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Hefangzhi 河防志

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Hefangzhi 河防志 "A Treatise on River Conservancy" is a book on water conservancy written by the Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Zhang Xiliang 張希良, courtesy name Zhang Shihong 張石虹. He came from Huang'an 黄安, Hubei, and was junior compiler (bianxiu 編修) at the Hanlin Academy 翰林院 and participated in the compilation of the annals Sanchao guoshi 三朝國史 (the history of the reign of the emperors Taizu 清太祖 or Nurhaci, Taizong 清太宗 or Hong Taiji, and Shizu 世祖) and was finally provincial education commissioner (duxue 督學) of Zhejiang. The 12 juan "scrolls" long book was written when Zhang Shiliang accompanied 文華殿大學士遂寧張公 to oversee the dyke and dam constructions at the Yellow River and River Huai. It was finished in 1725 and concretely describes the various works to control the waters of these two rivers that were linked by the Grand Canal. The descriptions included techniques of water engineering as well as the hard work of the peasants recruited to do this hard work. The book is to be found in the collectaneum Zhongguo shuili yaoji congbian 中國水利要籍叢編.


Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 1062.

December 21, 2013 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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