狐突 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)<
Hu Wei 胡渭 philosopher (early Qing)
Hu Yan 狐偃 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Hu Yinglin 胡應麟 collector and publisher (Ming)
Hu Zhao 胡昭 scholar (Later Han/Three Kingdoms)
Hu Zhi 胡質 military commander (Cao-Wei)
Hua Tuo 華佗 physician (Eastern Han)
Hua Xin 華歆 high official (Cao-Wei)
Huan Dou 驩兜 mythological water hero
Huan Fan 桓範 high official (Cao-Wei)
Huan Jie 桓階 high official (Cao-Wei)
Huan Kuan 桓寬 writer (mid-Former Han)
Huan Tan 桓譚 philosopher (early Later Han)
Huang Di 黃帝 see Yellow Emperor
Huang Kan 皇侃 Confucian scholar (Southern Dynasties)
Huang Pilie 黃丕烈 collector and publisher (early Qing)
Huang Zhong 黃忠 general of Shu-Han (Sanguo)
Huang Zongxi 黄宗羲 philosopher (early Qing)
Huangfu Mi 皇甫謐 philosopher and physician (Western Jin)
Huhai 胡亥 see Qin Ershihuang 秦二世皇帝
Hui Dong 惠棟 philosopher (mid-Qing)
Hui Shi 惠施 philosopher (Zhanguo)
Humu, Master 胡毋生/胡母生 Confucian philosopher (early Former Han)
Huwu 胡毋 see Humu
Huo Guang 霍光 powerful minister (mid-Former Han)
Huo Qubing 霍去病 general (mid-Former Han)
J [top]
Jade Emperor see Yuhuang 玉皇
Ji 稷 see Hou Ji 后稷
Ji An 汲黯 high official (mid-Former Han)
Ji Bu 季布 general and minister (early Former Han)
Ji Feng 翼奉 high official (late Former Han)
Ji Han 嵇含 writer and botanist (Western Jin)
Ji Huanzi 季桓子 Jisun Si 季孫斯 nobleman and regent of Lu (Chunqiu)
Ji Kang 嵇康 thinker (Western Jin)
Ji Kangzi 季康子 Jisun Fei季孫肥 nobleman and regent of Lu (Chunqiu)
Ji Pingzi 季平子 Jisun Yiru 季孫意如 nobleman and regent of Lu (Chunqiu)
Ji Wenzi 季文子 Jisun Xingfu 季孫行父 nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Ji Wuzi 季武子 Jisun Su 季孫宿 nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Ji You 季友 prince of Lu (Chunqiu)
Ji Yun 江永 governor and writer (mid-Qing)
Jizi 箕子 minister of King Zhou 紂 of the Shang
Jia Hua 賈華 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Jia Ji 賈季 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Jia Juanzhi 賈捐之 high official (late Former Han)
Jia Kui 賈逵 philosopher (early Later Han)
Jia Kui 賈逵 high official (late Eastern Han/Cao-Wei)
Jia Shan 賈山 advisor (mid-Former Han)
Jia Tuo 賈佗 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Jia Xu 賈詡 general (Cao-Wei)
Jia Yi 賈誼 high official and writer (early Former Han)
Jiajing 嘉靖 see Ming Shizong 明世宗
Jiaqing ba caizi 嘉靖八才子 Eight Talents of the Jiajing Reign, group of writers (Ming)
Jian Zhi 監止 see Kan Zhi 闞止
Jian'an qizi 建安七子 group of writers (Later Han)
Jianwen 建文 see Ming Huidi 明惠帝
Jiang Chong 江充 minister (mid-Former Han)
Jiang Ji 蔣濟 high official (Cao-Wei)
Jiang, Master 江公 see Master Jiang of Xiaqiu 瑕丘江公
Jiang Yong 江永 scholar and philosopher (mid-Qing)
Jiao Hong 焦竑 philosopher (late Ming)
Jiao Xian 焦先 hermit (Later Han/Three Kingdoms)
Jie last ruler of the Xia
Jin Midi 金日磾 high minister (mid-Former Han)
Jin She 靳歙 military leader (early Former Han)
Jin Wengong 晉文公 ruler of Jin (Zhanguo), one of the hegemonial lords (r. 636-628)
Jing Fang 京房 Confucian scholar (late Former Han)
Jing Ke 荊軻 assassin, retainer of Prince Dan of Yan (Zhanguo)
Jingtai 景泰 see Ming Daizong 明代宗
Jisun Fei季孫肥 see Ji Kangzi 季康子
Jisun Si 季孫斯 see Ji Huanzi 季桓子
Jisun Su 季孫宿 see Ji Wuzi 季武子
Jisun Xingfu 季孫行父 see Ji Wenzi 季文子
Jisun Yiru 季孫意如 see Ji Pingzi 季平子
Juan Buyi 雋不疑 high official (late Former Han)
Jun 俊 see Di Jun 帝俊
K [top]
Kan Zhi 闞止 minister of Qi (Chunqiu)
Kang Hai 康海 writer (Ming), see Qian qi zi 前七子
Kang Youwei 康有爲 philosopher and reformer (late Qing/Republic)
Kong Anguo 孔安國 Confucian scholar (mid-Former Han)
Kong Guang 孔光 high official (late Former Han)
Kong Guangsen 孔廣森 philosopher (mid-Qing)
Kong Ji 孔伋 grandson and disciple of Confucius
Kong Ni 孔尼 see Kong Qiu 孔丘
Kong Qiu 孔丘, Kongzi 孔子, Kong Ni 孔尼 Confucius; philosopher (late Chunqiu), "founder" of Confucianism
Kong Rong 孔融 writer (late Eastern Han)
Kong Yingda 孔穎達 Confucian scholar (early Tang)
Kongzi 孔子 see Kong Qiu 孔丘
Ku 嚳, see Di Ku 帝嚳 one of the mythological Five Emperors
Marquis of Kuaicheng 蒯成侯, see Zhou Xie 周緤
Kuai Tong 蒯通 political advisor (early Former Han)
Kuang Heng 匡衡 high minister (late Former Han)
L [top]
Lao Ai 嫪毐 imposter eunuch in Qin (Zhanguo)
Laozi 老子 Li Dan 李聃 Daoist philosopher (late Chunqiu), author of Daodejing
Lei Zu 嫘祖 mythological inventor of silk spinning
Li son of the mythological Emperor Zhuan Xu
Li Dian 李典 high official (Cao-Wei)
Li Dui 李兌 minister of Zhao (Zhanguo)
Li Feng 李豐 high official (Cao-Wei)
Li Gong 李塨 philosopher (early Qing)
Li Gou 李覯 philosopher (early Northern Song)
Li Gu 李固 high minister (mid-Later Han)
Li Guang 李廣 general (early Former Han)
Li Guangli 李廣利 general (mid-Former Han)
Li Jue 李傕 military commander (late Eastern Han)
Li Kaixian 李開先 writer (Ming), see Eight Talents
Li Ke 里克 minister of Jin (Chunqiu)
Li Kui 李悝 legalist politician of Wei (Zhanguo)
Li Kuilong 李夔龍 member of the eunuch faction (Ming), see Wu hu 五虎
Li Mengyang 李夢陽 writer (Ming), see Qian qi zi 前七子
Li Shang 酈商 general (early Former Han)
Li Sheng 李勝 high official (Cao-Wei)
Li Si 李斯 high minister of Qin (Zhanguo/Qin)
Li Tong 李通 official (Cao-Wei)
Li Shiqi 酈食其 see Li Yiji
Li Xuanshi 李選侍 imperial consort (late Ming)
Li Xun 李尋 minister (late Former Han)
Li Yiji 酈食其 advisor (early Former Han)
Li Ying 李膺 high minister and member of the Late Han anti-eunuch faction
Li Yong 李顒 philosopher (early Qing)
Li Zhi 李贄 philosopher (late Ming)
Liang Huiwang 梁惠王 ruler of Wei (Zhanguo)
Liang Mao 涼茂 minister (late Eastern Han/Sanguo)
Liang Xiaowang 梁孝王 Liu Wu 劉武 brother of Emperor Han Jingdi
Liangqiu He 梁丘賀 Confucian philosopher (late Former Han)
Lie Yukou 列御寇, Liezi 列子 Daoist philosopher (Zhanguo), author of Liezi
Liezi 列子 see Lie Yukou 列御寇
Lian Po 廉頗 general of Zhao (Zhanguo)
Liang Ji 梁冀 powerful minister(mid-Later Han)
Liang Mao 涼茂 high official (Later Han/Three Kingdoms)
Liang Xi 梁習 official (late Eastern Han/Cao-Wei)
Lin Xiangru 藺相如 general of Zhao (Zhanguo)
Ling Lun 伶倫 mythological inventor of musical temperation
Liu An 劉安, Prince of Huainan 淮南 mentor of the compilation Huainanzi
Liu Bang 劉邦 see Han Gaozu 漢高祖
Liu Bei 劉備 founder of the Shu-Han (r. 221-222)
Liu Bian 劉辯 infant ruler of the Later Han (r. 189 CE)
Liu Biao 劉表 warlord of the end of the Later Han
Liu Chan see Liu Shan 劉禪
Liu Fei 劉肥 see Qi Daohuiwang 齊悼惠王
Liu Fu 劉輔 high official (late Former Han)
Liu Fu 劉馥 high official (late Eastern Han/Cao-Wei)
Liu He 劉賀 short-time emperor of the Former Han
Liu Jia 劉賈, Prince of Jing 荊 relative of Emperor Han Gaozu
Liu Jiao 劉交 see Chu Yuanwang 楚元王
Liu Jin 劉瑾 powerful eunuch (Ming)
Liu Jing 劉敬 see Lou Jing 婁敬
Liu Ling 劉伶 thinker (Western Jin)
Liu Penzi 劉盆子 first emperor after the downfall of Wang Mang
Liu Pi 劉濞, Prince of Wu 吳王 nephew of Emperor Han Gaozu
Liu Quli 劉屈氂 high official (mid-Former Han)
Liu Shan 劉禪 last ruler of the Shu-Han (r. 223-263 CE)
Liu Shao 劉劭 philosopher (Cao-Wei)
Liu Wu 劉武 see Liang Xiaowang 梁孝王
Liu Xiang 劉向 bibliographer (late Former Han)
Liu Xin 劉歆 bibliographer and philosopher (late Former Han)
Liu Xuan 劉玄, the Gengshi Emperor 更始帝 ruler ending the usurpation of Wang Mang
Liu Yan 劉焉 high official (late Eastern Han)
Liu Yi 劉懿 infant ruler of the Later Han (r. 125 CE)
Liu Yi 劉廙 thinker (Cao-Wei)
Liu Yu 劉虞 high minister (late Eastern Han)
Liu Ze 劉澤 see Yan Jingwang 燕敬王
Liu Zhen 劉楨 writer (late Eastern Han)
Longqing 隆慶 see Ming Muzong 明穆宗
Longwu 隆武 see Prince of Tang 唐王 (1)
Lord of Millet see Hou Ji 后稷
Lou Jing 婁敬 advisor (early Former Han)
Lu Deming 陸德明 Confucian scholar (Tang)
Lu Jia 陸賈 political advisor (early Former Han), author of Xinyu
Lu Jiuyuan 陸九淵 philosopher (Southern Song)
Lu Su 魯肅 general of Sun Quan (late Eastern Han)
Lu Wan 盧綰 general and rebel (early Former Han)
Lu Wenchao 盧文弨 philosopher (mid-Qing)
Lu Wenshu 路溫舒 high official (mid-Former Han)
Lu Xinyuan 陸心源 book collector (late Qing)
Lu Yu 盧毓 high official (Cao-Wei)
Lu Zhi 盧植 Confucian philosopher (late Eastern Han)
Lu Zhonglian 魯仲連 political (Zhanguo)
Lü Bu 呂布 warlord (late Eastern Han)
Lü Buwei 呂不韋 high minister of Qin (Zhanguo), mentor of the compilation Lüshi chunqiu
Lü Gao 呂高 writer (Ming), see Eight Talents
Lü Hou 呂后, Lü Taihou 呂太后 see Empress Lü
Lü Kun 呂坤 thinker (late Ming)
Lü Meng 呂蒙 general of Sun Quan (late Eastern Han)
Lü Qian 呂虔 high official (Cao-Wei)
Lü Qiang 呂強 eunuch (Later Han)
Lü Zuqian 呂祖謙 philosopher (Northern Song)
Luan Bu 欒布 minister (early Former Han)
Luan Cheng 欒成 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Luan Shu 欒書 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Luan Wuzi 欒武子, see Luan Shu 欒書
Luan Ying 欒盈 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Luan Zhi 欒枝 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Luo Shen 洛神 Goddess of the River Luo
Luo Xiang 羅祥 powerful eunuch (Ming), see Ba hu 八虎
M [top]
Ma Chao 馬超 regional commander (late Eastern Han)
Ma Gong 馬宮 high official (late Former Han)
Ma Guohan 馬國翰 collector and publisher (late Qing)
Ma Rong 馬融 Confucian scholar (mid-Later Han)
Ma Shiying 馬士英 high minister (Southern Ming)
Ma Yongcheng 馬永成 powerful eunuch (Ming), see Ba hu 八虎
Ma Yuan 馬援 general (early Later Han)
Man Chong 滿寵 military commander (Cao-Wei)
Mao Chang 毛萇 Confucian philosopher (early Former Han)
Mao Gong 毛公 see Mao Heng 毛亨 and Mao Chang 毛萇
Mao Gong 毛公 Duke of Mao, high official (Western Zhou)
Mao Heng 毛亨 Confucian philosopher (early Former Han)
Mao Jin 毛晉 collector and publisher (late Ming)
Mao Kun 茅坤 writer (mid-Ming)
Mao Qiling 毛奇齡 philosopher (early Qing)
Mei Dingzuo 梅鼎祚 poet and book collector (mid-Ming)
Mei Fu 梅福 scholar (late Former Han)
Mei Ze 梅賾 Confucian scholar (Eastern Jin)
Mengchang, Lord (Mengchangjun) 孟嘗君 high minister of Qi (Zhanguo)
Meng Tian 蒙恬 general of Qin (Zhanguo/Qin)
Meng Ke 孟軻, Mengzi 孟子 Mencius, philosopher (Zhanguo), the second Confucian, protagonist of the collection Mengzi
Mengzi 孟子 see Meng Ke 孟軻
Meng Mubo 孟穆伯 see Gongsun Ao 公孫敖
Meng Xi 孟喜 Confucian philosopher (early Former Han)
Meng Xianzi 孟獻子 Zhongsun Mie 仲孫蔑 nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Meng Xiaobo 孟孝伯 Zhongsun Jie 仲孫羯 nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Meng Xizi 孟僖子 Zhongsun Jue 仲孫貜 nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Meng Yizi 孟懿子 Zhongsun Heji 仲孫何忌 nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Mengzi 孟子 see Meng Ke 孟軻
Meng Zhuangzi 孟莊子 Zhongsun Su 仲孫速 nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Mi Hu 宓戱, see Fu Xi 伏羲 one of the mythological Three Augusts
Mi Xi 宓戲, see Fu Xi 伏羲 one of the mythological Three Augusts
Min Sun 閔損 see Zijian 子騫
Ming Anzong 明安宗 see Prince of Fu 福王
Ming Chengzu 明成祖 Zhu Di 朱棣 the Yongle Emperor 永樂 (r. 1402-1424)
Ming Daizong 明代宗 Zhu Qiyu 朱祁鈺 the Jingtai Emperor 景泰 (r. 1449-1456)
Ming Guangzong 明光宗 Zhu Changluo 朱常洛 the Taichang Emperor 泰昌 (r. 1620)
Ming Huidi 明惠帝 Zhu Xunwen 朱允炆 the Jianwen Emperor 建文 (r. 1398-1402)
Ming Jingdi 明景帝 see Ming Daizong 明代宗
Ming Jingzong 明敬宗 see Prince of Huai 淮王
Ming Muzong 明穆宗 Zhu Zaihou 朱載垕 the Longqing Emperor 隆慶 (r. 1566-1572)
Ming Renzong 明仁宗 Zhu Gaochi 朱高熾 the Hongxi Emperor 洪熙 (r. 1424 -1425)
Ming Shaozong 明紹宗 see Prince of Tang 唐王 (1)
Ming Shenzong 明神宗 Zhu Yijun 朱翊鈞 the Wanli Emperor 萬曆 (r. 1572-1619)
Ming Shizong 明世宗 Zhu Houcong 朱厚熜 the Jiajing Emperor 嘉靖 (r. 1521-1566)
Ming Sizong 明思宗 Zhu Youjian 朱由檢 the Chongzhen Emperor 崇禎 (r. 1627-1644)
Ming Taizu 明太祖 Zhu Yuanzhang 朱元璋 the Hongwu Emperor 洪武 (r. 1368-1398)
Ming Wenzong 明文宗 see Prince of Tang 唐王 (2)
Ming Wuzong 明武宗 Zhu Houzhao 朱厚照 the Zhengde Emperor 正德 (r. 1505 -1521)
Ming Xizong 明熹宗 Zhu Youjiao 朱由校 the Tianqi Emperor 天啓 (r. 1620-1627)
Ming Xianzong 明憲宗 Zhu Jianshen 朱見深 the Chenghua Emperor 成化 (r. 1464-1487)
Ming Xiaozong 明孝宗 Zhu Youcheng 朱祐樘 the Hongzhi Emperor 弘治 (r. 1487-1505)
Ming Xuanzong 明宣宗 Zhu Zhanji 朱瞻基 the Xuande Emperor 宣德 (r. 1425-1435)
Ming Yizong 明義宗 see Prince of Lu 魯王
Ming Yingzong 明英宗 Zhu Qizhen 朱祁鎮 the Zhengtong 正統 and Tianshun 天順 emperor (r. 1435-1449, 1457-1464)
Ming Zhaozong 明昭宗 see Prince of Gui 桂王
Mo Di 墨翟, Mozi 墨子 philosopher (Zhanguo), author of Mozi
Mo Xi 末喜 consort of King Jie 桀 of the Xia
Mozi 墨子 see Mo Di 墨翟
Muqiu Jian 母丘儉 see Guanqiu Jian 毌丘儉
N [top]
Nalan Xingde 納蘭性德 writer and publisher (late Qing)
Ni Kuan 兒寬 (倪寬) high official (mid-Former Han)
Ni Wenhuan 倪文煥 member of the eunuch faction (Ming), see Wu hu 五虎
Nü Fu (Ru Fu) 女父 general of Qin (Chunqiu)
Nü Wa 女媧 mythological creatress of the universe, one of the Three Augusts
O [top]
Ouyang Gao 歐陽高 Confucian scholar (early Former Han)
Ouyang Jian 歐陽建 philosopher (Western Jin)
P [top]
Pan Geng 盤庚 ruler of the Shang
Pan Gu 盤古 mythological creator of the world
Pang De 龐悳 military official (Cao-Wei)
Pang Juan 龐涓 general of Wei (Zhanguo)
Pang Yu 龐淯 high official (Cao-Wei)
Pao Xi 庖犧, see Fu Xi 伏羲 one of the mythological Three Augusts
Pei Qian 裴潛 high official (Cao-Wei)
Pei Wei 裴頠 philosopher (Western Jin)
Peng Xuan 彭宣 high official (late Former Han)
Peng Yue 彭越 general and rebel (early Former Han)
Peng Zhongshuang 彭仲爽 chief minister of Chu (Chunqiu)
Peng Zu 彭祖 Daoist immortal
Pian Que 扁鵲 famous physician (Zhanguo)
Ping Dang 平當 high official (late Former Han)
Pingyuan, Lord (Pingyuanjun) 平原君 high minister of Zhao (Zhanguo)
The Prince of Fu 福王 Zhu Yousong 朱由崧 the Hongguang Emperor 弘光 (r. 1644-1645)
The Prince of Gui 桂王 Zhu Youlang 朱由榔 the Yongli Emperor 永曆 (r. 1646-1661)
The Prince of Han 韓王 Zhu Benli 朱本鉝 the Dingwu Emperor 定武 (r. 1646-1663)
The Prince of Huai 淮王 Zhu Changqing 朱常清 the Dongwu Emperor 東武 (r. 1648-1649)
The Prince of Lu 魯王 Zhu Yihai 朱以海 ruler of the Southern Ming (r. 1646)
The Prince of Tang 唐王 (1) Zhu Yujian 朱聿鍵 the Longwu Emperor 隆武 (r. 1645-1646)
The Prince of Tang 唐王 (2) Zhu Yuyue 朱聿𨮁 the Shaowu Emperor 紹武 (r. 1646)
Q [top]
Qi Daohuiwang 齊悼惠王 Liu Fei 劉肥 son of Emperor Han Gaozu
Qi Huangong 齊桓公 ruler of Qi (Chunqiu), first hegemonial lord (r. 685-643)
Qi Taigong 齊太公 Lü Shang 呂尚 minister and general (early Western Zhou), author of Liutao
Qi Wu 祁午 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Qi Xi 祁奚 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Qi Ying 祁盈 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Qian Daxin 錢大昕 philosopher and writer (mid-Qing)
Qian Xizuo 錢熙祚 collector and writer (late Qing)
Qian Zhao 牽招 high official (Cao-Wei)
Qin Ershihuang 秦二世皇帝 Ying Huhai 嬴胡亥 Second Emperor of Qin (r. 209-207 BCE)
Qin Mugong 秦穆公 ruler of Qin (Chunqiu), one of the five hegemonial lords (r. 659-621)
Qin Shihuang 秦始皇 Ying Zheng 嬴政 First Emperor of Qin (r. 246/221-210 BCE)
Qin wang Ziying 秦王子嬰 last ruler of the Qin (r. 206 BCE)
Qing Bu 黥布, see Ying Bu 英布 warlord and rebel (early Former Han)
Qing Di 青帝 one of the mythological Five Emperors, see Fu Xi 伏羲
Qing Feng 慶封 minister of Qi (Chunqiu)
Qing Fu 慶父 prince of Lu (Chunqiu)
Qing Pu 慶普 Confucian scholar (Former Han)
Qing Qin 卿秦 (慶秦) general of Yan (Zhanguo)
Qiu Ju 丘聚 powerful eunuch (Ming), see Ba hu 八虎
Qu Yuan 屈原 high minister of Chu (Zhanguo), author Chuci
Quan Zuwang 全祖望 historian and writer (early Qing)
Queen Mother of the West see Xi Wang Mu 西王母
R [top]
Ran Boniu 冉伯牛 disciple of Confucius
Ran Geng 冉耕 see Ran Boniu 冉伯牛
Ran Qiu 冉求 see Ziyou 子有
Ran Yong 冉雍 see Zhonggong 仲弓
Ran You 冉有 see Ziyou 子有
Rang, Marquis (Rang Hou) 穰侯 Wei Ran 魏冉 high minister of Qin (Zhanguo)
Red Emperor one of the mythological Five Emperors, see Yan Di 炎帝
Ren Ao 任敖 minister (early Former Han )
Ren Han 任瀚 writer (Ming), see Eight Talents
Ren Jun 任峻 high official (late Eastern Han)
Ru Shou 蓐收 assistant deity of Emperor Di Zhi
Ruan Ji 阮籍 thinker (Western Jin)
Ruan Xian 阮咸 musician (Western Jin)
Ruan Yu 阮瑀 writer (Later Han)
Ruan Yuan 阮元 philosopher and publisher (late Qing)
Ruzi Ying 孺子嬰 last ruler of the Former Han (r. 6-8 CE)
S [top]
San Cao 三曹 the Three Caos, writers, see also Cao Cao 曹操, Cao Pi 曹丕, Cao Zhi 曹植
San Huan 三桓 three powerful noble families of the state of Lu (Chunqiu)
Sang Hongyang 桑弘羊 high minister (mid-Former Han)
Shan Chao 單超 eunuch (Later Han)
Shan Tao 山濤 writer (Cao-Wei)
Shang wang Zhou 商王紂 King Zhou, last ruler of the Shang
Shang Yang 商鞅 legalist politician (Zhanguo), author of Shangjunshu)
Shangguan An 上官安 high minister (mid-Former Han)
Shangguan Jie 上官桀 high minister (mid-Former Han)
Shao Dian 少典 father of the Yellow Emperor and the Red Emperor
Shao Gong Shi 召公奭 high minister (early Western Zhou)
Shao Kanggong 邵康公 see Shao Gong Shi 召公奭
Shao Hao 少昊 one of the mythological Five Emperors, see Di Zhi 帝摯
Shao Hao 少皞 one of the mythological Five Emperors, see Di Zhi 帝摯
Shaowu 紹武 see Prince of Tang 唐王 (2)
Shun one of the mythological Five Emperors
Shen Buhai 申不害 legalist politician of Han (Zhanguo), author of Shenzi 申子
Shen Dao 慎到 legalist philosopher from Qi (Zhanguo), author of Shenzi 慎子
Shen Nong 神農 mythological inventor of pharmacology and agriculture, one of the Three Augusts, see also Yan Di 炎帝
Shen Gong 申公 see Shen Pei 申培
Shen Pei 申培 Confucian philosopher (early Former Han)
Shentu Jia 申屠嘉 minister (early Former Han)
Shi Chou 施讎 Confucian philosopher (late Former Han)
Shi Dan 史丹 high minister (late Former Han)
Shi Dan 師丹 high minister (late Former Han)
Shi Fen 石奮 minister (early Former Han)
Shi Gai 士匄 see Fan Xuanzi 范宣子
Shi Huan 史渙 advisor (late Eastern Han)
Shi Hui 士會 see Fan Wuzi 范武子
Shi Wei 士蒍 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Shi Xian 石顯 minister of the late Former Han
Shi Xie 士燮 see Fan Wenzi 范文子
Shi Yang 士鞅 see Fan Xianzi 范獻子
Shizi 尸子 Shi Jiao 尸佼 philosopher from Lu (Zhanguo), author of Shizi
Shu Guang 疏廣 Confucian scholar (late Former Han)
Shu Shou 疏受 Confucian scholar (late Former Han)
Shu Xi 束晳 philosopher (Western Jin)
Shu Ya 叔牙 prince of Lu (Chunqiu)
Shuxiang 叔向 see Yangshe Xi 羊舌肸
Shun one of the mythological Five Emperors
Shusun Bao 叔孫豹 see Shusun Muzi 叔孫穆子
Shusun Bugan 叔孫不敢 see Shusun Chengzi 叔孫成子
Shusun Chengzi 叔孫成子 Shusun Bugan 叔孫不敢 nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Shusun Daibo 叔孫戴伯 Shusun Zi 叔孫茲 nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Shusun Dechen 叔孫得臣 see Shusun Zhuangshu 叔孫莊叔
Shusun Qiaoru 叔孫僑如 see Shusun Xuanbo 叔孫宣伯
Shusun She 叔孫舍 see Shusun Zhaozi 叔孫昭子
Shusun Muzi 叔孫穆子 Shusun Bao 叔孫豹 nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Shusun Tong 叔孫通 Confucian scholar (early Former Han)
Shusun Wushu 叔孫武叔 Shusun Zhouchou 叔孫州仇 nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Shusun Xuanbo 叔孫宣伯 Shusun Qiaoru 叔孫僑如 nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Shusun Zhaozi 叔孫昭子 Shusun She 叔孫舍 nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Shusun Zhouchou 叔孫州仇 see Shusun Wushu 叔孫武叔
Shusun Zhuangshu 叔孫莊叔 Shusun Dechen 叔孫得臣 nobleman of Lu (Chunqiu)
Shusun Zi 叔孫茲 see Shusun Daibo 叔孫戴伯
Shuzhang Bao 庶長鮑 general of Qin (Chunqiu)
Shuzhang Wu 庶長武 general of Qin (Chunqiu)
Shuzhong Huibo 叔仲惠伯 minister of Lu (Chunqiu)
Sima Biao 司馬彪 historian and philosopher (Western Jin)
Sima Cuo 司馬錯 general of Qin (Zhanguo)
Sima Lang 司馬朗 high official (late Eastern Han/Cao-Wei)
Sima Rangju 司馬穰苴 general of Qi (Zhanguo), author of Simafa
Sima Qian 司馬遷 historian (mid-Former Han)
Sima Shi 司馬師 general (Cao-Wei), ancestor of the Jin
Sima Tan 司馬談 historian (mid-Former Han)
Sima Xiangru 司馬相如 poet (mid-Former Han)
Sima Yi 司馬懿 regent (Cao-Wei), ancestor of the Jin
Sima Zhao 司馬昭 regent of the Cao-Wei
Song Xiangfeng 宋翔鳳 philosopher (late Qing)
Song Xianggong 宋襄公 ruler of Song (Chunqiu), one of the five hegemonial lords (r. 650-637)
Song Xing 宋銒 philosopher from the state of Qi (Zhanguo)
Su Jian 蘇建 military commander (mid-Former Han)
Sunü 素女 mythological person, inventor of the small zither
Su Qin 蘇秦 political advisor (Zhanguo)
Su Wu 蘇武 high minister (mid-Former Han)
Su Ze 蘇則 high official (Cao-Wei)
Sui Hong 眭弘 high official (late Former Han)
Sui Hui 隨會 see Fan Wuzi 范武子
Sui Ren 燧人 one of the mythological Three Augusts, inventor of fire
Sun Bao 孫寶 high official (late Former Han)
Sun Bin 孫臏 general of Qi (Zhanguo), author of Sun Bin bingfa
Sun Ce 孫策 warlord (late Eastern Han)
Sun Cheng 孫程 eunuch (Later Han)
Sun Chuo 孫綽 philosopher (Eastern Jin)
Sun Hao 孫皓 ruler of the Wu (r. 264-280)
Sun Jian 孫堅 warlord (late Eastern Han)
Sun Li 孫禮 high official (Cao-Wei)
Sun Liang 孫亮 ruler of the Wu (r. 252-258 CE)
Sun Qifeng 孫奇逢 philosopher (early Qing)
Sun Quan 孫權 founder of the Wu (r. 222-252)
Sun Wu 孫武 general of the state of Wu (Zhanguo), author of Sunzi bingfa
Sun Xingyan 孫星衍 collector and publisher (mid-Qing)
Sun Yirang 孫詒讓 philosopher (late Qing)
T [top]
Tai Hao 太昊 one of the mythological Five Emperors, see Fu Xi 伏羲
Tai Hao 太皞 one of the mythological Five Emperors, see Fu Xi 伏羲
Tang 唐 see Yao
Tang the Perfect 成湯 founder of the Shang
Tang Shunzhi 唐順之 writer (Ming), see Eight Talents
Taicang Gong 太倉公 see Chunyu Yi 淳于意
Taichang 泰昌 see Ming Guangzong 明光宗
Tao Qian 陶謙 high local official (late Eastern Han)
Tao Tang 陶唐 see Yao
Tian Chang 田常 minister of Qi (Zhanguo)
Tian Chou 田疇 advisor (late Eastern Han)
Tian Dan 田單 general of Qi (Zhanguo)
Tian Dan 田儋 warlord after the end of the Qin
Tian Fen 田蚡 powerful minister (mid-Former Han)
Tian Ji 田忌 general of Qi (Zhanguo)
Tian Ji 田吉 member of the eunuch faction (Ming), see Wu hu 五虎
Tian Jingzhong 田敬仲 prince of Chen, ancestor of the house of Tian, rulers of Qi (Zhanguo)
Tian Qianqiu 田千秋 high minister (mid-Former Han)
Tian Shu 田叔 minister (early Former Han)
Tian Yu 田豫 military commander (Cao-Wei)
Tianqi 天啓 see Ming Xizong 明熹宗
Tianshun 天順 see Ming Yingzong 明英宗
Tu'an Gu 屠岸賈 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
W [top]
Wang Anshi 王安石 politician and reformer (mid-Northern Song)
Wan Sida 萬斯大 philosopher (early Qing)
Wan Sitong 萬斯同 philosopher and historian (early Qing)
Wanli 萬曆 see Ming Shenzong 明神宗
Wanshi Jun 萬石君 see Shi Fen 石奮 (minister of the early Former Han
Wang Bao 王褒 poet (mid-Former Han)
Wang Ben 王賁 general of Qin (Zhanguo)
Wang Bi 王弼 Confucian scholar (Cao-Wei)
Wang Can 王粲 writer and thinker (Cao-Wei)
Wang Chang 王昶 high official (Cao-Wei)
Wang Chong 王充 philosopher (early Later Han)
Wang Di 望帝 see Du Yu 杜宇
Wang Feng 王鳳 minister (late Former Han)
Wang Fuzhi 王夫之 philosopher (early Qing)
Wang Guan 王觀 high official (Cao-Wei)
Wang Ji 王吉 minister (late Former Han)
Wang Ji 王基 military commander (Cao-Wei)
Wang Jia 王嘉 high minister (late Former Han)
Wang Jun 王駿 high minister (late Former Han)
Wang Jian 王翦 general of Qin (Zhanguo)
Wang Jiusi 王九思 writer (Ming), see Qian qi zi 前七子
Wang Lie 王烈 high official (late Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Wang Ling 王陵 high minister (early Former Han)
Wang Ling 王淩 high official, general (Cao-Wei)
Wang Mang 王莽 usurper ending the Former Han and establishing the Xin (r. 8-23 CE)
Wang Mingsheng 王鳴盛 philosopher (mid-Qing)
Wang Niansun 王念孫 philosopher (mid-Qing)
Wang Rong 王戎 thinker (Western Jin)
Wang Shang 王商 high official (late Former Han)
Wang Shizhen 王世貞 writer and historian (late Ming)
Wang Shenzhong 王慎中 writer (Ming), see Eight Talents
Wang Su 王肅 philosopher (Cao-Wei)
Wang Tingxiang 王廷相 writer (Ming), see Qian qi zi 前七子
Wang Xianqian 王先謙 scholar (late Qing)
Wang Xin 王訢 high official (mid-Former Han)
Wang Yan 王衍 high official (mid-Former Han)
Wang Yinglin 王應麟 scholar and philosopher (late Southern Song)
Wang You 王脩 high official (late Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Wang Yun 王允 high minister (late Eastern Han)
Wang Zhang 王章 minister (late Former Han)
Wang Zhaojun 王昭君 court lady (mid-Former Han) sent as a bride to the Xiongnu
Wang Zhengjun 王政君 see Empress Yuan 元后
Wang Zun 王尊 high official (late Former Han)
Wei Bao 魏豹 warlord (end of Qin)
Wei Bin 魏彬 powerful eunuch (Ming), see Ba hu 八虎
Wei Chi 魏侈 see Wei Xiangzi 魏襄子
Wei Ji 衛覬 thinker (Cao-Wei)
Wei Jiu 魏咎 warlord (end of Qin)
Wei Liao 尉繚 minister of Wei (Zhanguo), author Weiliaozi
Wei Liaoweng 魏了翁 philosopher (Southern Song)
Wei Mingdi 魏明帝 Cao Rui 曹叡 ruler of the Cao-Wei (r. 226-239 CE)
Wei Zhen 衛臻 high official (Cao-Wei)
Wen Pin 文聘 high official (Cao-Wei)
Wei Qing 衛青 general (mid-Former Han)
Wei Ran 魏冉 see Marquis Rang 穰侯
Wei Shu 魏舒 see Wei Xianzi 魏獻子
Wei Wan 衛綰 minister (early Former Han)
Wei Wendi 魏文帝 Cao Pi 曹丕 founder of the Cao-Wei (r. 220-226)
Wei Wudi 魏武帝 see Cao Cao 曹操
Wei Xian 韋賢 minister (late Former Han)
Wei Xianzi 魏獻子 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Wei Xiang 魏相 minister (late Former Han)
Wei Xiangzi 魏襄子 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Wei Yuan 魏源 writer and historian (late Qing)
Wei Yuandi 魏元帝 Cao Huan 曹奂 last ruler of the Cao-Wei (r. 260-265)
Wei Zhang 魏章 general of Qin (Zhanguo)
Wei Zhongxian 魏忠賢 a powerful eunuch (late Ming)
Weizi 微子 minister of the last king of the Shang
Wen Hui 溫恢 high official (late Eastern Han/Cao-Wei)
Wen Qin 文欽 general (Cao-Wei/Wu)
Wen Tianxiang 文天祥 writer and philosopher (Southern Song)
Wen Zhong 文種 minister of Yue (Chunqiu)
Weng Fanggang 翁方綱 philosopher (mid-Qing)
White Emperor one of the mythological Five Emperors, see Di Zhi 帝摯
Wu Bei 伍被 minister of the early Former Han
Wu Cheng 吳澄 philosopher (Yuan)
Wu Chunfu 吳淳夫 member of the eunuch faction (Ming), see Wu hu 五虎
Wu Dadi 吳大帝 see Sun Quan 孫權
Wu Ding 武丁 first historical ruler of the Shang
Wu Guang 吳廣 rebel against the Qin
wu hu 五虎 the "Five Tigers", group of officials supporting the eunuch clique (late Ming)
Wu Jingdi 吳景帝 Sun Xiu 孫休 ruler of the Wu (258-264)
Wu Qi 吳起 general of Qi (Zhanguo), author of Wuzi
Wu Renchen 吳任臣 historian (early Qing)
Wu Rui 吳芮 warlord (end of the Qin/early Former Han)
Wu Zixu 伍子胥 minister of Wu (Zhanguo)
Wujiang Long 毋將隆 high official (late Former Han)
Wuqiu Jian 毋丘儉, see Guanqiu Jian 毌丘儉
Wuqiu Shouwang 吾丘壽王 high official and scholar (mid-Former Han)
Wushan, Fairy of Mount 巫山神女 local deity figuring in various poems and stories
X [top]
Xi Chengzi 郤成子 see Xi Que 郤缺
Xi Cheng 郤稱 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xi Chou 郤犨 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xi Fugong 息夫躬 minister (late Former Han)
Xi Gu 郤縠 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xi He 羲和 Goddess of the sun
Xi Ke 郤克 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xi Qi 郤錡 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xi Qi 郤乞 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xi Que 郤缺 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xi Rui 郤芮 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xi Shi 西施 beauty that contributed to the downfall of King Fucha of Wu
Xi Wang Mu 西王母 Queen Mother of the West
Xi Xianzi 郤獻子 see Xi Ke 郤克
Xi Zhaozi 郤昭子 see Xi Zhi 郤至
Xi Zhi 郤至 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xia Jie 夏桀 see Jie
Xiahou Dun 夏侯惇 military commander (late Eastern Han)
Xiahou Jian 夏侯建 Confucian philosopher (early former Han)
Xiahou Shang 夏侯尚 military commander (late Eastern Han)
Xiahou Sheng 夏侯勝 Confucian philosopher (early Former Han)
Xiahou Shichang 夏侯始昌 Confucian scholar (early Former Han)
Xiahou Xuan 夏侯玄 official and philospher (Cao-Wei)
Xiahou Ying 夏侯嬰 minister (early Former Han)
Xiahou Yuan 夏侯淵 military commander (late Eastern Han)
Xian Gu 先縠 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xian Qieju 先且居 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xian Zhen 先軫 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Xiang Xiu 向秀 thinker (Western Jin)
Xiaqiu, Master Jiang of 瑕丘江公 Confucian philosopher (early Former Han)
Xiang Liang 項梁 rebel leader against the Qin
Xiang Yan 項燕 general of Chu (Zhanguo)
Xiang Yu 項羽 rebel against the emperor of Qin, Hegemon of West-Chu, competitor to Liu Bang
Xiang Zhong Sui 襄仲遂 minister of Lu (Chunqiu)
Xiao Dai 小戴, see Dai Sheng 戴聖 Confucian philosopher (early Former Han)
Xiao He 蕭何 high minister (early Former Han)
Xiao Mao Gong 小毛公 see Mao Chang 毛萇
Xiao Wangzhi 蕭望之 high minister (late Former Han)
Xiaqiu, Master Master Jiang of 瑕丘江公 Confucian philosopher (early Former Han)
Xie ancestor of the Shang
Ximen Bao 西門豹 local official of Wei (Zhanguo)
Xin, King of Han 韓王信 feudal lord after the end of the Qin
Xin Pi 辛毗 high official (Cao-Wei)
Xin Qingji 辛慶忌 general (late Former Han)
Xing Bing 邢昺 philosopher (early Northern Song)
Xinling, Lord (Xinlingjun) 信陵君 high minister of Wei (Zhanguo)
Xizi 西子 see Xi Shi 西施
Xiong Guo 熊過 writer (Ming), see Eight Talents
Xu Chu 許褚 high official (Cao-Wei)
Xu Gan 徐幹 writer (mid-Later Han)
Xu Heng 許衡 philosopher (Yuan)
Xu Huang 徐晃 general (Cao-Wei)
Xu Le 徐樂 high official (mid-Former Han)
Xu Miao 徐邈 high official (Cao-Wei)
Xu Qianxue 徐乾學 collector and publisher (early Qing)
Xu Shen 許慎 philosopher and writer (late Eastern Han)
Xu Xuan 徐宣 high official (Cao-Wei)
Xu Zhenqing 徐禎卿 writer (Ming), see Qian qi zi 前七子
Xuan Di 玄帝 one of the mythological Five Emperors, see Zhuan Xu 顓頊
Xuan Ming 玄冥 assistant deity of Emperor Zhuan Xu
Xuande 宣德 see Ming Xuanzong 明宣宗
Xuanyuan 軒轅 see Yellow Emperor 黃帝
Xue Guangde 薛廣德 high minister (late Former Han)
Xue Xuan 薛宣 high official (late Former Han)
Xue Xuan 薛瑄 philosopher (early Ming)
Xun Han 荀甝 high official (Cao-Wei)
Xun Huanbo 荀桓伯 see Xun Linfu 荀林父
Xun Li 荀櫟 (荀躒) nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Xun Linfu 荀林父 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Xun Qing 荀卿 or Xunzi 荀子 philosopher (Zhanguo), a Confucian, author of Xunzi)
Xunzi 荀子 see Xun Qing 荀卿
Xun Wenzi 荀文子 see Xun Yin 荀寅
Xun Xi 荀息 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Xun Xianbo 荀獻伯 see Xun Yan 荀偃
Xun Yan 荀偃 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Xun Yao 荀瑤 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Xun Yin 荀寅 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Xun Yi 荀霬 high official (Cao-Wei)
Xun Ying 荀罃 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Xun You 荀攸 advisor (late Eastern Han)
Xun Yu 荀彧 political advisor (late Eastern Han)
Xun Yue 荀悅 historian and writer (late Eastern Han)
Xun Yun 荀惲 general (Cao-Wei)
Y [top]
Yan An 嚴安 official (mid-Former Han)
Yan Di 炎帝 mythological emperor
Yan Hui 顏回, see Ziyuan 子淵 disciple of Confucius
Yan Jingwang 燕敬王 Liu Ze 劉澤 relative of Emperor Han Gaozu
Yan Kejun 嚴可均 scholar and collector (mid-Qing)
Yan Ruoqu 閻若璩 philosopher (early Qing)
Yan Wen 閻溫 high official (Cao-Wei)
Yan Yuan 顔元 philosopher (early Qing)
Yan Ying 晏嬰 or Yanzi 晏子 minister of Qi (Zhanguo), protagonist in the collection Yanzi chunqiu
Yan Zhu 嚴助 official and poet (mid-Former Han)
Yang Chang 楊敞 high official (mid-Former Han)
Yang Chu Fu 陽處父 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Yang Jun 楊俊 high official (Cao-Wei)
Yang Fu 楊阜 high official (Cao-Wei)
Yang Wangsun 楊王孫 Huang-Lao philosopher (mid-Former Han)
Yang Xi 楊肸 see Yangshe Xi 羊舌肸
Yang Xiong 揚雄 philosopher (late Former Han)
Yangshe Chi 羊舌赤 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Yangshe Fu 羊舌鮒 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Yangshe Hu 羊舌虎 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Yangshe Xi 羊舌肸 nobleman of Jin (Chunqiu)
Yangshe Zhi 羊舌職 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Yan Yuan 顏淵, see Ziyuan 子淵 disciple of Confucius
Yang Hu 陽虎 minister of Lu (Chunqiu)
Yang Zhu 楊朱 philosopher (Zhanguo)
Yao one of the mythological Five Emperors
Yao Jiheng 姚際恒 Confucian scholar (early Qing)
Ye Shi 葉適 philosopher (mid-Southern Song)
Yellow Emperor 黃帝 one of the mythological Five Emperors
Yi 羿 see Hou Yi 后羿
Yi 益 see Bo Yi 伯益
Yi Yin 伊尹 minister (Shang)
Yin Yi Sheng 陰飴甥 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Yin Wen 尹文 philosopher from Qi (Zhanguo), author of Yinwenzi
Yin Wenggui 尹翁歸 high official (late Former Han)
Ying Bu 英布 (Qing Bu 黥布) feudal lord at the end of the Qin; rebel against Liu Bang
Ying Shao 應劭 politician and writer (late eastern Han)
Ying Yang 應瑒 writer (late Eastern Han)
Ying Zheng 嬴政 see Qin Shihuang 秦始皇
Yongle 永樂 see Ming Chengzu 明成祖
Yongli 永曆 see Prince of Gui 桂王
You Yu 有虞 see Emperor Shun
You Yu 由余 minister in Qin (Chunqiu)
Yu 虞 see Shun
Yu the Great 大禹 mythological founder of the Xia
Yu Dingguo 于定國 high minister (late Former Han)
Yuhuang 玉皇 Jade Emperor (Daoist deity)
Yu Fu 羽父 prince of Lu (Chunqiu)
Yu Jin 于禁 general (Cao-Wei)
Yunü 玉女 Jade Girl, daughter of the Jade Emperor; Celestial servant
Yu Qing 虞卿 political advisor (Zhanguo), author of Yushi chunqiu
Yu Yue 俞樾 Confucian scholar (late Qing)
Yu Xiong 鬻熊 philosopher (Eastern Zhou), author of Yuzi)
Yu Zhengxie 俞正燮 scholar and philosopher (mid-Qing)
Yuzi 鬻子 see Yu Xiong 鬻熊
Yuan Ang 袁盎 high official (mid-Former Han)
Yuan Gu 轅固 Confucian philosopher (early Former Han)
Yuan Huan 袁渙 high official (late Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Yuan Shang 袁尚 military commander of the late Eastern Han, son of Yuan Shao
Yuan Shao 袁紹 warlord at the end of the Later Han
Yuan Shu 袁術 warlord at the end of the Later Han
Yuan Tan 袁譚 military commander of the late Eastern Han, son of Yuan Shao
Yue Jin 樂進 general (Cao-Wei)
Yue Yi 樂毅 political advisor of the Zhanguo
Yun Chang 云敞 high official of the late Former Han
Z [top]
Zai Yu 宰予 disciple of Confucius
Zang Ba 臧霸 official (Cao-Wei)
Zang Hong 臧洪 military commander (late Eastern Han)
Zang Tu 臧荼 feudal lord at the end of the Qin
Zang Wenzhong 臧文仲 minister of Lu (Chunqiu)
Zangsun Chen 臧孙辰 see Zang Wenzhong 臧文仲
Zeng Guofan 曾國藩 high minister (late Qing)
Zeng Shen 曾參 disciple of Confucius
Zengzi 曾子 see Zeng Shen 曾參
Zhai Fangjin 翟方進 minister (late Former Han)
Zhan Ruoshui 湛若水 philosopher (mid-Ming)
Zhang Ao 張敖 feudal lord at the end of the Qin
Zhang Cang 張蒼 minister (early Former Han)
Zhang Chang 張敞 official (late Former Han)
Zhang Cheng 張承 high official (late Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Zhang Daoling 張道陵 sectarian Daoist leader (late Eastern Han)
Zhang Er 張耳 warlord at the end of the Qin
Zhang Fan 張範 high official (late Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Zhang Fei 張飛 general of Liu Bei (late Eastern Han)
Zhang Haipeng 張海鵬 collector and publisher (mid-Qing)
Zhang Han 章邯 general (Qin)
Zhang He 張郃 general (Cao-Wei)
Zhang Ji 張既 official (late Eastern Han/Cao-Wei)
Zhang Jian 張臶 see Zhang Zun 張臶
Zhang Jiao 張角 sectarian Daoist leader (late Eastern Han)
Zhang Liang 張良 political advisor (early Former Han)
Zhang Liao 張遼 general (Cao-Wei)
Zhang Ling 張陵 see Zhang Daoling 張道陵
Zhang Lu 張魯 sectarian Daoist leader (late Eastern Han)
Zhang Lüxiang 張履祥 Confucian scholar (early Qing)
Zhang Miao 張邈 high local official (late Eastern Han)
Zhang Miao 張邈 philosopher (Western Jin)
Zhang Ou 張歐 minister (early Former Han)
Zhang Qi 張緝 high official (Cao-Wei)
Zhang Qian 張騫 "discoverer" (mid-Former Han)
Zhang Rang 張讓 eunuch (late Eastern Han)
Zhang Shi 張栻 philosopher (late Northern Song)
Zhang Shizhi 張釋之 minister (early Former Han)
Zhang Shu 張叔, see Zhang Ou 張歐 minister (early Former Han)
Zhang Tang 張湯 high official (mid-Former Han)
Zhang Xiu 張繡 military commander (late Eastern Han)
Zhang Xuecheng 章學誠 philosopher and historian (mid-Qing)
Zhang Yan 張燕 military commander (late Eastern Han)
Zhang Yang 張楊 military commander (late Eastern Han)
Zhang Yi 張儀 political advisor (Zhanguo)
Zhang Yongqing 張永情 powerful eunuch (Ming), see Ba hu 八虎
Zhang Yu 張禹 high minister (late Former Han)
Zhang Zhao 張昭 political advisor of Sun Quan (late Eastern Han)
Zhang Zhan 張湛 philosopher (Eastern Jin)
Zhang Zun 張臶 scholar and hermit (late Eastern Han/Three Kingdoms)
Zhao Chengzi 趙成子 vassal and minister of Jin (Chunqiu)
Zhao Chongguo 趙充國 general (mid-Former Han)
Zhao Chuan 趙穿 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Zhao Dun 趙盾 see Zhao Xuanzi 趙宣子
Zhao Feiyan 趙飛燕 consort of Emperor Cheng (late Former Han)
Zhao Gao 趙高 powerful eunuch (Qin)
Zhao Gongming 趙公明 god of money and of pestilence
Zhao Guanghan 趙廣漢 high official (late Former Han)
Zhao Jianzi 趙簡子 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Zhao Ponu 趙破奴 general (mid-Former Han)
Zhao Qi 趙岐 Confucian scholar (Later Han)
Zhao Shuai 趙衰 see Zhao Chengzi 趙成子
Zhao Shichun 趙時春 writer (Ming), see Eight Talents
Zhao Su 趙夙 vassal of Jin, ancestor of Zhao (Chunqiu)
Zhao Tuo 趙佗 ruler in southern China (early Former Han)
Zhao Wenzi 趙文子) nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu
Zhao Wu 趙武 see Zhao Wenzi 趙文子
Zhao Xuanzi 趙宣子 nobleman in Jin (Chunqiu)
Zhao Yan 趙儼 high official (Cao-Wei)
Zhao Yang 趙鞅 see Zhao Jianzi 趙簡子
Zhao Yao 趙堯 minister (early Former Han)
Zhao Yu 趙禹 high official (late Former Han)
Zhen Dexiu 真德秀 scholar and philosopher (Southern Song)
Zheng Chong 鄭崇 high official (late Former Han)
Zheng Dangshi 鄭當時 high official (mid-Former Han)
Zheng He 鄭和 famous eunuch and navigator (early Ming)
Zheng Hong 鄭弘 high official (late Former Han)
Zheng Hun 鄭渾 high official (Cao-Wei)
Zheng Ji 鄭吉 high official (mid-Former Han)
Zheng Xing 鄭興 official and Confucian scholar (Later Han)
Zheng Zhilong 鄭芝龍 high official (Southern Ming)
Zheng Xuan 鄭玄 Confucian scholar (late Eastern Han)
Zheng Zhong 鄭眾 official and Confucian scholar (Later Han)
Zhengde 正德 see Ming Wuzong 明武宗
Zhengtong 正統 see Ming Yingzong 明英宗
Zhi 摯 see Di Zhi 帝摯 (one of the mythological Five Emperors)
Zhi Buyi 直不疑 minister (early Former Han)
Zhi Bo 智伯 (知伯) see Xun Yao 荀瑤
Zhi Li 智櫟 (知櫟, 智躒, 知躒) see Xun Li 荀櫟
Zhi Wenzi 智文子 (知文子) see Xun Li 荀櫟
Zhi Wuzi 智武子 (知武子) see Xun Ying 荀罃
Zhi Xiangzi 智襄子 (知襄子) see Xun Yao 荀瑤
Zhi Yao 智瑤 (知瑤) see Xun Yao 荀瑤
Zhi Ying 智罃 (知罃) see Xun Ying 荀罃
Zhi Yu 摯虞 writer and politician (Western Jin)
Zhong 重 or Chong son of the mythological Emperor Zhuan Xu
Zhong Hui 仲虺 minister (Shang)
Zhong Hui 鍾會 high official and general (Cao-Wei)
Zhong Jun 終軍 high official (mid-Former Han)
Zhong Kui 鍾馗 legendary person fighting against demons
Zhong Li 重黎 or Zhong (Chong) and Li one or two mythological persons, relatives of Emperor Zhuan Xu
Zhong Sui 仲遂 see Xiang Zhong Sui 襄仲遂
Zhonggong 仲弓 disciple of Confucius
Zhonghang Huanbo 中行桓伯 see Xun Linfu 荀林父
Zhonghang Linfu 中行林父 see Xun Linfu 荀林父
Zhonghang Wenzi 中行文子 see Xun Yin 荀寅
Zhonghang Xianbo 中行獻伯 see Xun Yan 荀偃
Zhonghang Yan 中行偃 see Xun Yan 荀偃
Zhonghang Yin 中行寅 see Xun Yin 荀寅
Zhongsun Heji 仲孫何忌 see Meng Yizi 孟懿子
Zhongsun Jie 仲孫羯 see Meng Xiaobo 孟孝伯
Zhongsun Jue 仲孫貜 see Meng Xizi 孟僖子
Zhongsun Mie 仲孫蔑 see Meng Xianzi 孟獻子
Zhongsun Su 仲孫速 see Meng Zhuangzi 孟莊子
Zhou 紂 see Shang wang Zhou 商王紂
Zhou Bo 周勃 political advisor (early Former Han)
Zhou Chang 周昌 minister (early Former Han)
Zhou Chengwang 周成王 Ji Song 姬誦 second king of the Zhou (c. 1030 BCE)
Zhou Gong 周公 Ji Dan 姬旦 regent for King Cheng of the Zhou 周成王
Zhou Kangwang 周康王 Ji Zhao 姬釗 ruler of the Western Zhou (c. 1000 BCE)
Zhou Muwang 周穆王 ruler of the Western Zhou (10th cent. BCE)
Zhou Pingwang 周平王 first ruler of the Eastern Zhou (r. 770-720 BCE)
Zhou Ren 周仁 minister (early Former Han)
Zhou Wen 周文 see Zhou Ren 周仁
Zhou Wenwang 周文王 Ji Chang 姬昌 ancestor of the Zhou
Zhou Wuwang 周武王 Ji Fa 姬發 founder of Zhou (c. 1050 BCE)
Zhou Xuanwang 周宣王 ruler of the Zhou (r. 827-782 BCE)
Zhou Yafu 周亞夫 general and minister (mid-Former Han)
Zhou Youwang 周幽王 last ruler of the Western Zhou (r. 781-771 BCE)
Zhou Yu 周瑜 general of Sun Quan (late Eastern Han)
Zhu Benli 朱本鉝 see Prince of Han 韓王
Zhu Bo 朱博 high official (late Former Han)
Zhu Changfang 朱常淓 Prince of Lu 潞王 (Southern Ming)
Zhu Changluo 朱常洛 see Ming Guangzong 明光宗
Zhu Changqing 朱常清 see Prince of Huai 淮王
Zhu Danji 朱亶塉 see Prince of Han 韓王
Zhu Di 朱棣 see Ming Chengzu 明成祖
Zhu Gaochi 朱高熾 see Ming Renzong 明仁宗
Zhu Houcong 朱厚熜 see Ming Shizong 明世宗
Zhu Houzhao 朱厚照 see Ming Wuzong 明武宗
Zhu Jian 朱建 high official (early Former Han)
Zhu Jianshen 朱見深 see Ming Xianzong 明憲宗
Zhu Maichen 朱買臣 high official (mid-Former Han)
Zhu Qiyu 朱祁鈺 see Ming Daizong 明代宗
Zhu Qizhen 朱祁鎮 see Ming Yingzong 明英宗
Zhu Rong 祝融 one of the mythological Three Augusts
Zhu Yihai 朱以海 see Prince of Lu 魯王
Zhu Yijun 朱翊鈞 see Ming Shenzong 明神宗
Zhu Yizun 朱彝尊 scholar (early Qing)
Zhu Youcheng 朱祐樘 see Ming Xiaozong 明孝宗
Zhu Youjian 朱由檢 see Ming Sizong 明思宗
Zhu Youjiao 朱由校 see Ming Xizong 明熹宗
Zhu Youlang 朱由榔 see Prince of Gui 桂王
Zhu Yousong 朱由崧 see Prince of Fu 福王
Zhu Yuanzhang 朱元璋 see Ming Taizu 明太祖
Zhu Yun 朱雲 official (late Former Han)
Zhu Yunwen 朱允炆 see Ming Huidi 明惠帝
Zhu Yujian 朱聿鍵 see Prince of Tang 唐王 (1)
Zhu Yuyue 朱聿𨮁 see Prince of Tang 唐王 (2)
Zhu Zaihou 朱載垕 see Ming Muzong 明穆宗
Zhu Zhanji 朱瞻基 see Ming Xuanzong 明宣宗
Zhuan Xu 顓頊 one of the mythological Five Emperors
Zhufu Yan 主父偃 high minister (mid-Former Han)
Zhuang Zhou 莊周, Zhuangzi 莊子 Daoist philosopher (Zhanguo), author of Zhuangzi)
Zhuangzi 莊子 see Zhuang Zhou 莊周
Zhuge Dan 諸葛誕 high official, general (Cao-Wei)
Zhuge Feng 諸葛豐 official of the late Former Han
Zhuge Jin 諸葛瑾 general of Wu, Three Kingdoms
Zhuge Liang 諸葛亮 political advisor of Liu Bei
Zichan 子產 minister of Zheng during the Chunqiu
Zigong 子貢 disciple of Confucius
Zihuazi 子華子 see Cheng Ben 程本
Zijian 子騫 disciple of Confucius
Zilu 子路 disciple of Confucius
Zisi 子思, see Kong Ji 孔伋 grandson and disciple of Confucius
Ziwo 子我, see Zai Yu 宰予 disciple of Confucius
Zixia 子夏 disciple of Confucius
Ziyou 子游 disciple of Confucius
Ziyou 子有 disciple of Confucius
Ziyuan 子淵 disciple of Confucius
Zou Ji 鄒忌 minister of Qi (Zhanguo)
Zou Yan 鄒衍 Yin-Yang philosopher (Zhanguo)
Zou Yang 鄒陽 advisor (early Former Han)