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Chinese Literature
Wuxuebian 吾學編


The Four Categories of Literature
Wuxiebian 吾學編 "My Learning" is a history of the first half of the Ming period 明 (1368-1644) written by Zheng Xiao 鄭曉 (1499-1566). Zheng Xiao was a high minister at the Ming court and was very interested in history. His Wuxuebian is arranged in the same style as the official dynastic histories. It is divided into 14 chapters and 69 juan "scrolls". The main difference to the official dynastic histories is that Zheng inserts the layer of chapters which divide the text into thematical issues, instead of purely listing biographies as it is common in the biographic-thematic style (jizhuanti 紀傳體) of historiography. At the beginning of each chapter Zheng Xiao adds a small preface.
The oldest preserved print dates from 1567. There is another print from 1599.


Contents
1. 皇明大政記 Dazheng ji The Great rule (biographies)
2. 皇明遜國記 Xunguo ji The "usurpatorious" rule of Emperor Hui 明惠帝 (1398-1402) (biographies)
3. 皇明同姓諸侯表傳 Tongxing zhuhou biaozhuan Enfeoffed members of the imperial family (tables and biographies)
4. 皇明異姓諸侯表傳 Yixing zhuhou biaozhuan Enfeoffed persons of other families (tables and biographies)
5. 皇明直文淵閣諸臣表 Zhi Wenyuange zhuchen biao Members of the Grand Secretariat (tables)
6. 皇明兩京典銓表 Liangjing dianquan biao Ministers in the two capitals Nanjing and Bejing (tables)
7. 皇明名臣記 Mingchen ji Eminent officials (biographies)
8. 皇明遜國臣記 Xunguo chen ji Officials of the usurper (biographies)
9. 皇明天文述 Tianwen shu Astronomy and calendar (treatise)
10. 皇明地理述 Dili shu Administrative history (treatise)
11. 皇明三禮述 Sanli shu The three rituals (treatise)
12. 皇明百官述 Baiguan shu The hundred offices (treatise)
13. 皇明四夷考 Xiyi kao The four barbarians (treatise)
14. 皇明北虜考 Beilu kao The Mongols (treatise)

Source: Fan Jinmin 范金民 (1992), "Wuxiebian 吾學編", in Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Zhongguo lishi 中國歷史 (Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe), Vol. 3, p. 1232.

September 21, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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