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Chinese Literature
Shiwen leiju 事文類聚 "Classified Collection Based on Historical Facts and on Literature"


The Shiwen leiju 事文類聚 "Classified collection based on historical facts and on literature" is an encyclopedia in four parts written by the Song period 宋 (960-1279) scholar Zhu Mu 祝穆, author of the Fangyu shenglan 方輿勝覽. During the Yuan period 元 (1279-1368), Fu Dayong 富大用 added two further parts, and Zhu Yuan 祝淵 a seventh part. Zhu Mu's original was finished in 1246, the first supplement by Fu Dayong in 1326. The first collection (qianji 前集) is 60 juan "scrolls" long, the second collection (houji 後集) 50 juan, the third collection (xuji 續集) 28 juan, and the fourth (bieji 別集) 32 juan, making a total of 170 juan. The "new collection" (xinji 新集) by Fu Dayong is 36 juan long, his "outer collection" (waiji 外集) 15 juan. Zhu Yuan's collection of "left-overs" (yiji 遺集) is 15 juan long, and another, "miscellaneous collection" (zaji 雜集) 2 juan. All collections together, the so-called Gujin shiwen leiji 古今事文類聚, are thus 238 juan long. It is not known who was the first to put the different collections together to one book. Except the Yiji collection, there are no overlapping themes, so that the books of Zhu Mu and Fu Dayong can indeed be seen as one, while Zhu Yuan's supplement mainly contributes sources left out in Fu's waji collection.
The special character of the Shiwen leiju collections is that they bring together facts from more or less scientific sources and the use of poems and prose literature. Each chapter is headed by a list of the sources used for the encyclopedia, then follows a part dealing with the topic in facutal matters (shishi 事實), and finally a part where literary sources (wenji 文集) are quoted. This is a pattern already used in the Tang period 唐 (618-907) encyclopedias Yiwen leiju 藝文類聚 and Chuxueji 初學記, but not in this systematic way. The last great encyclopedia making use of this method is the Qing period 清 (1644-1911) Gujin tushu jicheng 古今圖書集成. The strong point of the Shiwen leiju is that it quotes full writings and not only sentences of paragraphs. Because of this method, many interesting old writings have survived, like Shu Xi's 束晰 Bingfu 餅賦 or Zhang Pu's 張溥 Baisanjia ji 百三家集.
There is a print made in 1326 by the Wuxi Academy 武溪書院 which was reprinted in 1604 by Tang Fuchun 唐富春. In 1763 the Jixiu Studio 積秀堂 reprinted the edition containing all seven collections. The Shiwen leiju is included in the collectaneum Siku quanshu 四庫全書.


Sources:
Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典, vol. 2, p. 2040. Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe.
Zhao Hankun 趙含坤 (2005). Zhongguo leishu 中國類書, pp. 122-124. Shijiazhuang: Hebei renmin chubanshe.


Contents
前集 Qianji Former collection
1 天道 Tiandao The Celestial way
2 天時 Tianshi The seasons
3 地理 Dili Geography
4 帝系 Dixi The imperial houses
5 人道 Rendao The human way
6 仕進 Shijin Promotion of officials
7 退隱 Tuiyin Hidden worthies
8 仙佛 Xianfo Daoists and Buddhists
9 民業 Minye Professions
10 技藝 Jiyi Skills
11 藝術 Yishu The arts
12 樂生 Lesheng Joyful life
13 嬰疾 Yingji Children and diseases
14 神鬼 Shengui Deities and ghosts
15 喪事 Sangshi Funeral affairs
後集 Houji Later collection
1 人倫 Renlun Human relations
2 娼妓 Changji Singsong girls and actors
3 奴僕 Nupu Servants and slaves
4 肖貌 Xiaomao Likeliness (?)
5 穀菜 Gucai Grains and vegetables
6 林木 Linmu Trees
7 竹筍 Zhusun Bamboos
8 果實 Guoshi Fruits
9 花卉 Huahui Flowers and plants
10 鱗蟲 Linchong Fishes
11 介蟲 Jiechong Scaly beasts
12 毛鱗 Maolin Hairy beasts
13 羽蟲 Yuchong Feathered beasts
14 蟲豸 Chongzhi Small mammals
續集 Xuji Subsequent collection
1 居處 Juchu Houses and buildings
2 香茶 Xiangcha Odours and tea
3 燕飲 Yanyin Banquets and drinking
4 食物 Shiwu Food
5 燈火 Denghuo Lamps and fire
6 朝服 Chaofu Court robes
7 冠履 Guanlü Caps and shoes
8 衣食 Yishi Clothing and eating
9 樂器 Yueqi Musical instruments
10 歌舞 Gewu Song and dance
11 璽印 Xiyin Seals
12 珍寶 Zhenbao Jewels and precious stones
13 器用 Qiyong Tools and implements
別集 Bieji Other collection
1 儒學 Ruxue Confucianism
2 文章 Wenzhang Literature
3 書法 Shufa Calligraphy
4 文房四友 Wenfang siyou The four friends of the study
5 禮樂 Liyue Rituals and music
6 性行 Xingli Character and comportment
7 仕進(2) Shijin Promotion of officials (2)
8 人事 Renshi Human affairs
新集 Xinji New collection
1 三師 Sanshi The Three Preceptors
2 三公 Sangong The Three Dukes
3 省官 Shengguan Officials of the (Three) Departments
4 省屬 Shengshu Agencies subordinated to the (Three) Departments
5 六曹 Liucao The Six Sections
6 樞密院 Shumiyuan The Bureau of Military Affairs
7 御史臺 Yushitai The Censorate
8 諸院 Zhu yuan The various offices
9 國史院 Guoshiyuan The Historiography Academy
10 諸寺 Zhu si The various courts
11 諸監 Zhu jian The various directorates
12 殿司 Diansi The palace bureaus
13 諸庫局 Zhu kuju The various storehouses and services
外集 Waiji Outer collection
1 東宮官 Donggong guan The officials of the Eastern Palace
2 睦親府 Muqinfu The hostels for the imperial clansmen
3 王府官 Wangfu guan The officials in the princely establishments
4 節使 Jieshi The military commissioners
5 統軍司 Tongjunsi The army commanders
6 諸使司 Zhu shisi The various commissionaries (?)
7 諸提舉 Zhu tiju The various supervisorates
8 路官 Luguan Officials of the circuits (provinces)
9 縣官 Xianguan Officials of the district
遺集 Yiji Residual collection
1 三師 (2) Sanshi The Three Preceptors (2)
2 樞密院 (2) Shumiyuan The Bureau of Military Affairs (2)
3 省官 (2) Shengguan Officials of the (Three) Departments (2)
4 諸院 (2) Zhu yuan The various offices (2)
5 東宮官 (2) Donggong guan The officials of the Eastern Palace (2)
6 國史院 (2) Guoshiyuan The Historiography Academy (2)
7 六曹 (2) Liucao The Six Sections (2)
8 寺監 [2] Sijian Courts and directorates [2]
9 省屬 (2) Shengshu Agencies subordinated to the (Three) Departments (2)
10 封爵 Fengjue Enfeoffment
11 王府官 (2) Wangfu guan The officials in the princely establishment (2)
12 節使 (2) Jieshi Military commissioners (2)
13 殿司 (2) Diansi The palace bureaus (2)
14 總軍司 Zongjunsi General supervisors of the army (?)
15 府司 Fusi Ministerial supervisors (?)
16 監司 Jiansi Circuit supervisors
17 諸提舉 (2) Zhu tiju The various supervisorates (2)
18 路官 (2) Luguan Officials of the circuits (2)

Note: Some terms could not be found in Charles O. Hucker (1985). A Dictionary of Official Titles in Imperial China. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Chinese literature according to the four-category system

December 15, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail