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(Qinding) Rehe zhi (欽定)熱河志

Oct 25, 2013 © Ulrich Theobald

(Qinding) Rehe zhi (欽定)熱河志 "(Imperially Endorsed) Local Gazetteer of Rehe" is a local gazetteer on the province of Rehe (Jehol), the place of the summer residence of the Manchu emperors of the Qing dynasty 清 (1644-1911). Rehe, as can be seen from the name, was originally known for its warm springs that were the main reason for the place to become the spa of the Manchu dynasty.

The 120-juan long book was compiled on imperial order under the supervision of Hešen 和珅 (1750-1799) and Liang Guozhi 梁國治 (1723-1786). The book was printed in 1781. It consists of 24 chapters that are all introduced by a short preface. The themes do not only cover the standard range of local gazetteers, as landscape, schools, temples, garrisons, the history of offices, the local literati and their writings, local products, tax yields, and touristic spots, but also palaces, imperial parks, statutes for official ceremonies, audiences for "visitors from far away", and "Heavenly stanzas" (tianzhang 天章, i.e. writings by the emperors).

Figure 1. View of the Summer Palace in Jehol
Bird's-eye view of the Summer Palace Bishu shanzhuang 避暑山莊 in the Zhongguo bianjiang congshu 中國邊疆叢書 edition of the Rehe zhi 欽定熱河志.

The text is the result of a critical use of sources, and therefore very reliable. The gazetteer includes many tables, maps and illustrations. Very interesting is the chapter on the Mongolian nobility (Fanwei 藩衛) of the province of Rehe.

The Rehe zhi is included in the imperial series Siku quanshu 四庫全書 and was reprinted in 1934, and again published in the same year in the series Liaohai congshu 遼海叢書. It is also to be found in the Zhongguo bianjiang congshu 中國邊疆叢書, published by the Wenhai Press 文海出版社 in Taibei in 1965.

Table 1. Contents of the Rehe zhi 熱河志
1-12 天章 Tianzhang Heavenly Stanzas
13-22 巡典 Xundian Organizational rules for imperial visits
23-24 徠遠 Laiyuan Visitors
25-44 行宮 Xinggong The temporal palace
45-48 圍塲 Weichang The enclosure
49-54 疆域 Jiangyu Borders and territory
55-63 建置沿革 Jianzhi yange Administrative history
64 晷度 Guidu Astronomy
65-68 Shan Mountains
69-72 Shui Waters
73-74 學校 Xuexiao Schools
75-76 藩衛 Fanwei Mongol residents
77-82 寺廟 Shiyuan Monasteries and temples
83 文秩 Wenzhi Civilian administration
84 兵防 Bingfang Guards
85 職官題名 Zhiguan timing Name table of officials
86 宦蹟 Huanji Achievements in office
87-90 人物 Renwu Eminent persons
91 食貨 Shihuo Food and commerce
92-96 物産 Wuchan Local products
97-98 古蹟 Guji Historic spots
99-102 故事 Gushi Historical stories
103-106 外記 Waiji Outer records
107-120 藝文 Yiwen Literature from and on Rehe
Sources:
Bie Tingfeng 别廷峰 (1996). "Qinding Rehe zhi Bishu Shanzhuang zhuyi 《欽定熱河志•避暑山莊》注譯", Chengde Minzu Shizhuan xuebao 承德民族師專學報, 1996 (8).
Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰, ed. (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, 1129.
Liu Yulin 劉玉琳 (2002). "Rehe zhi Tianzhang chutan yu xuandu: Jinian Bishu Shanzhuang zhaojian sanbai zhou nian xilie wenzhang zhi yi 《熱河志•天章》初探與選讀——紀念避暑山莊肇建300周年系列文章之一", Chengde Minzu Shizhuan xuebao 承德民族師專學報, 2002 (9).
Wang Ying 王穎, Du Juan 杜鵑 (2013). "Qinding Rehe zhi yutu zhi jiedu 《欽定熱河志》輿圖之解讀", Hebei Minzu Shifan Xueyuan xuebao 河北民族師範學院學報, 2013 (2).
Wang Ying 王穎, Du Juan 杜鵑 (2014). "Qinding Rehe zhi bianzuan tili shulüe 《欽定熱河志》編纂體例述略", Hebei Minzu Shifan Xueyuan xuebao 河北民族師範學院學報, 2014 (2).
Xu Xinhui 徐信會 (2003). "Guanyu Qinding Rehe zhi bianzuan de xiangguan wenti 關於《欽定熱河志》編编纂的相關問題", Chengdu Minzu Shizhuan xuebao 承德民族師專學報, 2003 (9).