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Zhongshu zhengkao 中樞政考

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Zhongshu zhengkao 中樞政考 "Treatises on the managment of military affairs" (literally: of the central and important) is a compendium on military administration of the Qing period 清 (1644-1911) compiled on imperial order by a team of scholars under the supervision of Ortai 鄂爾泰. The book was finished in 1741. The 31 juan "scrolls" long book lists the administrative and judicial regulations for the Chinese Green Standard (luqi [sic!] 綠旗) troops and the Eight Banners (baqi 八旗) covering all aspects of the state officials, enfeoffments, household managment, granaries, field systems, the military administration, postal system, passes and fords, rules to deal with bandits and miscellaneous misdoings. The Eight Banner section furthermore includes regulations for the imperial palace guard, the procurement of horses and the construction of palace buildings. The Green Standards section includes regulations for the grain transport on the Imperial Canal as well as for the native chieftains. A third part explains special regulations of the Eight Banners. The three parts are numbered according to three different systems (Celestial Stems, natural materials and moral conduct) to enable a quicker search in the book. The Zhongshu zhengkao can be seen as an extract of the regulations in the Da-Qing huidian 大清會典.
The Xu zhongshu zhengkao 續中樞政考 is a modernized version of the Zhongshu zhengkao. It was compiled on imperial order by a team of scholars under the supervision of Mingliyang 明亮. The 72 juan long Xu zhengkao was finished in 1824. The first part deals with regulations for the Eight Banners, the second part with those for the Chinese Green Standard troops. A supplement to this edition was published in 1832, including 4 juan, the first covering aspects of the Banners, the other three aspects of the Green Standards.

Zhongshu zhengkao 中樞政考 (1741 edition)
First Series (Green Standards) Second Series (Eight Banners) 八旗則例 Baqi zeli Regulations for the Eight Banners
chapters position (Celestial Stem and no. of juan) position (material and no. of juan) position (moral conduct and no. of juan)
職制 Zhizhi Appointment and number of posts 甲乙 1-2 金 1 忠 1
公式 Gongshi Temporary appointment and demotion, bookkeeping, reports 丙 3 石 2 忠 2
戶役 Huyi or 戶口 Hukou Household administration 丁 4 絲 3 孝 3
俸餉 Fengxiang Military pay 孝 4
倉庫 Cangku Grain and monetary affairs 丁 5 絲 4 孝 5
學政 Xuezheng Education 孝 6
典禮 Dianli Canonic rites and etiquette, social affairs 廉 7
兵制 Bingzhi Staffing different types of units 廉 8
漕運 Caoyun Grain transport system 丁 6
田宅 Tianzhai Field allotment 戊 7 絲 5
儀制 Yizhi Etiquette, social affairs 戊 8 絲 6
馬政 Mazheng Horse administration 戊 9 土 11 廉 9
禁令 Jinling Prohibitions 廉 10
訓練 Xunlian Training 節 11
駐防 Zhufang Regulations for provincial Banner Garrisons 節 12
宮衛 Gongwei Palace guard 土 9
郵驛 Youyi Postal system 己 10 土 10
關津 Guanjin Passes and fords 庚 11 革 12
軍政 Junzheng Military service and military law 辛 12 竹瓠 7-8
土番 Tufan Native chieftains 辛 13
盜賊 Daozei Constabulary service 壬 14 革 13
營造 Yingzao Manufacturing and craftsmanship 癸 15 革 14
雜犯 Zafan Miscellaneous delicts 癸 16 木 15
total size (juan) 16 15 12
Zhongshu zhengkao 中樞政考 (1824 edition)
八旗 Baqi Eight Banners 綠營 Luying Green Standard troops
品級 Pinji Ranks of officers 1 1
營制 Yingzhi Regulations concerning the garrisons 1
開例 Kailie Ranks that can fill a vacancy of a higher post 1 1
京營 Jingying Regulations for the Capital garrisons 1
補放 Fangbu Filling vacancies 2-4
銓政 Quanzheng Regulations for appointment 2
題調 Tidiao Selection of garrison commanders 3
水師 Shuishi Naval forces 4
門衛 Menwei Gate guards 4
邊俸 Bianfeng Border defense 4
揀選 Jianxuan Regulations for the selection to fill vacancies 5
保舉 Baoju Promotion of replacement persons 5
考拔 Kaoba Filling vacancies of lower official posts 5
奏派 Zoupai Replacement persons for dispatched officials 5
封廕 Fengying Interitance of ranks 5
改武 Gaiwu Appointment of civilians to military posts 5
世職 Shizhi Interitance of posts 6
封贈 Fengzeng Ennoblement 6
襲廕 Xiyin Inheritance of posts 6
程限 Chengxian Time limits to take over an appointment 6
開缺 Kaique Vacancies 7
親老 Qinlao Leave for family reasons 7
土番 Tufan Native auxiliary troops 8 7
儀制 Yizhi Etiquette and social affairs 7 8
通例 Tongli General regulations 8 8
公式 Gongshi Temporary appointment and demotion 9-12 9-12
禁令 Jinling Prohibitions 13 13
宮衛 Gongwei Palace guard 14
倉庫 Cangku Grain and monetary affairs 14 14
俸餉 Fengxiang Military pay 15 14
戶口 Hukou Household administration 16 15
田宅 Tianzhai Field allotment 17 15
承催 Chengcui Regulations for handling of monetary transfers and copying with errors 17 16
漕運 Caoyun Grain transport system 17-18
營伍 Yingwu Personal offenses by soldiers 18 19-20
軍政 Junzeng Miliary service and military law 19 20
議功 Yigong Proposals for promotion because of military acheivements 21-22 21
關津 Guanjin Passes and fords 22 23
巡洋 Xunyang Maritime border inspection 22 22-23
緝捕 Jibu Arrestation of thieves and bandits 23 24
雜犯 Zafan Miscellaneous delicts 24-26 25
八旗馬 Baqi ma Horses of the Eight Banners 27
駐防馬 Zhufang ma Horses of the provincial Banner garrisons 28
綠營馬 Luying ma Horses of the Green Standard troops 26
牧馬 Muma Pasturing horses 26
馬禁 Majin Prohibitions concerning horses 26
驛額 Yi'e Numbers of personnel and horses in postal stations 27-31
驛費 Yifei Expenditure of postal stations 31-33
驛遞 Yidi Forwarding mail in postal stations 33
給驛 Jiyi Allocation of horses to staff and troops 34
限期 Xianqi Time restrictions 35
郵禁 Youjin Prohibitions concerning mail 35
驛站責成 Yizhan zecheng Management of postal stations 36
郵符 Youfu Special envoys and signs 36
疆護 Qianghuo Strong escorts 36
坐臺 Zuotai Service in stations as imposition of officials 37
鑾儀衛支更 Luanyiwei zhigeng Watchmen of the Imperial Procession Guard 37
訓練 Xunlian Training 28-29
兵制 Bingzhi Staffing different types of units 30-31 37-38
考試 Kaoshi Examinations 39
營造 Yingzao Manufacturing and craftsmanship 32 40
total size (juan) 32 40

Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, pp. 1444, 1445.
Tables arranged by Ulrich Theobald, following the Gugong zhenben congkan edition 故宮珍本叢刊 from 2000 (Haikou: Hainan chubanshe, Vols. 323-329).

February 27, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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