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Xuanhe fengshi Gaoli tujing 宣和奉使高麗圖經


The Four Categories of Literature
Xuanhe fengshi Gaoli tujing 宣和奉使高麗圖經 "Illustrated Account of an Official Mission to Korea during the Xuanhe Reign", short title Shi Gaoli lu 使高麗錄, is a report of a diplomatic mission to Korea writen by Xu Jing 徐兢 (1091-1153), courtesy name Xu Mingshu 徐明叔, style Zixin jushi 自信居士. He came from Ouning 甌寧 in the prefecture of Jianzhou 建州 (modern Nanping 南平, Fujian) and was sent to Korea in 1124, during the Xuanhe reign 宣和 (1119-1125) of Emperor Huizong 宋徽宗 (r. 1100-1125) of the Northern Song dynasty 北宋 (960-1126). He stayed more than a month at the court of Goryeo (Chinese reading Gaoli 高麗) and began to write down the report still during his travel. The 40 juan "scrolls" long book was submitted to the throne, and he was rewarded with the title of a metropolitan graduate (jinshi 進士, see examination). The book is divided into 29 chapters explaining themes like the foundations of the state of Goryeo and its dynasty, important personalities, the ritual and administrative system, customs and habits, traffic, sea routes, and the system of official communication at the court. The sea routes (haidao 海道) alone covers 6 juan and is very detailed. The original book also included maps and illustrations but these were lost at the beginning of the Southern Song period. It was printed several times during the Ming period 明 (1368-1644), and also in Korea, and is included in the collectanea Baichuan xuehai 百川學海, Shuofu 說郛, Zhibuzuzhai congshu 知不足齋叢書, Biji xiaoshuo daguan 筆記小說大觀 and Congshu jicheng chubian 叢書集成初編.

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Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 1114.

October 19, 2013 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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