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Yugong zhinan 禹貢指南


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Yugong zhinan 禹貢指南 "Compass to the Tribute of Yu" is a commentary to the chapter Yugong 禹貢 of the Confucian Classic Shangshu 尚書 written by the Song period 宋 (960-1279) scholar Mao Huang 毛晃, courtesy name Mao Mingjing 毛明敬, style Tieyan xiansheng 鐵硯先生. He came from Jiangshan 江山 near Quzhou 衢州, Zhejiang, and was a famous poet and lexicographer. Except his Yugong commentary he also wrote a revision to the dictionary Libu yunlüe 禮部韻略. The 4 juan "scrolls" long book Yugong zhinan comments on a large amount of older texts, like the gloss book Erya 爾雅, the Classic Zhouli 周禮, the geographic treatise in the official dynastic history Hanshu 漢書, the river geography Shuijingzhu 水經注 or the treatise Jiuyuzhi 九域志, and tries to reconstruct the geography of China during the late Warring States period 戰國 (5th cent.-221 BCE), when the Yugong was written. Unfortunately Mao Huang lived in the Southern Song empire 南宋 (1127-1279) and was not able to personally inspect places in northern China that was part of the Jin empire 金 (1115-1234) of the Jurchens. His book nevertheless inspired a lot of later commentators on the Yugong chapter.
The Yugong zhinan was lost for a long time, but it could be reconstructed with the help of quotations in the Ming period 明 (1368-1644) encyclopaedia Yongle dadian 永樂大典. Today it is to be found in the collectanea Rongyuan congshu 榕園叢書, Qingfentang congshu 清芬堂叢書 and Lizhizhai congshu 勵志齋叢書.


Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 115.

December 21, 2013 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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