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(Jingding) Jiankang zhi (景定)建康志

Jul 17, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald

(Jingding) Jiankang zhi 景定建康志 is a local gazetteer describing the city of Nanjing 南京, Jiangsu (old name: Jiankang 建康) during the Jingding reign (1260-1264) of the Southern Song period 南宋 (1127-1279). It was written by Zhou Yinghe 周應合, original name Zhou Mihou 周彌垢, courtesy name Chunsou 淳叟, style Xiyuan Xiansheng 溪園先生, from Wuning 武寧 (today in Jiangsu).

The book has a length of 50 juan long. Zhou Yinghe made use of older descriptions of the prefecture of Jiankang, an important city that has been capital for several hundred years during the Six Dynasties 六朝 period (222~589). His sources covered the Qiandao 乾道 (1165-1173) and Qingyuan 慶元 (1195-1200) reign-periods. Yet for the first years of the Southern Song, when the Song emperors stayed in the city in Jiangkang (as "temporary capital" Liudu 留都), Zhou Yinghe added the result of his own studies.

Figure 1-2. Map of Jiankang
Map of the city of Jiankang from fasc. 5, Siku quanshu 四庫全書 edition.

The Jingding Jiankang zhi is one of the most detailed local gazetteers of the Song period, and cover the important region of modern Nanjing. The book had disappeared during the Ming 明 period (1368-1644) but was rediscovered in 1707 by Zhu Yizun 朱彝尊 (1629-1709).

Table 1. Contents of the (Jingding) Jiankang zhi 景定建康志
1-4 大宋中興建康留都錄 Temporary residence in Jiankang after the re-founding of the Great Song
5 地理圖 Maps
6-14 建康表 Chronological table
15-16 志總序 General, 疆域志 Borders
17-19 山川志 Topography
20-23 城闕志 City wall and buildings
24-27 官守志 State officials
28-32 儒學志 Confucian scholarship
33-37 文籍志 Writings
38-39 武衞志 Military matters
40-41 田賦志 Field tax
42-43 風土志 Local customs
44-46 祠祀志 Sacred places
47 古今人表傳 Table of personalities old and new, 正學傳 Biographies of orthodox scholars
48 孝悌傳 Biographies of persons of filial conduct, 節義傳 sincere standing, 忠勲傳 loyal spirit, 直臣傳 upright officials
49 治行傳 Biographies of persons of right conduct, 耆舊傳 virtuous elderly, 隱德傳 hidden worthies, 儒雅傳 fine teachers, 貞女傳 chaste females
50 拾遺 Appendix
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