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Da shiji xubian 大事記續編

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The Da shiji xubian 大事記續編 "Continuation of the Great Historic Events" is a chronicle written by the late Yuan period 元 (1279-1368) scholar Wang Yi 王禕 (1322-1373), courtesy name Wang Zichong 王子充. He came from Yiwu 義烏, Zhejiang, and was a private scholar living at the foot of Mt. Qingyan 青巖山. When the rebel Zhu Yuanzhang 朱元璋 (known as Emperor Taizu 明太祖, r. 1368-1398), the eventual founder of the Ming dynasty 明 (1368-1644), took Wuzhou 婺州, he made Wang Yi clerk (yuanshi 掾史) in the Imperial Secretariat (zhongshusheng 中書省) because he was one of the "two famous Confucians of Eastern Zhejiang" (the other being the historian Song Lian 宋濂). He soon rose to the post of Vice Minister of Rites (libu shilang 禮部侍郎) and took care for the compilation of the imperial diary (qijuzhu 起居注), and was concurrently prefect (zhifu 知府) of Nankang 南康. After the foundation of the Ming dynasty the two scholars Wang and Song were appointed chief compilers of the official dynastic history of the Yuan dynasty, the Yuanshi 元史. When this book was finished Wang Yi was made edict attendant (daizhi 待制) of the Hanlin Academy 翰林院, and concurrently manager of the proclamation drafting section (zhigao'an 制誥案) and the Historiography Institute (guoshiyuan 國史院). In 1372 he suggested to the throne to demote the Prince of Liang, a daring enterprise for which he was executed. His posthumous title is Wang Zhongwengong 王忠文公, and his collected writings are called Wang Zhongwengong ji 王忠文公集. He has also written the collection Huachuan ji 華川集.
The 77 juan "scrolls" long Da shiji xubian is a continuation of Lü Zuqian's 呂祖謙 history Dashiji 大事記, and therefore imiatates the structure of this chronicle, except the custom of using headlines. According to Yu Xun 俞恂 the book began in the year 89 CE and end in the year 1276, when the Mongols ended the Southern Song dynasty 南宋 (1127-1279), but the transmitted version only reaches down to 959, the last year of the Five Dynasties 五代 (907-960). It might be that the original version was only available as a manuscript part of which has not survived. Unlike the great moral history Tongjian gangmu 通鑒綱目 by the Southern Song period philosopher Zhu Xi 朱熹 Wang Yi does not declare Liu Bei 劉備, founder of the empire of Shu 蜀漢 (221-263), as the righteous successor of the Han dynasty 漢 (206 BCE-220 CE), but treats the Three Kingdoms 三國 (220-280) of Wei 曹魏 (220-265), Shu and Wu 吳 (222-280) equally, which is a more objective kind of historiography than that of the Neo-Confucian master Zhu Xi. Wang Yi made use of a lot of historiographical sources that are lost today, like Song Xiang's 宋庠 Jinian tongpu 紀年通譜 or Liu Xisou's 劉羲叟 Changli 長歷 (with the chapter Tongjian mulu 通鑒目錄). The Da shiji xubian was printed during the Zhengtong reign 正統 (1436-1449, with a length of only 73 juan) and the Chenghua reign 成化 (1465-1487). It is included in the imperial collectaneum Siku quanshu 四庫全書.

Source: Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (ed. 1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 893.

1.-20. Han period 漢 (206 BCE-220 CE, from 89 BCE)
21.-23. (Shu-)Han period 蜀漢 (221-263, Emperor Zhaolie 漢昭烈皇帝, Duke Si of Anle 安樂思公 and Emperor Yuan of Wei 魏元皇帝)
24.-35. Jin period 晉 (265-420)
36.-38. (Liu-)Song period 宋 (420-479)
39.-40. (Southern) Qi period 齊 (479-502)
41.-43. Liang period 梁 (502-557)
44.-46. Chen period 陳 (557-589)
47.-48. Sui period 隋 (581-618)
49.-70. Tang period 唐 (618-907)
71. (Later) Liang period 梁 (907-923)
72.-74. (Later) Tang period 唐 (923-936)
75. (Later) Jin period 晉 (936-946)
76. (Later) Han period 漢 (947-950)
77. (Later) Zhou period 周 (951-960)

October 23, 2013 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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