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Fangyu shenglan 方輿勝覽


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Fangyu shenglan 方輿勝覽 "Exhausting Overview of all Parts of the Empire" is an imperial geography written by the Southern Song period 南宋 (1127-1279) scholar Zhu Mu 祝穆, courtesy name Zhu Hefu 祝和甫. He came from Chong'an 崇安 (modern Chong'an, Fujian) and was, together with his brother Zhu Kui 祝癸, a disciple of the Neo-Confucian master Zhu Xi 朱熹, was appointed gentleman for meritorious achievements (digonglang 迪功郎) and later became director (shanzhang 山長)of the Hanjiang Academy 涵江書院 in the military prefecture of Xinghua 興化. He has written the encyclopedia Shiwen leiju 事文類聚.
The preface dates from 1239, and a revised edition was published by Zhu Zhu 祝洙 in 1267. The 70 juan "scrolls" long book is divided according to the seventeen provinces or "circuits" (lu 路) of the Southern Song empire and describes the geography of all prefectures throughout the empire. The book begins with the capital prefecture of Lin'an 臨安 (modern Hangzhou 杭州, Zhejiang) and provides information of the names of all prefectures through history, the administrative boundaries of them, the field tax income and the number of registered households, passes and strategic places, customs and habits, mountains and rivers, important temples, monasteries and official buildings, schools, touristic spots, and quotes a lot of writings an poems (especially paired prose, pianli 駢驪, liyu 儷語) written by local authors and important personalities. Zhu Mu makes use of a lot of sources, from "public" writings like the histories, masters and collected writings to inofficial histories, bronze and stone inscriptions, local gazetteers and maps. The Fangyu shenglan is a detailed source on the geography of Song China and was therefore often quoted by Yuan 元 (1279-1368) and Ming 明 (1368-1644) period scholars. It is similar to Wang Xiangzhi's 王象之 Yudi jisheng 輿地紀勝 that was compiled around the same time.
It is included in the imperial collectaneum Siku quanshu 四庫全書. In 1980 the Wenhai press 文海出版社 in Shanghai published a fascimile of the original text.


Sources: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 1058. ● Wang Zhaoming 王兆明, Fu Langyun 傅朗雲 (ed. 1991), Zhonghua gu wenxian da cidian 中華古文獻大辭典, Dili 地理卷 (Jilin: Changchun wenshi chubanshe), p. 62. ● Wu Feng 吳楓 (ed. 1987), Jianming Zhongguo guji cidian 簡明中國古籍辭典 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), p. 151.

October 25, 2013 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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