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Zhenghe wuli xinyi 政和五禮新儀

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Zhenghe wuli xinyi 政和五禮新儀 "New Ceremonies of the Five Types of Rites from the Zhenghe Reign" is a book on state rituals compiled by a team under the supervision of Zheng Juzheng 鄭居中, courtesy name Zheng Dafu 鄭達夫. He came from Kaifeng 開封, the capital of the Song empire, and was XXX 中書舍人連擢至翰林學士, then 太宰 and 加少師. He was given the title of Duke of Yan 燕國公 and was given the posthumous title of Duke Zhengwen 鄭文正公. The 220 juan "scrolls" long book was compiled when Zheng Juzheng was XXX 議禮局官知樞密院, during the Zhenghe reign 政和 (1111-1117) of Emperor Huizong 宋徽宗 (r. 1100-1125), the last emperor of the Northern Song 北宋 (960-1126). The book is introduced by a preface written by the Emperor. It begins with the texts of suggestions on state rituals brought forward by members of the XXX 議禮局, and comments of Emperor Huizong on these proposals. The next part is dedicated to capping rites as compiled by the emperor (Yuzhi guanli 御制冠禮). The main text is divided in several parts. 24 juan include a general outline of court rituals (li zhi gangyao 禮之綱要), 111 juan festivity rituals (jili 吉禮), 21 juan guest rituals (binli 賓禮), 8 juan military rituals (junli 軍禮), 42 juan congratulational rituals (jiali 嘉禮), and 14 juan "inauspicious rituals" (xiongli 兇禮, i.e. funeral rites). Emperor Huizong had ordered to change the traditional sequence of the rituals and to describe marital ceremonies (hunyi 婚儀) before going on to capping rituals (guanyi 冠儀).
The great Neo-Confucian master Zhu Xi 朱熹 who lived during the Southern Song period 南宋 (1127-1279) was not very content with the Zhenghe wuli xinyi, so that after the publication of the ritual book Zhongxing lishu 中興禮書 it ceased to circulate. In the received version, many chapters are not complete.
The Zhenghe wuli xinyi is the only text on state rituals from the Northern Song period that has survived. The books Kaibao li 開寶禮, Taichang yinge li 太常因革禮 and Lige xinyi 禮閣新儀 are lost, and of the Zhongxing lishu only a few fragments have survived in the Ming period 明 (1368-1644) encyclopaedia Yongle dadian 永樂大典. Zheng Juzhong's book is included in the imperial collectanea Siku quanshu 四庫全書.


Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 1442.

January 23, 2014 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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