- An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art
About [Location: HOME > Literature > Four Categories > Historiography > Administration and Policy > Da-Qing tongli]

Chinese Literature
Da-Qing tongli 大清通禮

The Four Categories of Literature
(Qinding) Da-Qing tongli 大清通禮 "(Imperially Endorsed) Comprehensive Canon on Rituals of the Great Qing" is a collection of court rituals of the Qing dynasty compiled on imperial order between 1736 and 1757. The 50 juan "scrolls" long book is headed by a chapter on the great rituals in the ancestral hall (chaomian dadian 朝廟大典) and XXX (欽頒儀式). The main part of the text describes the five types of rituals. The model for the compilation was the ancient ritual Classic Yili 儀禮, with some references on the Zhouli. The texts does not describe how the particular rites developed in the first hundred years of the dynasty, but only comments on their importance. Concerning the ritual objects and implements, the text lists the number of particular tools, and their position on the altar or during the ceremony, but not their concrete appearance. Such information can only be found in the ritual canons Huidian zeli 會典則例 and XXX Huidian tu, and the canon Liqi tushi 禮器圖式. Not a lot of dynastic rituals have survived, like the Kaiyuan li 開元禮 from the Tang period, the Zhenghe wuli xinyi 政和五禮新儀 from the Southern Song period, the Da-Jin jili 大金集禮 of the Jurchens, founders of the Jin dynasty, and the Da-Ming jili 大明集禮 of the Ming dynasty. The Da-Qing tongli is very detailed and describes a huge number of ceremonies – altough there are still some of which are not described. Compared with earlier canonical texts on rituals, it is the most exact and detailed source.


Source: Siku quanshu zongmu 四庫全書總目 (Taibei: Yiwen yinshuguan, 1963), juan 82, fol. 21b-23a (pp. 1661-1662).

January 23, 2014 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
Chinese Literature over time