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Persons in Chinese History - Peng Yue 彭越

Periods of Chinese History
Peng Yue 彭越 (died 196), courtesy name Peng Zhong 彭仲, was a general of and later rebel against Liu Bang 劉邦, the founder of the Han dynasty 漢 (206 BCE-220 CE). He came from Changyi 昌邑 (modern Jinxiang 金鄉, Shandong). When Chen Sheng 陳勝 and Xiang Liang 項梁 rose in rebellion against the Qin dynasty 秦 (221-206 BCE), he joined. Later, after Xiang Yu 項羽 had established his rule as hegemonial king in 206, Peng Yue joined the forces of Liu Bang who made him general. For his conquest of the region of Wei 魏 (approx. modern Henan) he was made counsellor (xiangguo 相國) of the kingdom of Wei. During the war against Xiang Yu he was able to cut off several times the supplies of Xiang, a merit for which he was by Liu Bang given the title of Marquis of Jiancheng 建成侯. In 202 he took part in the decisive battle against Xiang Yu at Gaixia 垓下 (modern Lingbi 靈壁, Anhui). He was invested as King of Liang 梁, with the capital Dingtao 定陶 (modern Dingtao, Shandong). In 196 he conspired against Liu Bang and was arrested, but later set free, demoted to a commoner and banished to Shu 蜀 (modern Sichuan). Empress Lü 呂后, in care the the dynasty, had him denounced of further rebellion, so that he was again arrested and executed.

Source: Cang Xiuliang 倉修良 (ed. 1996), Hanshu cidian 漢書辭典 (Jinan: Shandong jiaoyu chubanshe), p. 709.

March 8, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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