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Chinese Literature
Dashiji 大事記


The Four Categories of Literature
The Dashiji 大事記 "Great historic events" is a universal history written by the Southern Song period 南宋 (1127-1279) scholar Lü Zuqian 呂祖謙 (1137-1181) who took part in the compilation of the veritable records Huizong shilu 徽宗實錄 and the literature anthology Huangchao wenjian 皇朝文鑒 (Songwenjian 宋文鑒). His plan was to compile a history beginning in the Spring and Autumn period 春秋 (770-5th cent. BCE) and ending with the Five Dynasties 五代 (907-960). Illness prevented him from finishing this task, so that only the part on the Spring and Autumn period was finished in 1180.
The 12 juan "scrolls" long Dashiji is arranged in the way of a chronicle and covers the time from 481 to 90 BCE. It lists important historic events and the names of high state officials. Lü Zuqian used a lot of books as a source of information and added some comments to his chronological lists. The Dashiji is an easy-to-use handbook that includes important data about the central and local governments through the ages and can be used side by side with the official dynastic histories. There is an appendix of 3 juan of important comments in ancient books (Tongshi 通釋 "Comprehensive explanations"), as well as a 12 juan long appendix (Jieti 解題 "Analysis of topics") containing a text-critical analysis of various statements in the sources Lü Zuqian had used.
The Ming period 明 (1368-1644) author Wang Yi 王禕 has written a sequel to Lü Zuqian's book, the Dashiji xubian 大事記續編 with a length of 77 juan that covers the time down to the end of the Five Dynasties.
The oldest surviving edition of the Dashiji dates from 1212. It was printed at the beginning of the Ming period and then several times thereafter. The most widespread editions are to be found in the collectanea Jinhua congshu 金華叢書, Congshu jicheng 叢書集成, and the Siku quanshu 四庫全書. A modern edition was published in 1987 by the Jiangsu Guangling guji press 江蘇廣陵古籍刻印社.


Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 885.

Chapters
1. 周敬王三十九年[起] Annals from King Jing of Zhou 39th year (481 BCE) to...
2. 周威烈王二十三年[起] King Weilie of Zhou 23th year (403 BCE) to...
3. 周顯王八年[起] King Xian of Zhou 8th year (361 BCE) to...
4. 周顯王四十四年[起] King Xian of Zhou 44th year (325 BCE) to...
5. 周赧王十九年[起] King Nan of Zhou 19th year (297 BCE) to...
6. 秦昭王五十二年[起] King Zhao of Qin 52th year (r. 307-251) to...
7. 秦始皇帝二十六年[起] The First Emperor of Qin 26 (221 BCE) to...
8. 秦二世皇帝元年[起] The Second Emperor of Qin 1 (209 BCE) to...
9. 漢太祖高皇帝五年[起] Emperor Gaozu of Han 5 (202 BCE) to...
10. 漢孝文皇帝元年[起] Emperor Wen of Han 1 (180 BCE) to...
11. 漢孝景皇帝二年[起] Emperor Jing of Han 2 (156 BCE) to...
12. 漢孝武皇帝建元六年[起至征和三年] Emperor Wu of Han, Jianyuan 6th year (135 BCE) [until Zhenghe 3rd year (90 BCE)]

March 15, 2012 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
Chinese Literature over time