An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History and Literature

Annan jilüe 安南紀略

May 31, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald

(Qinding) Annan jilüe (欽定)安南紀略 "(Imperially endorsed) Military history of the campaign in Annam" is a history of the interventional expedition of the Qing dynasty 清 (1644-1911) in Annam in 1788-1791. It was compiled on imperial order by the Military Annals Bureau (fanglüeguan 方略館) and belongs to the historiographical type of military annals (fanglüe 方略).

The campaign was undertaken to support the Lê dynasty (1428-1788) of Emperor Chiêu Thống 黎愍宗 (personal name Lê Duy Kỳ 黎維祁, r. 1786-1793) against the throne claimants of the Trịnh family 鄭, and a handful of powerful generals under the leadership of Nguyễn Huệ 阮惠, lord of the Tây Sơn dynasty 西山. When Emperor Chiêu Thống asked for help against the Nguyễn, the Qianlong Emperor 乾隆帝 (r. 1736-1795) dispatched governor-general Sun Shiyi 孫士毅 (1720-1796) to help the righteous emperor of Vietnam whom the Chinese accepted as the ruler of the tributary state of Annam. Nguyễn Huệ was driven back to the south, and emperor Chiêu Thống was reinstalled.

The 30-juan long book Annam jilüe makes use of archival documents as primary sources, like imperial edicts and palace memorials. The book was not printed but only published as a manuscript stored now in the Beijing Library 北京圖書館. A downscaled version was published in 1986 by the Shumu Wenxian Press 書目文獻出版社 which is included in the series Zhongguo wenxian zhenben congshu 中國文獻珍本叢書.

Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰, eds. (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, 916.