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Chinese Literature
Qicheng 齊乘

The Four Categories of Literature
Qicheng 齊乘 "Chronicle of Qi" is a history and geography of the region of Shandong compiled by the Yuan period 元 (1279-1368) writer Yu Qin 于欽 (1284-1333). The book is 6 juan "scrolls" long and has a phonologic appendix written by the author's son Yu Qian 于潛. It was written as an informative historiographical source on the region of the Shandong peninsula, the ancient region of the state of Qi 齊. The term cheng is an old local word for chronicle, like in the lost book Jincheng 晉乘. Yu Qin added information on the geography of Qi, its administration, eminent persons hailing from there, customs and habits, and spots of touristic interest. Yu's sources were all kinds of geographic books like the "River classic" Shuijing 水經 or the imperial geography Taiping huanyu ji 太平寰宇記. The book is rated as written in an elegant language and is the oldest local gazetteer on the region of Shandong.
It was only printed in 1351, when Yu Qian had finished his commentary. The earliest surviving print dates from the Jiajing reign 嘉靖 (1522-1566). It is included in the imperial collectanea Siku quanshu 四庫全書.

1. 沿革 Yange Administrative history
分野 Fenye Border demarcations
2. 山川 Shanchuan Geography
3. 郡邑 Junyi Commanderies and towns
4. 古跡 Guji Ancient sites
5. 風土 Fengtu Customs and habits
6. 人物 Renwu Eminent persons

Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 1185.

March 28, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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