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Commentaries on the Confucian Classics


The Four Categories of Literature
The number of commentaries written on the Confucian Classics is vast, yet only a relatively handy number of commentaries and collections of such played an important role in the history of Chinese thought. These are the standard commentaries to the Classics, as combined in the paradigmatic collection Shisanjing zhushu 十三經注疏, with the important edition of the late Qing period scholar Ruan Yuan 阮元. The commentaries to each classic were embedded in the subcategories to the Classics category of the 18th-century collectaneum Siku quanshu 四庫全書, while the texts of the Classics themselves are not separately reproduced there. Besides commentaries to individual Classics, there were also commentaries to groups of them, be it the three ritual classics (sanli 三禮: Zhouli 周禮, Liji 禮記, and Yili 儀禮), the Five Classics (wujing 五經: Yijing 儀經, Shangshu 尚書, Shijing 詩經, Liji, and Chunqiu-Zuozhuan 春秋左傳), the Four Books (sishu 四書: Lunyu 論語, Mengzi 孟子, Daxue 大學, and Zhongyong 中庸), the Nine Classics (jiujing 九經, varying titles), or the whole corpus of the Thirteen Classics (shisanjing 十三經). Other commentaries tried to fathom the meaning of the whole corpus. There was also a small number of private ritual regulations, the most important of which was Zhu Xi's 朱熹 "house rituals" Jiali 家禮.
The table below provides access to a selected number of important commentaries on the Confucian Classics, and collections of commentaries in the shape of so-called collectanea.

Commentaries on the Classics
書名 Title Author(s)
三禮圖 Sanlitu (Han) 鄭玄 Zheng Xuan
五經異義 *
駁五經異義
Wujing yiyi
Bo Wujing yiyi
(Han) 許慎 Xu Shen
(Han) 鄭玄 Zheng Xuan
毛詩草木鳥獸蟲魚疏 Maoshi caomu niaoshou chongyu shu (Sanguo-Wu) 陸璣 Lu Ji
五經大義 * Wujing dayi (Jin) 戴逵 Dai Kui
五經正義 * Wujing zhengyiCollectanea (Tang) 孔穎達 Kong Yingda (comp.)
鄭志 Zhengzhi (Wei) 鄭小同 Zheng Xiaotong
經典釋文 Jingdian shiwen (Tang) 陸德明 Lu Deming (comp.)
三禮圖集注 Sanlitu jizhu (Five Dynasties) 聶崇義 Nie Chongyi
六經正誤 Liujing zhengwu (Song) 毛居正 Mao Juzheng
禹貢指南 四卷 Yugong zhinan (Song) 毛晃 Mao Huang
禹貢說斷 四卷 Yugong shuoduan (Song) 傅寅 Fu Yin
禮書 Lishu (Song) 陳祥道 Chen Xiangdao
相臺五經 (相臺九經) * Xiangtai wujing (Xiangtai jiujing) → Collectanea (Song) 岳珂 Yue Ke
家禮 (朱子家禮) Jiali (Zhuzi jiali) (Song) 朱熹 Zhu Xi
四書章句集注 Sishu zhangju jizhuCollectanea (Song) 朱熹 Zhu Xi
五經大全 Wujing daquan (Ming) 胡廣 Hu Guang (comp.)
四書大全 Sishu daquan (Ming) 胡廣 Hu Guang (comp.)
禹貢圖說 * Yugong tushuo 1) (Ming) 鄭曉 Zheng Xiao, 2) (Qing) 周之翰 Zhou Zhihan, 3) 馬俊良 Ma Junliang, 4) 譚沄 Tan Yun
經學五書 * Jingxue wushu (Ming/Qing) 萬斯大 Wan Sida
通志堂經解 Tongzhitang jingjieCollectanea (Qing) 納蘭性德 Nalan Xingde
古微書 GuweishuCollectanea (Ming) 孫瑴 Sun Que
九經集解 (介庵經說) * Jiujing jijie (Jie'an jingshuo) (Qing) 雷學淇 Lei Xueqi
禹貢錐指 二十卷 Yugong zhuizhi (Qing) 胡渭 Hu Wei
九經說 * Jiujingshuo (Qing) 姚鼐 Yao Nai
九經古義 Jiujing guyi (Qing) 惠棟 Hui Dong
群經補義 Qunjing buyi (Qing) 江永 Jiang Yong
禮書綱目 Lishu gangmu (Qing) 江永 Jiang Yong
古經解鉤沉 Gu jingjie gouchen (Qing) 余蕭客 Yu Xiaoke
十三經注疏 Shisanjing zhushuCollectanea (Qing) 阮元 Ruan Yuan (comp.)
皇清經解 Huang-Qing jingjieCollectanea (Qing) 阮元 Ruan Yuan (comp.)
皇清經解續編 Huang-Qing jingjie xubianCollectanea (Qing) 王先謙 Wang Xianqian (comp.)
古經解彙函 Gu jingjie huihanCollectanea (Qing) 鐘謙鈞 Zhong Qianjun

October 5, 2013 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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