An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art

Suishu jingji zhi 隋書經籍志

Feb 5, 2011 © Ulrich Theobald

Suishu jingji zhi 隋書經籍志 is a bibliography included in the official dynastic history Suishu 隋書 as one of the treatises (zhi 志). It was compiled on imperial order between 641 and 656 by a team under the supervision of Wei Zheng 魏徵 (580-643). The compilers made use of older, now lost bibliographies, like Sui Daye zhengyu shumu lu 隋大業正御書目錄 from the Sui period 隋 (581-618), or Ruan Xiaoxu's 阮孝緒 (479-536) Qilu 七錄 from the Liang period 梁 (502-557).

The Jingji zhi lists 3,127 books available in the palace libraries, with a physical volume of 36,708 juan. Of the books listed, 1,064 are indicated as lost. Including the lost books, a total of 4,191 texts is listed. The books are arranged in 4 categories (sibu 四部), namely Confucian Classics (jing 經), histories (shi 史), "masters and philosophers" (zi 子), and belles-lettres (ji 集). They are divided into 40 sub-categories. Texts on Buddhism and some religious texts on Daoism are added in an appendix, but only with a statement about the number of writings and not a detailed listing of the books.

For each book, the author (including time and official position) and the size (in juan) is indicated, and for some books, remarks are provided, like the status of the preservation or the authenticity of the content. Each category and sub-category is accompanied by an introduction describing the particular school or type of text, and the bibliography itself is headed by a general introduction. The categorisation of literature in the Suishu jingji zhi was the basic model for virtually all later bibliographies.

The Qing-period 清 (1644-1911) scholar Zhang Zongyuan 章宗源 (1751-1800) compiled a critical edition of the Jingji zhi called Suishu jingji kaozheng 隋書經籍考證, published in 1877. The same did Yao Zhenzong 姚振宗 (1842-1906) in 1897 with his Suishu jingji zhi kaozheng 隋書經籍志考證). In 1955, the Shangwu yinshuguan press 商務印書館 published imperial bibliographies of ten official dynastic histories, Shishi yiwen jingji zhi 十史藝文經籍志 (including the bibliographic treatises of the Hanshu 漢書, Suishu, Jiutangshu 舊唐書, Xintangshu 新唐書, Songshi 宋史, Liaoshi 遼史, Jinshi 金史, Yuanshi 元史, Mingshi 明史 and Qingshigao 清史稿).

The Suishu bibliography included in this book has been revised on the base of the investigations of Zhang Zonguyan and Yao Zhenzong. Another study on the Suishu jingshi zhi was made by Zhang Pengyi 張鵬一 (1867-1943), published in 1904 (Suishu jingji zhi bu shumu 隋書經籍志補書目).

Table 1. Literary categories of the Suishu jingji zhi 隋書經籍志
1. 六藝經緯 Liuyi jingwei The six classical and paraclassical arts (Confucian Classics), 627 books
易經 Yijing Text and commentaries on the Book of Changes 70 books
尚書 Shangshu Text and commentaries on the Book of Documents 32 books
詩經 Shijing Text and commentaries on the Book of Songs 41 books
禮記 Liji Text and commentaries on the Rites 137 books
Yue Books on music 44 books
春秋 Chunqiu Text and commentaries on the Spring and Autumn Annals 104 books
孝經 Xiaojing Text and commentaries on the Book of Filial Piety 20 books
論語 Lunyu Text and commentaries on the Confucian Analects 74 books
讖緯 Chenwei Apocryphal texts 13 books
小學 Xiaoxue Elementary learning and lexicography 111 books
2. 史 Shi Historiography, 117 books
正史 Zhengshi official dynastic histories and commentaries 67 books
古史 Gushi Histories of antiquity 34 books
雜史 Zashi Miscellaneous histories 72 books
霸史 Bashi Histories of competitive states in China 27 books
起居注 Qijuzhu Imperial diaries 44 books
舊事 Jiushi Books about "ancient affairs" 25 books
職官 Zhiguan Books on state offices 27 books
儀注 Yizhu Books on state rituals 59 books
刑法 Faxing Law canons 35 books
雜傳 Zazhuan Miscellaneous biographies 217 books
地理 Dili Books on geography 139 books
譜系 Puxi Family registers 41 books
簿錄 Pulu Notes on administrative affairs 30 books
3. 子 Zi Masters and philosophers, 853 books
儒家 Rujia Confucians 62 books
道家 Daojia Daoists 78 books
法家 Fajia Legalists 6 books
名家 Mingjia Sophists or dialecticians 4 books
墨家 Mojia Mohists 3 books
縱橫家 Zonghengjia Coalition advisors or diplomatists 2 books
雜家 Zajia Miscellaneous or syncretist texts 97 books
農家 Nongjia Agronomical texts 5 books
小說家 Xiaoshuojia Storytellers 25 books
兵家 Bingjia Military treatises 133 books
天文 Tianwen Astronomical books 97 books
曆數 Lishu Mathematical and divinatory books 100 books
五行 Wuxing Books on the Five Progresses 272 books
醫方 Yifang Medical texts 256 books
4. 集 Ji Belles-Lettres, 554 books
楚辭 Chuci Poetry of the South and commentaries 10 books
別集 Bieji Collected writings of individual authors 437 books
總集 Zongji Anthologies and collective belles-lettres 107 books
5. 道經 Daojing Writings of Religious Daoism, 377 books (no titles provided)
經戒 Jingjie Classics and writings on fasting 301 books
餌服 Erfu Writings on diet 46 books
房中 Fangzhong Books on the art of the bedchamber 13 books
符錄 Fulu Writings on talismans 17 books
6. 佛經 Fojing Buddhist writings (see also Shijia 釋家), 1950 books (no titles provided)
大乘經 Dasheng jing Mahāyāna sūtras, 617 books, of these 558 sūtras (jing 經) and 59 commentaries (shu 疏)
小乘經 Xiaosheng jing Hinayāna sūtras, 487 books
雜經 Zajing Miscellaneous sūtras, 380 books
雜疑經 Zayi jing Miscellaneous sūtras of doubtful origin, 172 books
大乘律 Dasheng lü Mahāyāna vinayas, 52 books
小乘律 Xiaosheng lü Hinayāna vinayas, 80 books, of these 77 vinayas ( 律) and 2 commentaries (jiangshu 講疏)
雜律 Zalü Miscellaneous vinayas, 27 books
大乘論 Dasheng lun Mahāyāna śāstras, 141 books, of these 30 śāstras (lun 論) and 15 commentaries (shu 疏)
小乘論 Xiaosheng lun Hinayāna śāstras, 567 books of these 21 śāstras and 10 commentaries (jiangshu 講疏)
雜論 Zalun Miscellaneous śāstras, 51 books, of these 32 śāstras and 9 commentaries (jiangshu 講疏)
Meng Zhaojin 孟昭晉 (1993). "Suishu jingji zhi 隋書經籍志", in Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Tushuguanxue qingbaoxue dang'anxue 圖書館學•情報學•檔案學 (Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe), 406.