An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

Qicheng 齊乘

Mar 28, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald

Qicheng 齊乘 "Chronicle of Qi" is a history and geography of the region of Shandong compiled by the Yuan period 元 (1279-1368) writer Yu Qin 于欽 (1284-1333). The book is 6 juan "scrolls" long and has a phonologic appendix written by the author's son Yu Qian 于潛. It was written as an informative historiographical source on the region of the Shandong peninsula, the ancient region of the state of Qi 齊.

The term cheng is an old local word for chronicle, like in the lost book Jincheng 晉乘. Yu Qin added information on the geography of Qi, its administration, eminent persons hailing from there, customs and habits, and spots of touristic interest. Yu's sources were all kinds of geographic books like the "River classic" Shuijing 水經 or the imperial geography Taiping huanyu ji 太平寰宇記. The book is rated as written in an elegant language and is the oldest local gazetteer on the region of Shandong.

It was only printed in 1351, when Yu Qian had finished his commentary. The earliest surviving print dates from the Jiajing reign 嘉靖 (1522-1566). It is included in the imperial reprint series Siku quanshu 四庫全書.

The original was lost soon and had to be reconstructed from a print from the late Song period of which only parts existed during the Ming period 明 (1368-1644). The Qing period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Zhu Yizun 朱彝尊 was able to obtain 80 manuscript chapters from Master Hu from Haiyan 海鹽胡氏 and Master Mao from Changshu 常熟毛氏, to which he added a further 13 chapters from his own collection. 7 juan were thus missing. Another scholar, Bao Tingbo 鮑廷博, could provide juan 65 and 66 which were not among the surviving parts of the Song print. 95 juan are thus preserved. In 1830 a print of the Xianchun Lin'an zhi was made by Master Wang from Qiantang 錢塘汪氏 (Zhenqitang Studio 振綺堂).

Table 1. Contents of the Qicheng 齊乘
1 沿革 Administrative history
分野 Border demarcations
2 山川 Geography
3 郡邑 Commanderies and towns
4 古蹟 Ancient sites
5 風土 Customs and habits
6 人物 Eminent persons
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