The state of Weili 尉犁 (Türkic name Karakum) was located at the northern route of the Silk Road in the region of modern Weili, Xinjiang. During the Han period 漢 (206 BCE-220 CE), it was part of the Protectorate of the Western Territories (xiyu duhufu 西域都護府). During the Tang period 唐 (618-907) it was conquered by its powerful Yanqi 焉耆. The Qing empire 清 (1644-1911) installed a district of Xinping 新平. At that time the region was called Karakum (transcribed as Kalakumu 喀喇庫木 or Kalagong 喀喇工).