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Suikou jilüe 綏寇紀略


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Suikou jilüe 綏寇紀略 "Military history of the tranquilization of the bandits" is a report of the peasant unrests during the last years of the Ming period 明 (1368-1644). It was written Wu Weiye 吳偉業 who served as member in the Directorate of Education (guozijian 國子監) at the beginning of the Qing period 清 (1644-1911). His book was finished in 1652 and originally had the title of Luqiao jiwen 鹿樵紀聞. It begins with the unrests in the province of Shaanxi (a region also known under the name of Suiyuan 綏遠) in the early Chongzhen reign 崇禎 (1628-1644) and ends with the downfall of the Ming in 1644. It is arranged in the historiographic style of "historical events in their entirety" (jishibenmo 紀事本末), each chapter dealing with one complete event from its beginning to the end. Each of the 12 juan "scrolls" ends with a historiographic assessment about the strengths and weaknesses of the acting persons. Additionally some sources are listed upon which Wu based his report. The last chapter, 虞淵沉 Yuyuanchen, is structured quite differently than the others and might be of later date. It speaks of natural catastrophies. There are three supplementary chapters which were added in 1804.
The concise character of the Suikou jilüe makes it an important source for the history of the late years of the Ming dynasty. Especially the first chapter reporting the beginnings of the uprisings, and chapter 9 dealing with Li Zicheng's 李自成 rebellion, are worth reading. There was a print made in 1674 by Zou Shijin 鄒式金, which is reproduced in the collectaneum Congshu jicheng 叢書集成.


Source: Hu Yiya 胡一雅 (1992), "Suikou jilüe 綏寇紀略", in Zhongguo da baike quanshu 中國大百科全書, Zhongguo lishi 中國歷史 (Beijing/Shanghai: Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe), Vol. 2, p. 1031.


The Xubian suikou jilüe 續編綏寇紀略 is a history of the rebellions in the last years of the Ming period 明 (1368-1644) written by the Qing period 清 (1644-1911) historian Ye Mengzhu 葉夢珠, courtesy name Ye Bangjiang 葉濱江, style Meiting 梅亭. He came from Shanghai and has, among others, written the book Yueshibian 閲世編.
The 5 juan "scrolls" long book Xubian suikou jilüe was written as a complement to Wu Meicun's 吳梅村 Suikou jilüe 綏寇紀略 and provides more information on a lot of incidents like Wu's book. Ye Mengzhu used for his complement sources like the Yeshilu 也是錄, Dian-Shu jiwen 滇蜀紀聞, and Mengzhong yishi 夢中遺事. He also took part in the compilation of the Jiashen chuanxin lu 甲申傳信錄 that is related to the events of the campaigns against Burma, where Zhang Xianzhong 張獻忠, Sun Kewang 孫可望 and the Yongli Emperor 永曆 had fled to. The book is divided into three chapters and has an appendix. It was printed by the Shenbao press 申報館.


Source: Wu Feng 吳楓 (ed. 1987). Jianming Zhongguo guji cidian 簡明中國古籍辭典, p. 829. Shenyang: Jinlin wenshi chubanshe.

Contents of the Suikou jilüe
1. 澠池渡 Mianchi du
2. 車箱困 Chexiang kun
3. 真寧恨 Zhenning hen
4. 朱陽潰 Zhuyang kui
5. 黑水擒 Moshui qin
6. 谷城變 Gucheng bian
7. 開縣敗 Kaixian bai
8. 汴渠墊 Bianqu zhi
9. 通城擊 Zongcheng ji
10. 鹽亭誅 Yanting zhu
11. 九江哀 Jiujiang ai
12. 虞淵沉 Yuyuan chen
Contents of the Xubian suikou jilüe
1. 蜀川沸 Shuchun fu
2. 滇黔竄 Dian-Qian cuan
3. 爭挾王 Zhengjia wang
4. 緬甸散 Miandian san

July 11, 2010 © Ulrich Theobald · Mail
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