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Chiya 赤雅

Oct 23, 2019 © Ulrich Theobald

Chiya 赤雅 "Dictionary of the South" is a book on the native peoples of southern China written during the late Ming period 明 (1368-1644) by Kuang Lu 鄺露 (1604-1650), courtesy name Zhanruo 湛若, also called Ruilu 瑞露. Kuang lived among the native tribes for a long time, and was therefore very experienced with the local geography and the customs and habits of the local population. The preface of Xue An 薛案 is dated 1635.

The title includes the words chi 赤 "red", which is the colour of the south, and ya 雅, which is an abbreviation of a type of glossary founded in the ancient classic Erya 爾雅. The first part of the book of 3 juan describes the customs and habits of the native tribes, the second part focuses on the geography, and the third one on the flora and fauns of the region. The whole text consists of 197 short chapters.

The Chiya is included in the series Zhibuzuzhai congshu 知不足齋叢書, Longwei bishu 龍威祕書, Shuoku 說庫本, Siku quanshu 四庫全書, Suyuan congshu 嘯園叢書 and Guiyuan shulin congshu 桂苑書林叢書. A print from 1880 includes a 2-juan long appendix called Jiaoya 嶠雅 "Dictionary of the mountain regions".

Sources:
Gao Wende 高文德, ed. (1995). Zhongguo shaoshu minzu shi cidian 中國少數民族史大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin jiaoyu chubanshe), 1011.
Hu Qiwang 胡起望 (1981). "Kuang Lu he ta de Chiya 鄺露和他的《赤雅》", Minzu yanjiu 民族研究, 1981 (3).
Li Ganfen 李干芬 (1993). "Chiya 赤雅", in Zhuangzu baike cidian bianzuan weiyuanhui 《壯族百科辭典》編纂委員會, ed. Zhuangzzu baike cidian 壯族百科辭典 (Nanning: Guangxi renmin chubanshe), 114.
Li Xueqin 李學勤, Lü Wenyu 呂文郁, ed. (1996). Siku da cidian 四庫大辭典 (Changchun: Jilin daxue chubanshe), Vol. 1, 1113.
Liang Tingwang 梁庭望 (2000). "Gudai nanfang wenxue guanxi de jiejing: Chiya 古代南方文學關係的結晶——《赤雅》", Guangxi minzu yanjiu 廣西民族研究, 2000 (9).
Wang Zhaoming 王兆明, Fu Langyun 傅朗云, ed. (1991). Zhonghua gu wenxian da cidian 中華古文獻大辭典, Vol. Dili 地理卷 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), 164.
Wu Feng 吳楓, ed. (1987). Jianming Zhongguo guji cidian 簡明中國古籍辭典 (Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe), 385.
Yin Le 尹樂 (2009). "Chiya yanjiu zongshu 《赤雅》研究綜述", Heiliongjiang shizhi 黑龍江史志, 2009 (12).