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Chinese Literature
Guiji sanfu 會稽三賦

The Four Categories of Literature
Guiji sanfu 會稽三賦 "Three rhapsodies on Guiji" is a collection of three prose-poems (fu 賦 "rhapsodies") about Guiji 會稽 (modern Shaoxing 紹興, Zhejiang) written by the Southern Song period 南宋 (1127-1279) scholar Wang Shipeng 王十朋, courtesy name Wang Guiling 王龜齡. Wang hailed from Leqing 樂清, Zhejiang, and was an academician in the Longtu Hall 龍圖閣. His posthumous name is Wenzhong 文忠, and his collected writings are called Meixiji 梅溪集.
The 4 (or 3) juan "scrolls" long book was finished in 1158, when Wang Shipeng was notary of the administrative assistant (qianpan 簽判) of the prefecture of Yuezhou 越州 (another name of Shaoxing). He imitated the famous "Rhapsodies of the Three Capitals" (Sandufu 三都賦) by the Jin period 晉 (265-420) poet Zuo Si 左思 (Wei du fu 魏都賦, Shu du fu 蜀都賦 and Wu du fu 吳都賦) and wrote a rhapsody called Fengsu fu 風俗賦 describing landscape, local products, silkworm raising, fruits, animals and eminent persons of Shaoxing, a rhapsody called Minshitang fu 民事堂賦 describing the history of Guiji, and the rhapsody Penglaige fu 蓬萊閣賦 describing state officials in the city.
The earliest surviving print dates from 1524, yet there is a facsimile of a Song period print published in 1837, and a print from 1896 in the collectaneum Xiyinxuan congshu 惜陰軒叢書. The Guiji sanfu are also included in the imperial collectaneum Siku quanshu and the modern collection Zhongguo fangzhi congshu 中國方志叢書.

風俗賦 Fengsu fu Rhapsody on land and people
民事堂賦 Minshitang fu Rhapsody on the Hall of Official Affairs
蓬萊閣賦 Penglaige fu Rhapsody on the Hall of Paradise

Sources: Wang Zhaoming 王兆明, Fu Langyun 傅朗雲 (ed. 1991), Zhonghua gu wenxian da cidian 中華古文獻大辭典, Dili 地理 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), p. 140.

April 3, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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