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Chinese Literature
Houhanji 後漢紀

The Four Categories of Literature
The Houhanji 後漢紀 "Annals of the Later Han dynasty" (25-220 AD) in 30 juan "scrolls" by Yuan Hong 袁宏, a Jin period 晉 (265-420) historian, is only one of several histories of the Later Han period later overshadowed by Fan Ye's 范曄 Houhanshu 後漢書, which was granted the status of official dynastic history. Yuan Hong's history is one of the few "alternative histories" of the Later Han that survived without greater losses. Yuan Hong made use of older histories of the Later Han period, like the books of Xie Cheng 謝承, Sima Biao 司馬彪 and Hua Jiao 華嶠, but he also collected other material, like biographies, imperial diaries (Han Ling-Xian qijuzhu 漢靈獻起居注) or collections of court memorials submitted to the throne by high officials (Han mingchen zou 漢名臣奏).

Sources: Wu Shuping 吳樹平 (1992), "Houhanji 後漢紀", in Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Zhongguo lishi 中國歷史 (Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe), Vol. 1, pp. 372 f. ● Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文鬰 (1996), Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, p. 1539.

1-8. 光武帝紀 Reign of Emperor Guangwu (r. 25-57 CE)
9.-10. 明帝紀 Reign of Emperor Ming (r. 57-75 CE)
11.-12. 章帝紀 Reign of Emperor Zhang (r. 76-88 CE)
13.-14. 和帝紀 Reign of Emperor He (r. 88-105 CE)
15. 殤帝紀 Reign of Emperor Shang (r. 105-106 CE)
16.-17. 安帝紀 Reign of Emperor An (r. 106-125 CE)
18.-19. 順帝紀 Reign of Emperor Shun (r. 125-144)
20. 質帝紀 Reign of Emperor Zhi (r. 145-146 CE)
21.-22. 桓帝紀 Reign of Emperor Huan (r. 146-167)
23.-25. 靈帝紀 Reign of Emperor Ling (r. 167-189)
26.-30. 獻帝紀 Reign of Emperor Xian (r. 189-220)

July 11, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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