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Song zhongxing jishi benmo 宋中興紀事本末


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Song zhongxing jishi benmo 宋中興紀事本末 “History of the re-founding of the Song dynasty in its entirety”, original title Huangchao zhongxing jishi benmo 皇朝中興紀事本末, shortly called Zhongxing jishi benmo 中興紀事本末 or Zhongxing xiaoli 中興小曆 “Lesser history of the re-foundation (of the Song)”, is a history of the foundation of the Southern Song dynasty written by Xiong Ke 熊克 (1132 – 1204, courtesy name Zifu 子復). In spite of its title the Zhongxing xiaoji does not belong to the genre of “historical events in their entirety” (jishi benmo), but is a chronicle. In the imperial geography Da-Ming yitong zhi 大明一統志 the text is called Gaozong jishi benmo 高宗紀事本末 because it described the events during the reign of Emperor Gaozong 宋高宗 (r. 1127 – 1162). The 76 juan long book attracted highest attention among Song period scholars, but later fell into oblivion. It is still mentioned in the catalogue Zhizhai shulu jieti 直齋書錄解題 (Song), the bibliographic chapter of the dynastic history Songshi 宋史 and in the official catalogue Wenyuange shumu 文淵閣書目 (Ming), but not in later bibliographies. The text is transmitted in a 40 juan long reconstructed version that was extracted from the Ming period encyclopaedia Yongle dadian 永樂大典. Yet the text was by the compilers of the imperial collectaneum Siku quanshu again called Zhongxing xiaoji中興小紀, in order to avoid the (apparently pre-chosen) temple name of the Qianlong emperor, Qing Gaozong 清高宗. There are furthermore, in the Siku quanshu version, some phrases changed because they included derogatory words (lu 虜 “slaves”, hu 胡 “barbarians”, zei 賊 “bandits”, yidi 夷狄 “savages”) about the Jurchens, the ancestors of the Manchus. The text was reprinted as facsimile of a manuscript version by the Guangya Publishing House 廣雅書局 in 1891, and is included in the collectaneum Congshu jicheng chubian 叢書集成初編. In 1984 another edition was published by the Fujian renmin chubanshe 福建人民出版社. None of these different versions were ever critically compared. The most authentic version is probably kept in the National Library of China 北京國家圖書館. The time frame covered by this version (manuscript from 1731) reaches from 1127 to 1150, which is only part of the Siku quanshu version. The scholar Zhu Yizun 朱彝尊 remarked that there must have been original Song period prints in circulation still in the early Qing period. It is also known that Xiong Ke’s book was heavily used by Li Xinchuan 李心傳 for his chronicle Jianyan yilai xinian yaolu 建炎以來系年要錄. References: Congshu jicheng chubian, Guangya shuju congshu, Siku quanshu.

Sources: Jianming Zhongguo guji cidian, 127. Siku da cidian I, 885.

February 21, 2016 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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