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Kongzi biannian 孔子編年

The Four Categories of Literature
Kongzi biannian 孔子編年 "Confucian annals" is an annalistic biography of Confucius (Kongzi 孔子) attributed to the Song period 宋 (960-1279) scholar Hu Shunbu 胡舜陟, but more probably compiled by hid son Hu Zai 胡仔. The 5 juan "scrolls" long Kongzi biannian is based on a lot of sources that provide actitivies and words by Confucius. The most important sources were the Lunyu 論語 "Confucian Analects", the Chunqiu 春秋 "Spring and Autumn Annals" and their three commentaries, the Liji 禮記, Kongzi jiayu 孔子家語, and Confucius's biography in the history Shiji 史記 (47 Kongzi shijia 孔子世家). The Kongzi biannian begin in 551 BCE and reaches down to the year 497. The problem for the compilation of this annalistic biography was that most events and sayings of Confucius are not dated but can only be brought into a very crude chronological frame. The book therefore often deviates from the strict from of annalistic composition. It has nevertheless been given an eminent position as the first book in the biographic section (Zhuanji 傳記) of the imperial collectanea Siku quanshu 四庫全書. The earliest surviving print dates drom the Wanli reign 萬曆 (1573-1619) and was made in Korea. Except the Siku quanshu version, there are a print from 1818 and one from 1866, made by the Mowen Studio 墨文齋 in Beijing. The Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Hu Peihui 胡培翬 has compared older versions and published an annotated version of the Kongzi biannian. Two other commented versions are the Jinzi jiasi 金紫家祠 version from the Jiaqing reign 嘉慶 (1796-1820) and Hu Zhan's 胡湛 commentary from 1870.

Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 965.

March 6, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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